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The Crucible Research Project: Reverend John Hale
Transcript of The Crucible Research Project: Reverend John Hale
-This quote perfectly encapsulates what Reverend John Hale is all about. He is a confident, knowledgeable man who pursues his goals with a kind of giddiness. He came to Salem thinking he would be helping the residents, but he soon discovers how wrong he is. Act 2: Page 68: Nonsense! Mister, I have myself examined Tituba, Sarah Good, and numerous others that have confessed to dealing with the Devil. They confessed it!
-Again, shows Hale’s confidence, but shows his naiveté as well. He believes that those convicted are guilty, and those who confess honestly mean it. He doesn’t for a moment consider that they were lying to save themselves from the gallows. Act 3: Page 99: Excellency, I have signed 72 death warrants; I am a minister of the Lord, and I dare not take a life without there be proof so immaculate no slightest qualm of conscience may doubt it.
-Shows Hale’s growing distrust of the court. He has begun to doubt whether the ones he signed to die really deserved it. He dares not take even one more life unless he’s absolutely sure of their guilt. Also shows his true desire for justice, he’s not looking for glory or to make himself look better, he wants to serve his God. He is one of the few in The Crucible who wants the real truth to come out. Act 4: Page 132: Goody Proctor, I have gone this three month like our Lord into the wilderness. I have sought a Christian way, for damnation’s doubled on a minister who counsels men to lie.
-This shows again, another key part of Hale’s character. He tries his best to live a true, Christian life. He’s not like Parris or Danforth, who compromise just so they don’t lose their high positions. Hale does what he believes is right, something that is all too uncommon in The Crucible. Act 4: Page 132: “Let you not mistake your duty as I have mistaken my own. I came into this village like a bridegroom to his beloved, bearing gifts of high religion; the very crowns of holy law I brought, and what I touched with my bright confidence, it died.
-Shows how far Hale has fallen. His confidence is broken, and he is completely disillusioned. He came to help the village with zeal, but now he knows the truth. The court never planned on listening to him in the first place unless it was convenient. Hale mistook why he was brought to Salem, he wasn’t a consultant, he was a tool brought in to give credibility to Abigail’s mad games. Reverend John Hale was a minister from Beverly best known for his role in the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Hale was born in Charlestown in 1636 to a local blacksmith Robert Hale.
Growing up, Hale witnessed Massachusetts’ first execution of a convicted witch, in 1648, with the hanging of Margaret Jones of Charlestown. Hale studied at Harvard where he ended up earning a theology degree in 1657. After Hales first wife passed he remarried and then soon after went on to serve as a chaplain to the militia during the Massachusetts campaign. Rev. John Hale in The Crucible was much the same man as he was in real life. Not much could be found that was very different. Once Hale returned from the war he became involved in the Salem Witch Trials of 1692 when Salem Village minister Samuel Parris asked him to observe the strange behavior of a group of girls claiming to be tormented by evil spirits. After the Witch Trials ended and his wife Sarah had passed away. He then went on to write a book titled “A Modest Inquiry into the Nature of Witchcraft”. This book challenged the accuracies of the Witch Trials. He claimed that the fear that people felt about the Witches made them do and say things that were not true. He claimed that the fear alone made innocent people die.
Hale’s death came at the age of 64, in 1702. Hale was buried in his family plot at the Abbott Street Burial Ground in Beverly and his farm at 39 Hale Street later became a museum now known as “The John Hale House.” Biography: The Crucible: In Real Life: A puritan minister Knew quite a bit about spiritual things Had a theocracy degree Hale did not believe in the accuracy of the Salem proceedings, and believed he was responsible for the slaughtering of innocent people. We believe that while Hale may not be exactly like how he was in history, Arthur Miller did a good job at interpreting Hale's personality and values from his actions in history. For instance, Hale's disapproval of the trials is historically proven, because of this, and the fact that he's a minister, Miller could safely assume that he was a good person at heart. We also know that the real Hale had a degree in theology, making his knowledge of spirits in The Crucible believable. The interpretation of Hale in The Crucible, we think, is mostly accurate. Accuracy: While in many areas, the Crucible was accurate,
Arthur Miller took some creative license with
various others. For example, it's known in
history that John Hale had a wife, but she is never
mentioned in the Crucible. It should be noted
however, that accuracy was likely not one of
Miller's aims in this story. Miller was trying, first
and foremost, to tell a good story and relate it to
issues in modern life. In the case of John Hale's inaccuracies, it was to more explicitly show that even people with good intentions can cause harm. Our Final Thoughts: Which brings us to... Works Cited: A presentation by: Shelbi Fehlberg
Tues 5-6 Melanie Arneson
Tues 5-6 And Grant Woller
Tues 11-12 On May 10th, 2013 AD For American Literature Hope you enjoyed the presentation! Picture: John-hale-06.jpg. 1996. Photograph. starscolor.com. Web. 9 May 2013. Married twice Single Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York, NY: Penguin, 1996. Print.