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Geography of the Chinese River Valley

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Kenli Johnson

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Geography of the Chinese River Valley

Ancient Chinese River Valley Civilizations
They worshiped their ancestors
Dead ancestors were summoned for advice by oracle bones and other means
They had 3 main religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism
They performed sacrifices
Ancient China was built along 2 main rivers the Yellow River in the north and the Yangtze in the south.
They had seasonal monsoons that blew massive winds for the Indian Ocean to help make very fertile soil for growing plants such as rice.
Areas of Eastern China are surrounded by deserts, vast steeps, and high mountains
There steep mountains made trade very difficult and the relied on their food.
Geography of the Chinese River Valley
Yangtze River
Powerful Empires
Shang Dynasty:
It was from 1600-1046 B.C.
Divided into two periods
It featured 31 kings
Worshiped many Gods, such as the sky Gods and the weather Gods
Second dynasty of the 3
Cheng Tang was the creator

Zhou Dynasty
Longest lasting dynasty
From 1066-256 B.C.
The leader was King Wu
The king was seen as the Mandate of Heaven
Located between the Yellow River and Yangtze River
The capitol is Hao
Han Dynasty
Lasted from 202-220 B.C.
Founded by Liu Bang
Considered the Golden Age of China
Created the first public school system
Invented paper, compass, porcelain, and wheelbarrow
Confucianism was the main religion practice
People and Lifestyle
Father was the authority of the family
They had arranged marriages
Father controls the amount of education
People enjoyed hunting and leisure activities
The father chooses the career for the son
The poor lived in mud huts and the rich lived in brick houses
mud hut
It lasted from 480-222 B.C
Dao meant "the way", meaning the way to the ultimate truth to the universe
Focused on meditation, breathing, and recitation of verses
Reincarnation and cosmology
Do not believe in extremes, interdependence of things
No total good/evil or negative/positive
Love of nature, vegetarian
Protective talismans and ritual
The importance of Confucianism
Traditional culture as well as a complete ideological system created by Confucius, based on the traditional culture of the Xia, Shang and the Zhou Dynasties. It has dominated a feudal society that inessence has lasted 2000 years and it has influence over the history, social structure and the people of China can't be over looked
They had a writing system with symbols
Developed the first Chinese calendar
They had advanced cities and written legal codes
Traded salt, iron, fish, cattle, and silk
The Silk Road was famous route between China and the Mediterranean
They invented the compass, paper making, and gunpowder
Trade and Achievements
Mandate of Heaven
It was formed by the Zhou Dynasty
They told people the Gods told them to rule
They could rule as long as they weren't selfish
Had 4 principles
Right to rule granted by heaven
There was only one heaven so they had one ruler
Right to rule based on virture of ruler
Right to rule limited to one dynasty
Chinese Civil Service
This service system created an empire that provided stability for 2,000 years
They influenced others like Asia and Western countries
they thought education was important
Recruiting people was based on merit rather than family or political connections
They helped strengthen the whole of China
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