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Edward Snowden

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Zosha Millman

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden
What happened?
Late 2012: Snowden gave sensitive information about NSA to Glenn Greenwald of The Guardian anonymously.
June 9, 2013: Edward Snowden revealed his identity to The Guardian in Hong Kong, and accepted an intervire regarding NSA surveillance.

June 23, 2013: U.S revoked Snowden's Passport, Snowden then traveled to Moscow. Russia detained Snowden in the transit terminal of Moscow International Airport.
August 1, 2013: Russia granted Snowden's asylum request.

August 15, 2013: Washington Post revealed that NSA had broken U.S law 2776 times between 2011 and 2012. NYT further claimed that NSA agents eavesdropped love interests.

November 4, 2013: U.S government refused to grant Snowden Clemency.

November 19, 2013: NSA admitted that it had violated laws and policies.
Reactions: Government and Media
Democratic Senator Ron Wyden: "Privacy protections that don't actually protect privacy are not worth the paper they are printed on."

Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein: Until recently Feinstein was pro the bulk of the information that the NSA was collecting. Saying "This is called protecting America."
Called Snowden's actions treasonous, saying "I don't look at this as being a whistle-blower. I think it's an act of treason."
After it was revealed that the US had been using this info to spy on friendly governments she changed her stance.

Keith Alexander: Acting director of the NSA and pioneer of the "collect it all approach". Has refused to limit the NSA's power and has said that all problems can be solved internally.

Whistleblower or Traitor?
What's next?

In our world of technology and social media is what he did right? Is what he did wrong?

Is this an example of the fifth estate?

Is anything we do actually private?

Who is Edward Snowden?
American computer specialist
A former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee and former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor who disclosed a large number of top secret NSA documents to several media outlets .
The leaked documents revealed operational details of a global surveillance apparatus run by the NSA and along with numerous commercial and international partners.
What did Snowden reveal?
Snowden revealed to the public:
Original FISA court order that demand Verizon to release phone call metadata.
PowerPoint slides regarding "PRISM" program, "Upstream" program, "SYANPSE" model.
U.S and U.K are secretly spying on:
Ordinary citizens of United States, China, Pakistan, Belgium, France, Italy, Spain, Vatican, numerous Latin America states and more.
The leaders of Brazil, Mexico, India, Germany, Spain, Italy and other 35 world leaders.
EU offices around the world, UN office, International Atomic Energy Agency.
Foreign diplomats and embassies.
Fiber optics cables that pass through U.S and U.K
Even on computers that are offline !!!

Epoca newsmagazine claimed that U.S had been using information gathered by NSA for diplomacy, instead of national security.

"The shrill brigade of his critics say Mr. Snowden has done profound damage to intelligence operations of the United States, but none has presented the slightest proof that his disclosures really hurt the nation’s security." -NY Times

"I didn’t want to change society. I wanted to give society a chance to determine if it should change itself. All I wanted was for the public to be able to have a say in how they are governed." -Snowden, in The Washington Post
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 is a United States federal law which prescribes procedures for the physical and electronic surveillance and collection of "foreign intelligence information" between "foreign powers" and "agents of foreign powers."
Supposed to regulate NSA; oversee all intelligence agencies for requests of surveillance inside U.S. so that the NSA is not allowed to do any spy activity inside U.S.A.
Later in 2000s, Patriot Act and other documents gave NSA power to spy within the U.S.; twisted legal intentions
Congress/Senate do not have access to all of the intelligence information
"If European cloud customers cannot trust the United States government, then maybe they won't trust U.S. cloud providers either," Neelie Kroes, European commissioner for digital affairs
About 10 percent of non-U.S. companies have canceled contracts with American cloud providers since the NSA spying program was disclosed
U.S. cloud providers could lose as much as $35 billion over the next three years as fears over U.S. government surveillance prompt foreign customers to transfer their data to cloud companies in other countries
Election officials in India canceled a deal with Google to improve voter registration. In China, sales of Cisco routers dropped 10 percent in a recent quarter. European regulators threatened to block AT&T's purchase of the wireless provider Vodafone.
And more...
Reactions: Government and Media
Reports that the NSA have been spying on German Chancellor, Angela Merkel's, phone conversations, as well as the private conversations of millions of French citizens enraged Europe.
Both Chancellor Merkel and French President Francois Hollande are calling for transatlantic rules on intelligence and have demanded a meeting by the end of the year.

Not all of Europe is upset by these revelations, the PM of England, David Cameron, thinks these are necessary evils. Saying "What Mr. Snowden has in effect done...is going to make it a lot more difficult to keep our countries and our citizens safe."

President Obama initially defended the NSA. Stating there was a balance between citizens right to privacy and the needs of national security.
However, after the scope of the surveillance was made public the White House expressed support for "the idea that we need to make some reforms."
Reactions: Government and Media
"The debate has raged across time zones: from the US and Latin America to Europe and to Asia. Barack Obama canceled a trip to Moscow in protest at Russian president Vladimir Putin's protection of Snowden. Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff canceled a state visit to Washington in protest at the US spying on her. Bolivian president Evo Morales's plane was forced down in Vienna amid suspicion that Snowden was being smuggled out of Russia."
-The Guardian
Reaction: Government and Media
The Media has had a very interesting reaction to the Snowden story. Instead of focusing on the facts, often they choose to sensationalize the story.


The discourse in the public became is Snowden a Hero or Traitor?
Full transcript