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Comparing Macbeth and The Lion King

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Cindy Leung

on 7 December 2015

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Transcript of Comparing Macbeth and The Lion King

Pumbaa and Timon as Siward
Mufasa as Banquo
Mufasa resembles Banquo because they both are killed (by Scar and the three murderers) and have a son who is destined to be a king that runs away after their death (Simba and Fleance).
Simba as Fleance
After the king (Mufasa and Duncan) dies, their sons (Simba, and Malcolm plus Donaldbain) flee the land in order to avoid death and suspicion.
The Scenes
Hallucinations
Hallucinations are used by both
The Lion King
and
Macbeth
. In
The Lion King
, Simba hallucinates and sees the ghost of his father. Mufasa encourages Simba and says that he will always be watching over him.

In
Macbeth
, the hallucinations signify guilt and Macbeth sees a dagger and the ghost of Banquo, which signify the murders that Macbeth is about to or has already committed.
Comparing
Macbeth
and
The Lion King

By Cindy Leung
Scar as Hecate
The Hyenas as the Witches
The Characters
The Hyenas as the Three Murderers
Rafiki as the Witches
Betraying the King's Trust
Fleeing From Guilt and Suspicion
Bibliography
Simba as Macduff
Simba as Malcolm
Scar as Macbeth
Mufasa as Duncan
Nala as Ross
Mufasa as the Apparitions
Presenting the Future King
Running From Murderers
Seeing the Dead
Refusal of the Call to be King
The End of Tyranny
Themes, Ideas, and Motifs
Betrayal of a Family Member
Sins Will Not Remain Unpunished
Leadership Compared to Tyranny
A Hunger for Power
The Lion King
By Disney
Macbeth
By William Shakespeare
The actions that Simba has taken near the end of the movie bears a strong resemblance to the actions that Macduff takes when he decides to avenge his family and kill Macbeth.

Simba returns to Pride Rock after fleeing it several years ago. When he returns, Scar has taken over Pride Rock. Simba fights Scar to the death before emerging as the victor and restoring peace to Pride Rock.

This resembles when Macduff returns to Scotland after being in England for a period of time. When Macduff returns, he fights Macbeth to the death before emerging as the victor and restoring peace to Scotland.
When Mufasa, Simba's father, is killed, Simba blames himself and runs away from Pride Rock in oder to avoid his guilt. This allows Scar to become the king of Pride Rock.

After fleeing Pride Rock, Simba lives a carefree life until Nala comes and accidentally finds him. She tries to convince Simba to return to Pride Rock and defeat Scar because he is the rightful king.

When Duncan, (Donaldbain and) Malcolm's father, is killed, Malcolm flees to England because he is afraid of being killed. This allows Macbeth to become the king of Scotland.

After fleeing Scotland, Malcolm lives in England until Macduff and Ross come to convince Malcolm to return to Scotland and overthrow Macbeth because Malcolm is the rightful king.
Simba is destined to be the future king. After Mufasa is killed, Simba runs away from three hyenas in order to prevent his own death.

The witches tell Banquo that his descendants will become kings. While Banquo is being killed, Fleance flees from the three murderers in order to prevent his own death.
Scar is the brother of Mufasa and has the strong desire to be king. He kills his brother, which causes Mufasa's son Simba to flee. Scar becomes the king of Pride Rock and is seen as a tyrant until Simba returns and overthrows Scar. Scar is then attacked by hyenas and is presumed to be dead.

Macbeth is a Thane (lord) and a subject of Duncan. He gains a strong desire to be king after being told a prophecy from the three witches. He kills Duncan, which causes his sons Malcolm and Donaldbain to flee. Macbeth becomes the king of Scotland and is seen as a tyrant until Malcolm returns and overthrows Macbeth with the help of Macduff and Siward. Macbeth is beheaded by Macduff and killed.
The way that Scar is seen as the one who controls the hyenas is like how Hecate is the leader of the three witches. They both control their group of subordinates.
Mufasa and Duncan share many similarities, such as being king (being king of Pride Rock and being king of Scotland), having sons (Simba as Mufasa's son, Malcolm and Donaldbain as Duncan's sons), getting killed by someone you trust (Scar and Macbeth), and having their son return and take their rightful place as king (Simba and Malcolm).
Mufasa can be viewed as being like the three apparitions because Rafiki leads Simba to a place where Mufasa's ghost encourages Simba. This is like how the witches show Macbeth the aparitions which give him prophecies. These prophecies make Macbeth assume that he will have a long and successful rule as king.
Rafiki is like the witches because he presents Simba as the future king to the inhabitants of the Pride Lands in the beginning of the movie. He also shows Simba the place where Simba sees the ghost of his father. This is like how the witches give Macbeth the prophecy that he will become the king of Scotland in the beginning of the play and then show Macbeth the aparitions that hint at his future.
Both Rafiki and the witches
also answer Simba and
Macbeth's questions with
unclear answers and riddles.
Pumbaa and Timon provide support for Simba in his conflict with Scar like how Siward lends his strength to Malcolm and Macduff in their fight against Macbeth.
Nala is like Ross because they both bring news of what is happening back in the main kingdom. They also try to convince the princes (Simba and Malcolm) to return to their respective lands and make a claim for the throne.
The hyenas resemble the three murderers because they both are ordered by their leaders (Scar and Macbeth) to kill someone (Simba, and Banquo and Fleance) but allow the son (Simba and Fleance) to escape.
The hyenas and the witches both work under a leader (Scar and Hecate) and have displeased their leaders at one point in time (the hyenas are unable to kill Simba on their first and second attempts, and the witches do not include Hecate when they present Macbeth with prophecies).
At the beginning of each piece of work, an individual is either told or shown to be the next ruler of the land by a wise entity. This can be seen when Rafiki lifts Simba up to show the rest of the animals their future king. This can also be seen when Macbeth is given a prophecy from the witches.
In both
Macbeth
and
The Lion King
, an individual that the king trusts (Scar and Macbeth) ends up murdering the king.
After Mufasa and Banquo have been killed, the murderers (the hyenas and the three murderers) target their sons (Simba and Fleance). This causes the sons to run away.
After the successful murder of Scar and Macbeth's targets (Mufasa and Banquo), they later encounter what they believe to be the ghosts of the dead (Scar's Mufasa is actually a mature Simba while Macbeth's Banquo is a hallucination). This sends the both of them into a state of panic.
Upon the discovery of Simba and Malcolm, Nala and Ross try to convince them to return and become king of their respective lands. They (Simba and Malcolm) both refuse before having a change of heart later in the story.
In both cases, the tyrant (Scar and Macbeth) is overthrown and suffers a terrible fate (Scar is attacked by hyenas and Macbeth is beheaded).
Peace is restored to the
land.
The hunger for power is a driving force in the motivation behind Scar and Macbeth's actions. The desire to gain power progresses the plot in both of the stories.
In both stories, a trusted member of the king's family betrays and kills him. In Mufasa's case, it is his brother, Scar. In Duncan's case, it is his cousin, Macbeth.
In both tales, there is a distinction that is made between leadership and the qualities of a good king compared to tyranny.

In
The Lion King
, after Scar begins his rule, many of the animals (Zazu and the hyenas) complain that they miss when Mufasa was the ruler, which enrages Scar.

In
Macbeth
, Macbeth is eventually referred to as the "tyrant" whereas Duncan is referred to as a king, not a tyrant.
In both cases, it is shown that murder caused by greed will eventually lead to punishment. (The mauling of Scar by hyenas and death of Macbeth.)
http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/macbeth/themes.html
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