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Politics and Economics
Transcript of Politics and Economics
Democratic Systems - accountability of the government to the citizens and a large degree of control by individuals over their own lives. Economics Market systems/Capitalism - individual planning and private ownership of property with less governmental coordination or oversight
Planned systems - state-based planning and control of property
Mixed economics - balance societal needs and individual freedoms Types of Economic Systems Survey Results The social institution that determines and exercises power relations in society Politics The social institution that deals with production and distribution of goods and services. Power
Micro - individuals and family groups
Meso- state and provincial governments
Macro- international organizations
Nongovernmental Theories Regarding Power Symbolic interaction Theory
Loyalty to power of state through national symbols.
(e.g. flags and anthems)
Power is distributed among various groups so that no one group rules
Unions and environmental organizations act to keep power from being concentrated in the hands of an elite few
(e.g. Greenpeace, Common Cause, Earth First!, Focus on the Family, etc)
Armed conflict occurring within, between, or among societies or groups
Leaders use moral, religious, or political ideology to legitimize war
Deterrence is used to discourage and avoid war but is extremely expensive Theories regarding war Structural-Functional Theory
Underlying social problems cause disruptions to the system, including war, terrorism, and revolution
War can also bring populations together behind a cause, resulting in social solidarity
War, terrorism, and revolution are the outcome of oppression by the ruling elite and an attempt to overthrow that oppression Terrorism Elite Theory
It is inevitable that a small group of elite individuals will rule societies
C. Wright Mills stated that "there's an inevitable but interlocking power elite in U.S. society consisting of leaders in military, business, and political sphere" War The ability of people or groups to realize their own will in group action, even against resistance of others who disagree.
3 power arenas
Legitimate power - referred to as "authority"
Illegitimate power - living under force of a military regime or being imprisoned without charge Levels of Power The use of indiscriminate violence, which can cause mass fear and panic, intimidate citizens, and advance a group's political goals
Terrorist are members of groups that are highly committed to an ideology or a cause Key Points Survey Results Cont'd Politics and economics rely heavily on power
Both political and economical matters have an impact on our personal lives(micro), our organizations(meso), and our national and global structures and policies(macro)
Many theories attempt to explain the use of politics at the various levels of social structure
War and terrorism are results of political and economical power