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Transcript of Corporate America
: Is the impact of corporate America on third world countries a positive or negative influence? Argument 1: Brings , , and into the third world country's community Thesis: Corporate America is a positive influence on third world countries because the employment these corporations provide improves standards of living, leads to improved education, and improves the economy of developing nations Argument 2: Provides developmental progress to third world countries. Argument 3: Beneficial to the third world countries economy. Corporate America Developing Developed Background Information Corporate America: an informal phrase that describes the world of corporations within the United States. It is usually associated with greed, money, and self-interest Third world country: Today often used to roughly describe the developing countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America.
For example, Bangledash and Brazil. Newly industrialized country: Countries whose economies have not yet reached First World status but have, in a macroeconomic sense, outpaced their developing counterparts. For example, China and Brazil Corporate America became involved in third world countries starting in the 1950's-60's when companies started searching overseas for cheap labour and production. Background Information According to the US Department of Labor, a sweatshop is any
factory that violates more than one of the fundamental US labor
laws, which include paying a minimum wage and keeping a time
card, paying overtime, and paying on time. FOCUSING IN... Pro-Sweatshop Anti-Sweatshop on the anti-sweatshop side:
Bad working conditions for workers.
Long work hours
Negative on Environment and the health of the Community
Paid low wages
And on the Pro-Sweatshop side:
Improves the conditions in developing countries
Better than the alternative jobs
Provide more jobs, and therefore more money for the country
Brings in technology
International Bonds and trade prosper
Economy of developing countries improves
May cause an industrial boom
Sweatshop by George Biddle, design for mural at U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C., around 1935 Front page of The World,
New York City, March 26, 1911
Courtesy Library of Congress
Early 1900's Garment Factories
African American and
immigrant Workers Middle 1900's Contract shops and manufacturers
Fire causes questioning of Labour practices Wagner Labor Relations Act (which protected labor organizing), and the Fair Labor Standards Act are put in place. Late 1900's Growth in clothing industry Strict government regulations, and labour unions push companies out of the Cities, and then South out of America Soon companies moved overseas toJapan Then from Japan to Korea and Taiwan And finally to China and Indonesia Starting to face negative media and social pressure Present Factories are now prevalent in Vietnam Still facing media pressure Abuse and bad working conditions continue Some factories are forced to close, or relocate Who knows what the future holds I'll give you a job paying 30$ and hour, that is safer than any other job around
But people from another country come in and close the factory because it is not "good enough" for me. Is that fair? Putting Sweatshops into context: “‘I dream of a job in a factory,’ said Noroz Khan, who lives on a garbage dump and spends his days searching for metal that he can sell to recyclers. He earns about $1.40 a day, and children earn just 30 cents a day for scrounging barefoot in the filth — a few feet away from us, birds were pecking at the bloated carcass of a cow, its feet in the air.” (Kristof) A third world view on sweatshops: “Newly Industrialized Country”- a country formerly classified as less developed, but which is becoming rapidly industrialized. (Hutchinson Encyclopedia). Many times America has to thank for this rapid industrialization.
For example: HONG KONG For example: East Asia Corporate America + Third World= Decreased Poverty For Example: East Asia F For Example: East Asia
Many shoe factories are pulling out of Indonesia: “At its peak in 1996, Indonesia exported 250 million pairs of shoes valued at nearly $2.2 billion. Last year , it was $1.5 billion and falling” (Footwear Is Fleeing Indonesia, Raising Competition Questions). Sweatshops The national poverty rate jumped from 17.5% (1996) to 27.1% (1999) in Indonesia
(The World Bank). Poverty “According to a 1997 UNICEF study, 5,000 to 7,000 Nepalese children turned to prostitution after the U.S. banned that country’s carpet exports in the 1990s, and after the Child Labor Deterrence Act was introduced in the US, an estimated 50,000 children were dismissed from their garment industry jobs in Bangladesh, leaving many to resort to jobs such as “stone-crushing, street hustling, and prostitution.” (Puspita). vbjuilebgegle Vietnam, for example, between the years of 1996 and 2002 the percentage of Nike footwear produced rose for 2% to 15%, a 13% increase (Dhume, and Tkacik). There is a probable connection between this increase, and the increase of Vietnam’s literacy rate: 83.8% in 1979 to 92.5% in 2008 (The World Bank). Sweatshops Literacy China will surpass the United States economically by 2025, which will make the Asian giant the world's No.1 economic power. China will maintain sustained growth and it will be 1.3 times as big as the American economy by 2050,” (China.org.cn).
20 percent of China's exports go to the United States (The World Bank). For Example: China Global Connections