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Amur Leopard

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on 10 April 2014

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Transcript of Amur Leopard

Amur Leopard



Jimmy Sentz
6A - 1

Habitat
The Amur leopard at one time could be found in any area that supplied enough coverage in a temperate forest and in the cold mountains. These areas had harsh winters with extreme cold and deep snow, as well as hot summers. The Amur leopard could survive both climates. Before the loss of its habitat and hunting, it used to be found in the Amur River Basin and in the mountains of northeastern China and in the Korean peninsula.

Interesting Facts
The rarest cat on Earth

It is on the extremely endangered list

The Amur leopard can run at speeds of up to 37 miles per hour

The Amur leopard can leap more than 19 feet horizontally and up to 10 feet vertically
Amur Leopard's Diet in the Wild
The Amur is a carnivore. In the wild, it eats roe deer and sika deers, small wild boars, along with hares, badgers and raccoon dogs



Habitat
However today, it only survives in an isolated population in Russia’s Far East. Conservationist believe that there may be a few Amur leopards in the Jilin Province of northeast China and the Primorye region of southeastern Russia.
Amur Leopard's Diet in Zoos
In captive habitats or zoos they eat a carnivore diet which includes bones, vitamins, cat food, goats milk, small prey items and enrichment treats.
The Amur Leopard is only found in the Primorye region of Russia

A 2007 consensus counted only 14 to 20 adults and 5 to 6 cubs left in the wild

They live for 10-15 years, and in captivity up to 20 years
Interesting Facts
Interesting Facts
The spots on a leopards coat are called rosettes - rose like
It gets a long winter coat, which is a light color in the winter
The summer coat is more reddish-yellow
It also has longer legs for walking through snow.

Work Cited
"Amur Leopard." - Saving Wildlife. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
"Amur Leopard." ALTA Conservation RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
"Amur Leopard Conservation." WAZA Conservation Projects : WAZA : World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
"Amur Leopard Factfile." ALTA Conservation RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
"Amur Leopard (Panthera Pardus Orientalis)." Amur Leopard Video. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
"Help Save Last 30 Amur Leopards from Extinction." GlobalGiving. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
"Interesting Facts - Amur Leopard." Amur Leopard. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
"Tigris Foundation Dedicated to the Survival of the Amur Tiger and Leopard in the Wild : UK HOME." Tigris Foundation Dedicated to the Survival of the Amur Tiger and Leopard in the Wild : UK HOME. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
WorldWildlife.org. World Wildlife Fund, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.

Winter Coat
Summer Coat
It is nocturnal and solitary
Males typically stay with females after mating, and may help raise their young
Some males fight over females to keep them to themselves
The Amur Leopard breeds in spring and early summer
The litter size ranges from 1 to 4 cubs
The cubs are weaned from their mother at three months old
The cubs leave their mother at one-and-a-half to two years old

Interesting Facts
Extra Credit
Population Estimates

The distribution of the Amur leopard has been reduced drastically from the original range

At one time it extended throughout northeastern China, including Jilin and Heilongjiang Provinces, and throughout the Korean Peninsula
its range in Russia was dramatically reduced during the seventies, losing about 80% of its former range.

Today, the Amur leopard inhabits about 5,000 km²

The last remaining viable wild population, estimated 20-25 Amur Leopards in a small area in the Russian Province of Primorsky Krai, between Vladivostok and the Chinese border.

In China, 7-12 are thought to remain.

In South Korea, the last record of an Amur leopard dates back to 1969, when a leopard was captured on the slopes of Odo Mountain, in South Kyongsang Province.

Extra Credit
Survival Trends
The protection of Amur leopards and prey species has improved a lot and the population has started to increase. The future looks much better for Amur leopards. This is because of the following:

Camtrap Counts which record and watch the Amur Leopards and to count their numbers to ensure the safety of them
National Parks were formed in the range of the Amur Leopard to help them survive
Fire Management projects which has helped reduce fires in the range 99% so that the Amur Leopard habitat is safe
Improved Anti-Poaching laws which reward patrols for increasing the safety of the Amur Leopard and have less killings for their fur
Reintroduction program with the Moscow authorities to bring the Amur Leopard into their natural habitat

Reasons Amur Leopards are Endangered
Forest habitats have been removed by fire or removing of trees
Local Farmers kill the leopards because they have hunted their farm animals due to the loss of their own prey
Amur Leopards are poached for their fur
They are illegally traded for their fur

Reasons that it is
Important to Save the Species
The World Wildlife Federation believes that the Amur Leopards should be saved for their ecosystem or for people. The following are some reasons why the Amur Leopard should be saved:

For the ecosystem -
They are a key element in the food chain because they control the deer population
They help regenerate and maintain the habitat
The broader conservation needs of balancing out our ecosystem between plants and animals

For people -
To stop the exploitation commercially
Balancing of human development and land preservation

Reasons Amur Leopards are Endangered
It also has been hunted for the bones that are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine

The ranges where they live are very vulnerable to events such as epidemics or large wildfire

Economic development, including the building of an oil pipeline, threatens the habitats

Extra Credit: Possible Solutions to Help This Species Survive
Several foundations such as the Phoenix Project and the World Wildlife Federation are working with highly skilled, mobile, law enforcement team with key equipment and daily allowance for regular anti-poaching patrols to be conducted in the Leopard Land

There are efforts to protect the ecosystem of the forest by educating the populations in the areas they live

Cameras have been set up to monitor the Amur Leopards in the wild

Extra Credit: Possible Solutions to Help This Species Survive
Firebreak systems have been installed to prevent fires

Zoos work with conservationist by having breeding programs to help repopulate the Amur Leopards

Fundraising to raise money to support the efforts of the organizations trying to save the Amur Leopards
Potential Damage to the Environment if the Amur Leopard is Extinct
The animal population would become uneven such the deer population would become too large

Biodiversity which is the balance of plants and trees in habitats would be out of balance

The food chain would become unbalanced

Panthera pardus orientalis

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view the contents of, and Material on, the website; download and retain copies of the Material on their personal systems in digital form in low resolution for their own personal use; teachers, lecturers and students may incorporate the Material in their educational material (including, but not limited to, their lesson plans, presentations, worksheets and projects) in hard copy and digital format for use within a registered educational establishment, provided that the integrity of the Material is maintained and that copyright ownership and authorship is appropriately acknowledged by the End User.
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