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Osteoporosis

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by

Hailey Scott

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis By Hailey Scott & Jessica Topper works cited http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Bone_Health/bone_health_for_life.asp#2 http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/osteoporosis.html There is no cure for Osteoporosis but it can be treated. Some drugs such as Alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate, and zoledronic acid slow bone loss by decreasing the activity of osteoclast and in some cases increase bone density. For women, taking estrogen or other menopausal and postmenopausal treatments that control hormones can also decrease or eliminate the rate of osteoporosis. ~Risk Factors of Osteoporosis~
You Can Control:
Diet and Exercise: Little to no physical activity can increase yours chances, as well as having little calcium in your diet. Bones become stronger with exercise. A low body weight can also be a risk.
Smoking and Drinking: By smoking cigarettes, your body may not make use of the calcium you take in.
Medicine: Certain prescribed medications can cause bone loss. A type of medicine called Glucocortiocoids are prescribed to help arthritis and other diseases. It can increase your risk because it causes bone loss.

You Cannot Control:
Age: people who are older have a higher risk
Gender: Women are at a higher risk than men because they have smaller bones due to constant hormone changes.
Ethnicity/ Family History: White women and Asian women have the highest risk. Having someone in your immediate or close family that has had osteoporosis or low bone density may put you at a higher risk What Is Osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a bone disease that makes human bones brittle, weak and more likely to break. It is the most common bone disease and anyone can develope it. Osteoporosis is when more bone is broken down by osteoclasts than replaced by osteoblasts. This happens as people age and is usually due to a shortage of calcium or other minerals. Many people don't know they have osteoporosis because there are no symptoms until a bone fracture occurs. This is why Osteoporosis is known as the silent disease. Unless you consult your doctor, osteoporosis may not be recognized right away. Risk Factors Risk factors include old age, having a tall and thin physique, a family history of osteoporosis, taking certain medicines that can affect bone density, being a women of white descent, a poor diet with low calcium and vitamin D levels, and having low bone density. Symptoms?.... No. Symptoms?.... No. Risk Factors Treatment Take the Bone Density Test! Just A Fracture? - Your first fracture may be an early sign that you may have osteoporosis. Fractures can weaken the bone, essentially increasing your risk of developing the bone disease. Even though there are no definite symptoms of osteoporosis, a person who has it may experience dull pain throughout their body (particularly the back, neck, chest, ribs, hips, or wrists). http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00281 Women are at a greater risk... why: Women start out with a lower bone density than men and lose bone mass more quickly as they age. Also, estrogen helps keep bones strong and healthy and after menopause bone loss greatly increases http://www.everydayhealth.com/osteoporosis/osteoporosis-and-gender.aspx 68% of people who have osteoporosis are women More Facts... 1 in 2 women over the age of 50 will have an osteoporosis related fracture but for men, it's 1 in 4 Over 40 million people are diagnosed with or at a high risk of having osteoporosis each year As a key part of keeping up to date with your bone health, many older people get tested on their bone density. It is usually needed for people who have risk factors or a family history of osteoporosis. This test is called the dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan. This scan immediately tells you if you have osteoporosis, and can help the doctor decide the treatment, which in most cases is with drugs. This test can also recognize mild bone loss, also called osteopenia. This occurs before osteoporosis. medlineplus.org The End!
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