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Causes of World War I

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by

Dasha Goubkine

on 24 September 2014

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Transcript of Causes of World War I

1890
1900
1920
1880
Causes of World War I
1882
In 1882 Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy signed an alliance
The TRIPLE ALLIANCE
They were also called the Central Powers
1894
The Franco - Russian Alliance
1904
The Entente Cordiale
1907
ANGLO-RUSSIAN ENTENTE
Long
Term
Causes
Easy way to remember
M.A.I.N
(As in main long term causes)
M
ilitarism/Arms Race
Means the attempt to build up a strong army and navy gave nations the means and will to inflict war.
The growing European tension had led to an arms race between the main countries.
There was fierce competition between France and Germany.
Britain and Germany were also in competition for mastery of the seas.
A
lliance
An agreement made between two or more countries to give each other help and support.
Many alliances were signed between 1879 and 1914.
This was important because that meant if a country wanted to declare war all of their allies would have no option but to fight with them.
Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy formed the Triple Alliance.
France, Britain and Russia formed the Triple Entente.
By 1907 Europe was divided into two armed camps.
Imperialism is when a country takes over new lands or countries and makes them subjects to their ruling.
With the rise of industrialism, countries needed new markets.
By 1900, the British Empire extended over five continents and France had control of large areas of Africa.
This increased rivalry with Germany because it started acquiring colonies late and had few areas.
I
mperialism
Means national pride for your country, the belief that your country is better than others. This made nations assertive and aggressive.
People would come to extreme action or war, to support their country
For example Serbian nationalism was extremely high due to political issues with Austria-Hungary and Bosnia.
(The Bosnian terrorist group sided with Serbia succeeded to kill Archduke Franz Ferdinand )
N
ationalism

Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
He was killed at the hands of the Black Hand ( a Serbian nationalist secret society)

1914
June 29th, 1914
Austria-Hungary blames Serbia for the assassination and wants revenge.

July 5th, 1914
Germany promises to back Austria-Hungary
When the German Kaiser Wilhelm leant Austria-Hungary's wish to attack on Serbia, he pledged support even if it means war with Russia.


July 23rd, 1914
Austria-Hungary is the first to send an ultimatum to the Serbian Government
The rejection of their demands would result in war
The Serbian Government rejects the ultimatum and war becomes inevitable despite Britain's Bid for Peace on the 26th of July.
July 28th, 1914
Austria Hungary declares war on Serbia
July 30th, 1914
Russia Mobilizes against Austria-Hungary and Germany
The Tsar Nicholas II is convinced that Russia must protect Serbia as their self-appointed guardian because they cannot look weak.
July 31st, 1914
Germany sends Russia an ultimatum
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Russia responds with mobilization which is reported to the German Kaiser Wilhelm II.
Germany sends an ultimatum demanding that they stop all mobilization or face war.
Russia refuses.


Map of Europe June and July 1914
Map of Europe-August 1914
Maps of How the WWI Quickly Spread
THE END

Hope you found what you needed :)
July 31st, 1914
Germany prepares to fight on both fronts
Russia and France surround Germany, since they are allies they use the pretext of war to encircle Germany.
France must mobilize because of Germany's mobilization

August 1st, 1914
Germany declares war on Russia
Since Russia's response to the ultimatum was refusal the Kaiser then decided to declare war.

England and France became allies
August 2nd, 1914
Germany's invasion of Belgium to attack France- August 2, 1914
Germany asked Belgium to step aside and provide safe passage through their country
An ultimatum was sent to Belgium.
It demanded free passage of the German army through Belgium, or else they would go to war.
Since they said no, Germany would consider them enemies, Belgium now on the side of the allies.

Short Term Causes
August 3rd, 1914
Germany Declares War on France
August 4th, 1914
Britain felt they had to stop the German advance so they also declared war on them
Britain had to protect Belgium's neutrality and Independence

MAPS, LEADERS AND FLAGS
OF THE COUNTRIES THAT INITIATED WAR
Germany:
June 28th, 1914
The assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Kaiser Wilhelm II








(1888-1918)
Serbia:
Serbia  Peter I (1903-1921)
And so on and so on





World War 1 unfolds
Russia:
Tsar Nicholas II (1894-1918)
This treaty lead to the formation of the
TRIPLE ENTENTE
Now Europe was
divided into to sides
Also called the "Allies"
During WWI
Austria-Hungary:
Franz Joseph I (1848-1916)
Britain:
George V (1865-1936)
Italy:
Victor Emmanuel III (1900-1946)
BY:
Anna Buraya
and
Dasha Goubkine
Full transcript