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Transcript of CHAP 7
Senate Committees House Committee Substansive committees
Select Committees Senate Committees Standing committees
Special Interim committees Substansive Committee consider bills and resolutions relating to the subject identified by a committee’s name (for example, elections or transportation). Procedural Committees consider bills and resolutions relating primarily to an internal legislative matter. (Exp. The Calendars Committee determines when a bill will be considered by the full house.) Select Committees created independently by the Speaker, a select committee may work on emergency legislation early in a session before substantive committees are appointed Standing Committee appointed by the lieutenant governor for the purpose of considering proposed bills and resolutions prior to possible floor debate and voting by senators Special interim Committee appointed by the lieutenant governor to study an important policy issue between regular sessions. Senate Committee Details As president of the Senate the lieutenant governor appoints all committee chairs and vice chairs for each committee
This power of appointment also extends to three 5-member standing committees
(Emerging Technologies and economic Development; Higher Education; and Agriculture, Rural Affairs and Coastal Resources) and two 3- Member standing committees (Flooding and Evacuation, and Base Realignment and Closure).
A senator serves on a maximum of three standing committees and is restricted to holding not more than one standing committee Legislative Caucus System Party Caucuses
Ideological Caucuses Legislative Caucus -An organization of legislative who seek to maximize their influence over issues in which they have a common interest. Background Information Party Caucus The House Democratic caucus was organized in 1981.
The House Republican Caucus was organized in 1989. Racial/Ethnic Caucuses The Legislative Black Caucus- concentrates on issues affecting African Americans Texans.
The Mexican Legislative Caucus- concentrates on issues affecting the Mexican American Texans. Ideological Caucuses Conservative organizations attracts Republicans and conservative Democrats.
Liberal group appeals to many Democrats and several members of the Legislative Black Caucus and the Mexican American Legislative Caucus.
Texas Conservative Coalition is made up of both Republicans and Democrats.
Legislative Study Group represents liberal Democrats’ response to the Texas Conservative Coalition. Compensation Salary
Per Diem Allowance
Contingency Expense Allowances
Retirement Pension Salary Currently $7,200.00 per year.
Voted on by the people.
Salary has not been adjusted since 1975. Per Diem Allowance $168.00 per day during regular session of 140 days. ($23,520)
Covers meals and lodging. Contingency Expense Allowences Covers Travel within the state, postage , office and staff.
HOUSE-$11,750 per month credited to the operating account.
SENATE- $37,000 per month Retirement Pension A. Set under the terms of the State
Employee Retirement Act of 1975
Equals 2.3% of a district judge salary for each year of service. ($125,000)
2.8 years of service is $23,000 per year
B.An Overview of Texas Political History
1.1840s to 1870s: The Origin of the Party System
2.1870s to 1970s: A Dominant One-Party System
3.1970s to 1990s: An Emerging Two-Party System
4.2000 to 2006: Republican Dominance
E.Independents Procedure 1. President of the Senate: The Lieutenant Governor
2. Speaker of the House
3. Committee System
b)Senate Committees Caucuses 1.Party Caucuses
Legislative Black Caucus
Mexican American Legislative Caucus How a Bill Becomes a Law A.Introduction (House)
B.First Reading and Referral to Committee
C.Committee Consideration and Report
F.First Reading (Senate)
G.Senate Committee Consideration and Report
H.Second Reading (Senate)
I.Third Reading (Senate)
J.Return to the House
L.Conference Committee Report
N.Signature of the Chief Clerk and Speaker
O.Signatures of Secretary of the Senate and Lieutenant Governor
P.Action by the Governor
1.Legislature in Session
2.Legislature Not in Session
Q.Carrying the bill Powers and Immunities Legislative Powers
Immunities Legislative Powers Simple Resolutions
Bills Simple Resoultions H.R. or S.R. depending on House
Acted by one house and not sent to governor Concurrent Resolutions H.C.R or S.C.R.
Sent to governor is veto or sign Joint Resolutions H.J.R. of S.J.R.
Approval by both houses but not governor Bills H.B. or S.B.
c.Local Other Powers Constitutional Amendment Power
Impeachment Power Immunities May not be sued for slander/statments made in any speeches or during a debate during a course of legislative procedure
May not be arrested while in action in dealing with any legislative actions unless being charged with treason/felony/breach of the peace POS: Lt. Governor Statewide election for four year terms
$350 per day
Involved legislative matters Speaker of the House Elected by House membership for two-year terms
Control proceedings in House
Texas Ethics Commission Influences Within the Legislative Environment Governor
Judges, Attorney General, and Comptroller of Publics Accounts
The Media Governor Executive Veto
Oppsition on Bills
Campagin promises Judges, the Attorney General and the Comptroller of Public Accounts State and federal judge actions
Attonery General opinion(s)
Comptroller influence with finance Lobbyists "Special Interest " Groups
Supplying information and serving as links w/ organized groups
Spending of large amount of money to induce legislative action Research Organizations The Texas Legislative Council - www.tlc.state.tx.us Authorizies speical research projects
About fourteen officers reside on council The House Research Organization- www.hro.house.state.tx.us Bipartisan committee of 15 elected by House membership for four year terms
Produces reports of various policy issues The Senate Research Center - www.senate.state.tx.us/src/index.htm Organized under secretary of the Senate
Analyzes bills under consideration by the Senate
Conducts research on diverse issues
Main focus is respoding to request made by Senate members for either research and information Independent Providers The Center for Public Policy Priorities - www.cppp.org Founded in 1985
Principle Focus on problems of low and moderate income families The Texas Public Policy Foundation - www.tppf.org Established in 1989 in San Antonio
Focuses on research on issues supporting limited government, free enterprise, private property rights and individual responsibility The Media Newspapers
Radio Preliminary View Senators and Representatives
In Jan of every odd number of year, Texas Legislators; create, debate, and enact laws in the 79th regular session. Legislative Framework Composition
Election and Terms of Office
Electing New House of Representatives and Senate
Two Kinds of Sessions Composition -Representative Government- All state constitutions, Texans entrusted enactment of bills and adoption of resolutions to popularly elected legislators.
-Bicameral: 2 chambers or house. Larger Legislative Chamber- Texas is called the House of Representatives.
Remaining States terms are the House of Delegates or General assembly.
Smaller Legislative Chamber- Called the Senate. Election and Terms of Office Representatives- Serve 2 years
Senators- Serve 4 years Electing New House of Representatives and Senate Mid 2006 and 2003 Constitutional Amendment
Expelling a Legislator
A Special Election
Example- Year of House of Rep, 2001 Year of Senate November 2002 Two Types of Sessions 1) Regular Session/Biennial Session- Begins the second Tuesday in January each odd numbered year
Legislative sessions- mean big money for many Austin businesses.
2) Special Sessions- A legislative session called by the governor and last’s no longer than 30 day’s each. Districting Legislative district boundaries must be redrawn periodically to ensure equal representation.
Redistricting- Redrawing of Boundaries to create districts with approximately equal population legislative congressional and commissioners court districts in Texas.
Single-Member Districts- Are always represented by members of Texas Senate.
-A few Big-City Senatorial Districts are formed from territory of one county.
Multi-Member Districts- Until 1971, Texas County with 2 or more seats in the House used multimember districts to elect Representatives at large. Presiding Officers President of the State :Lt. Governor
Speaker of the House David Dewhurst Joe Straus Membership Qualifications Of Members
Characteristics of Members Qualifications of Members Citizens of the US
Qualifed Texas Voter
Resident of district represeting for one year State Qaulifications House:
Resided in Texas for 2 years before being elected
A tleast 21 yrs old
Resided in Texas for 5 years before being elected
At least 26 yrs old Characteristics of Members Typical Texas legislatior :
Anglo Protestant Male
30-50 yrs old
Born in Texas
Served one or more previous terms of office Gender Classification
Political Party Affiliation
Religious Affiliation/Legislative Experience