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Heart Disease

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on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of Heart Disease

Heart Disease
Important Terms
Cardiovascular Disease - A disease of the heart and blood vessel
Arrhythmia - heart condition in which the heart beat is abnormal and irregular
Heart Attack - Death of cardiac muscle caused by a lack of blood flow to the heart
Stroke - A condition caused by a blocked or broken blood vessel in the brain
Important Terms
Hypertension - high blood pressure
Electrocardiogram (EKG) - a measure of the electrical activity of the heart
Diabetes - a disease in which the body produces little or no insulin or cannot use insulin
Bypass surgery - surgery to create a detour around a narrowed artery or vein so that blood can reach and leave the heart
Risk Factors/ Causes
Conditions: blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus
Behavior: diet, inactivity, alcohol use, tobacco use
Heredity: age, gender, family history
Symptoms and Diagnosis
5 major symptoms: pain or discomfort in neck/back, chest pain, weakness, pain in shoulder, shortness of breath
-Many are usually unaware
-Diagnosis include background check on health history and checking for: heart murmur, hypertension (usually involves baseline EKG), etc.
Types of Heart Disease
Disorders of Conduction and Rhythm
Disorders of the Myocardium
Disorders of Structures
Heart Disease by Afra Trinidad
Treatment and
Preventative Measures
Short term treatment: cardiopulmonary resuscitation, defibrillation
Long term treatment: medication (nitroglycerine), manage diabetes, angioplasty, pacemaker, bypass surgery, cardiac transplantation
Prevention: eating healthy, maintain healthy weight, regular exercise, frequent checkups
Discussion Questions
1. Explain why it is very important that you are aware of your family health history.
2. Why is it that we are aware of all the preventative measures to take against heart disease, yet it is such a large factor in causes of death in the United States?
3. Do you feel that if a person acquires heart disease, it is their own fault?

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