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Jose Rizal's Arrest and Trials
Transcript of Jose Rizal's Arrest and Trials
AUGUST 6, 1896
Rizal Arrive in Manila Bay
The steamer Espania carrying
Rizal, his wife, five family members, and six Dapitan Students.
Rizal was transferred to a spanish cruise ship name Castilla. His wife Josephine; sister, Narcisa; niece, Angelice; his nephews and students were
realeased and allow to stay with other
members of Rizal's Family in a
house in Manila.
Rizal stayed on board the
said cruise ship, Castilla,
from August 6 to September 2, 1896,
while waiting for the steamer
which would bring him to spain
First few days of
August 1896, the
by Emilio Jacinto tried to rescue Rizal, however, refused their rescue offer and reasoned out that his escape might him appear like a commonn criminal.
August 26, 1896,
Andres Bonifacio and
through a battle cry now known as the " CRY OF BALINTAWAK".
On August 30, 1896,
he receive a letter from
Governor General Ramon
Blanco with a good wishes
for him. The two recommendation letters addressed to the
Minister of War and
Minister of Colonies of Spain.
Rizal was transferred to
the steamer Isla de Panay, Which
left for Spain on September 3, 1896.
Rizal was confident from Spain,
he would be brought to Cuba
as military doctor to fulfill his
humanitarian offer; that is to take care
of the needs of the Spanish troops
and the Cubans affected by the
On seventh of
September 1896, the Isla
de Panay, reached Singapore
a British Colony. Don Pedro Roxas who was with him in the steamer and other Filipino friends in Singapore tried to persuade him to escape the cluthes of the Spaniards.
Rizal was placed
under arrest by Captain
Alemany on September 30, 1896
confined to his
cabin after the said arrest, and was
treated as a prisoner
October 3, 1896, their steamer
arrived in Barcelona, Spain.
Rizal remained on the steamer for three
days and was transferred on October 6, 1896
to the Montjuich Castle early in the morning.
who ordered his exile to Dapitan in 1892.
Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor
and Sixto Lopez, on
learning about his arrest,
sent telegrams to an
English lawyer, Mr. Fort,
to work his release when
the steamer reached
November 3, 1896,
Rizal on board
Colon, arrived in Manila.
He was immediately
transferred to Fort Santiago
where he was imprisoned
until his execution day,
57 Days later.
In Fort Santiago,
Rizal was not allowed
to see his family and
patriots, were violently
tortured in order to gather
evidences that they
could use against him.
started as the accused,
by November 20, 1896.
Rizal was subjected
to an investigation that
lasted for five days .
him of the charges against
him and was asked to
October 16, 1888- A letter of Antonio Luna to Mariano Ponce
August 20, 1890- A letter of Rizal to his family in Calamba.
January 7, 1889- A letter of Marcelo H. del Pilar to DeodatoArellano
September 12, 1891- A poem entitled "Kundiman"
September 18, 1891- A letter of Carlos Oliver to an unknown person.
February 9, 1892-A Masonic document.
An letter from an unidentified person to the Hongkong.
September 3, 1892- A letter of Ildefonso Laurel to Rizal.
May 24, 1892- A letter Signed Dimasalang
June 1, 1892- A letter of Dimasilang to an unidentified committee.
September 17, 1892- A letter of a certain Rizal Segundo.
June 1 1893- A letter of Marcelo H. del Pilar to Don Juan Tenluz
July 22, 1893- The transcript of a speech of pingkian.
July 22, 1983- The transcript of a speech of Tiktik.
A poem by Laong Laan.
Colonel Olive submitted
the said two types of evidences to Governor General Ramon Blanco .
Captain Rafael Dominguez was appointed Judge Advocate by the
The judge advocate
general after scrutinizing the document transmitted.
1. Rizal, the accused, must be subjected to trial at once.
2. He must stay in prison while waiting trial.
3. An attachment order must be issued against his properties, to the amount of one million pesos, as a form of indemnity to the Spanish government.
4. An army officer, not a civilian lawyer, must defect him in the trial court.
Camilo G. de Polavieja, who replaced Governor General Blanco
December 13, 1896-received the Rizal's Case.
December 26, 1896- Polavieja authorized the order to subject Dr. Jose Rizal to trial by Court Martial.
December 26, 1896 at
eight o'clock in the morning.
the court Martial trial of Rizal
started in the Cuartel de Espania.
On an elevated platform were seven members of military.
Lt. Col. Jose Togores Arjona(president)
capt. Ricardo Munoz Arias
Cpt. Manuel Reguerra,
Capt. Santiago Izquierdo Osorio,
Capt. Fernando Perez Rodriguez,
Capt. Manuel Diaz Eseribano, and
Capt. Branlio Rodriguez Nunez.
Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade
( Rizal's Defender)
Capt. Rafael Dominguez
Lt. Enrique de Alcocer (Prosecting Attorney) and spectators which included Josephine Bracken,
a sister of Rizal, newspapermen
and other Spaniards.
Rizal was accused of three crimes:
Atty. Alcocer, the prosecuting lawyer. He tried very hard to convience the members of military court to give the death verdict to Rizal.
CRY OF BALINTAWAK