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New Jersey colony
Transcript of New Jersey colony
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
the foundation of the colony
The Economy of the Colony
Chapter1: The Foundation of the Colony
1. The founders
2. the main reason of founding new jersey colony
Chapter2: the economy of the colony
1. agriculture and industries
Chapter3: Life in Colonial New Jersey
1. Clothes / Education / social lifestyle
Chapter 4: the political structure in New Jersey
The first settlements in New Jersey were made by the Dutch along the western bank of the Hudson, with one on the Delaware at Fort Nassau; but these settlements were insignificant, and the history of the colony properly begins with the occupation of the territory by the English. The New Jersey Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America.
The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The New Jersey Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies.
Named after the British island of jersey, situated in the English Channel and part of the channel island
New Jersey is bordered on the west by Pennsylvania. It's bordered on the north by New York. The Atlantic Ocean is on the east, and Delaware Bay borders the south. Because of its prime farmland and abundance, it was later dubbed the Garden State. This became its official nickname.
Major Towns / Cities:
Trenton, Princeton, Newark, Camden….
The area was first colonized by Dutch settlers around 1613. The colony was called New Netherland, and included parts of modern-day New York and New Jersey. By 1664, the British had claimed the entire region and had driven the Dutch out. New Jersey was included in the grant of Charles II to his brother James, the Duke of York, in 1664. The same year James disposed of the province to two of his friends, Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, and it was named in honor of the latter, who had been governor of the island of Jersey in the English Channel. The next year Carteret began to colonize his new possessions. He sent his nephew, Philip Carteret, as governor, who, with a company of emigrants, made the first settlement at
, so named in honor of
Sir George's wife
. Carteret and Berkeley began attracting people to the area by offering land and guaranteeing religious freedom. In return for the land, the settlers were supposed to pay a yearly tax called a quitrent. The quitrents proved hard to collect, which prompted the sale of the land to the Quakers in 1673. Upon the sale, New Jersey was divided in West Jersey and East Jersey. However, by 1702, the two divisions were united as the royal colony of New Jersey.
The two founders of the colony: from left to right (Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret)
The main reason of founding New Jersey was:
for trade and profits
Agriculture and industries
New Jersey was a Good farmland because of the climate (a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters that were suited to farming and agriculture) it was often referred to as a breadbasket colony because it grew so many crops, especially wheat. The wheat was ground into flour in flour mills then shipped to England.
*Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering)
* Rich with other raw materials like: timber, furs and coal. Iron
* Exported agricultural products and natural resources including cattle, grain, rice, indigo (dye) and wheat
the coin used in New Jersey
Life in Colonial New Jersey
the political structure in New Jersey
1. Clothes / Education / social lifestyle
Family life in colonial New Jersey revolved around the family business. This business was usually farming. However, other industries also were operating at the time, Boys helped in the fields or in the other businesses. Girls helped their mothers with the housework and garden. The females in colonial New Jersey grew the food, cooked all the meals and sewed all the clothes. Women didn't have to do it alone if finances allowed for servants.
religion in the colony
Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others.
a member of the Religious Society of Friends, a Christian movement founded by George Fox circa 1650 and devoted to peaceful principles. Central to the Quakers’ belief is the doctrine of the ’Inner Light', or sense of Christ’s direct working in the soul.
the Protestant Church accepting the Augsburg Confession of 1530, with justification by faith alone as a cardinal doctrine. The Lutheran Church is the largest Protestant body,
First and foremost, it was a
governor appointed by the king
Carteret granted a form of government in what was known as the "Concessions," which granted religious liberty to Englishmen in the new colony, and a government to be carried on by a governor, council, and an assembly of twelve to be chosen by the people, and no taxes were to be laid without the consent of the assembly.
It became a state on December 18, 1787
It was the third state to ratify the Constitution
New Jersey was the first to ratify the Bill of Rights