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Writing an Objective Summary

Recap of what we have been working on in class for the last couple of days. Title it, verb it, big picture and jot dots.
by

Melinda Reshetar

on 26 April 2018

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Transcript of Writing an Objective Summary

Writing an Objective Summary
Be significantly shorter than the original text
Contain significant paraphrasing rather than directly copied words, phrases, and sentences
Include the key ideas in order
Leave out most details
Leave out personal opinion
Leave out outside info not drawn from the selection
Not have a formal conclusion
A Summary should:
Include too much or too little info
Plagiarizing
Sequencing events or information
Remembering to state what is being summarized
Getting stuck in one part of the piece
Separating interesting from important
Why do students struggle
with summary?
* Name it
Five-Part Objective Summary

defines
shows
describes
explains
discusses
List of verbs:
lists
explores
illustrates
teaches
compares
Don' t ever use "is about." Elevate your writing!
Jot dots are an opportunity to sort through the selection and pull out three to
six
key ideas/events that are important to the selection.
These points must be presented in
chronological order or the order they appeared in the original text
.
Step #4: "Jot Dots"
Here is the information for the article called "A Reward for Heroism,"
Let's Look at an example:
#1: Name It
#2: Verb It
#3: Big Picture
The article, "A Reward for Heroism"
explains
how the Medal of Honor has been awarded to brave American soldiers through many wars.
#4: Jot Dots
Highest military honor
reward for heroism
all wars but the Persian Gulf
WWII soldier kill 11 Germans
thrown themselves on grenades
The article, "A Reward for Heroism"

explains

how the Medal of Honor has been awarded to brave American soldiers through many wars.

Example summary from that information:
You will notice the first sentence is your
MAIN IDEA STATEMENT
- which includes Name it, Verb it, BIG PICTURE.
The
jot dots
were made into full and complete sentences. ALL of that together makes an
OBJECTIVE SUMMARY.
Take your time and follow ALL the steps!
Textual Support
What is it? Quotes from the text!
Why use it? It elevates your writing
Using facts or excerpts from the article if it is nonfiction OR quotes from the text if it is fiction
Only use if it fits with what you are writing, don't leave a quote just hanging there!
Review this Prezi as often as needed.
It is the highest military honor bestowed for heroism in combat. Brave soldiers in all wars except the Persian Gulf war have received it .
Your job is to write an
objective summary
that gives the reader the key information found in the text.
You are writing a summary so a person can decide if they want or need to read the rest of the article.
#1
#2
Verb it:
Carefully choose from a list of verbs, don't be limited by any list I give you, it is just a start!

Big picture
States the central/main idea of the selection

Identify the WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY or HOW first help to clarify the central/main idea or "big picture"
STEP #3
STEP #2
* VERB IT
#3
* BIG PICTURE (main idea)
#4
Jot Dots (key details)
#5
Put it ALL together
WHY?????
#1 Name it
What is the title of the text?
#5
Main Idea statement
Start by rereading the article.
Highlight
the first and last sentence in each paragraph …. (The BUNs)
Reread the highlighted sentences ONLY to determine the
BIG picture
(who, what, where, why,when, and how)

Let's Look at an example:
Here is the information for the article called "A Reward for Heroism,"
#1: Name It
The article, "A Reward for Heroism"
#1: Name It
#2: Verb It
The article, "A Reward for Heroism"
explains
#1: Name It
#2: Verb It
explains
The article, "A Reward for Heroism"
#3: Big Picture
how the Medal of Honor has been awarded to brave American soldiers through many wars.
Go back through
the article and
highlight
(in a different color) 3- 5 key facts/ideas that support the FORMAL MAIN IDEA STATEMENT. These facts would be
found in the middle
of the paragraphs
(The
MEAT
of the article)

Use those 3-5 jot dots to create 2-3 sentences.
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