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Epilepsy Prezi

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Rafeena Baksh

on 18 December 2012

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Transcript of Epilepsy Prezi

People with epilepsy may also have other
conditions, with additional care needs. Because seizures can be infrequent or unwitnessed by others, epilepsy can be a ‘hidden’ condition. This can mean that other people do not always see the need for care. For example, some local authorities providing social services may not always recognise epilepsy as a condition that has particular care needs.

The psychological effects on someone with epilepsy can also impact on you. These could include stress, depression, mood changes or frustration.

keeping them safe during a seizure

calling for medical help, or giving first aid or emergency medication

staying with them or seeing them home safely after a seizure

noting any pattern or trigger to their seizures, which may help if they don’t recall their seizures

helping with their routine of taking anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs)

going with them to appointments, helping to take notes, or providing descriptions of seizures to the person with epilepsy and/or their doctor

acting as representative or advocate for the person, with their doctors or others involved in their care

joining in with activities that might pose a safety risk if they were to have a seizure, such as swimming
providing transport if necessary

helping them to adapt their home or lifestyle to provide a safe living environment. Install a monitor in your child's bedroom in case you can hear when a seizure occurs.

Make sure your child sleeps in either a regular bed or a mattress on the floor.

For children who have frequent and severe seizures in which they fall down, a helmet that fits well and has a face guard can protect against head and facial injuries.

Avoid situations in which there will be flashing or strobe lights as they can induce seizures.

Make sure your child wears a life vest whenever he or she is near swimming areas.

Closely monitor showers and baths to prevent serious injuries from seizures.

Take extra precautions when your child will be around traffic (crossing streets).

Create an easy-to-follow list of what to do in case of a seizure and put it on the refrigerator or other accessible location. Go over this list with all caregivers and be sure to include contact information for you, another adult, the doctor and 911. Send a copy of this list along with your child to any friends' homes, activities and sleepovers. Safety measures for parents who have children with epilepsy

Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which a person has seizures, periods of abnormal electrical activity in the brain that do not cause permanent damage. While currently considered an incurable disorder, epilepsy does typically respond well to treatment, allowing the epileptic person to lead a normal life most of the time. You are walking in a park and you see someone you believe is having an epileptic seizure.

What necessary first aid steps are you going to do? Case Scenario The severity of epileptic seizures may vary with the individual and even with the specific seizure.

Some seizures resulting from epilepsy present themselves as severe convulsions.

Others are more subtle, only noticeable to others as a blank stare for a few minutes or seconds. Symptoms References Standard First Aid H Definition Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by recurrent episodes of convulsive seizures, sensory disturbance, abnormal behaviour and loss of consciousness.

Seizure involves violent and sudden contraction or tremors of muscle groups and causes uncontrolled movements and loss of consciousness. Manusha Blow to the head
Infection ( meningitis, encephalitis)
Drug or alcohol toxicity
High fever
Eclampsia ( a condition in pregnant women )
Missed medication
Strokes/ heart attacks
Complication of kidney disease
Diabetes
Brain tumor
Consuming large amounts of fluids
Watching flashing lights 1. Brain injury
2. Lack of oxygen
3. Problems with brain development before birth
4.The mother having an injury or infection during pregnancy
5. Head trauma
6. Chemical imbalance
7. Poor nutrition
8. Brain tumor
9. Childhood fever
10. Poisons (lead or alcohol)
11. Infection such as meningitis and encephalitis
12. Stroke Cause Causes of Seizures Causes of Epilepsy How does
a seizure
occur During a seizure, individual neurons or clusters of neurons fire rapidly or at the same time, disrupting normal brain functioning.

Seizures caused by epilepsy may be partial seizures, also known as focal seizures, which are limited to only one portion of the brain.

They may also be generalized seizures, which involve the entire brain. Prevention Epilepsy can be controlled by medication, but it not a guaranteed cure. There are many different surgeries, diets and medications that can control epilepsy.

According to Epilepsy.com, “after trying one seizure medication, about 50 to 60 percent of epileptics will stop having seizures. This rate rises to 80 percent when those who weren't helped by the first drug go on to try
a second seizure medication. More than half of children diagnosed with epilepsy grow out of it and stop having seizures as they get older”. How Does Epilepsy Affect Daily Life? Epilepsy Ontario
Suite 308, 1 Promenade Circle
Thornhill, ON
L4J 4P8
906 746 5099
1 800 463 1119
info@epilepsyontario.org
www.epilepsyontario.org
1 866 EPILEPSY 1. Nutritious diet
2. Oral care
3. DIPPS
4. Activities of Daily Living Special Needs During a seizure, individual neurons or clusters of neurons fire rapidly or at the same time, disrupting normal brain functioning.

Partial seizures, or focal seizures, are limited to only one portion of the brain.

Generalized seizures involve the entire brain. Medical alert system
Medication reminder
Headgear
Seizure alarms
Medical information devices
Miscellaneous devices and equipment Special Devices Definition and Cause Meningitis: the inflammation of the meninges that surround the brain and spinal cord. Encephalitis: is an inflammation of the brain tissue and often the surrounding meninges. Eclampsia: a life-threatening complication of pregnancy, is a condition that causes a pregnant woman, previously diagnosed with preeclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in the urine), to develop seizures or coma. Definition Laura Characteristics of Epilepsy Amanda Effects of Epilepsy Controlled seizures
Frequent severe seizures
Behavioural and emotional changes Safety measures needed at home,
workplace, transportation
and recreation Ketogenic Diet-
High in fat and low in carbohydrates (recommended) School
Career Goals/Employment
Prevention of some recreational activities
Prevention of vehicle operation Tshiela Special Needs for Epileptics (Dignity, Independence, Preference, Privacy, Safety) Kaitylnn Safety Measures Caring for someone with epilepsy can include: Rafeena PSW Role PSW Role with Epileptics
Ability to react appropriately within the role and capacity of a worker trained as a Personal Attendant or Personal Support Worker in emergencies and in potentially distressing situations (e.g. epileptic seizures). (Government of Ontario & Ontario Community Support Association, 2009) (Epilepsy Ontario, 2012) PSW should have information regarding:

the type of epilepsy, any auras experienced, and the frequency of seizures.
general care of the child
Prescribed medications (including the dosages, administration, side effects)
How to administer first aid to the child experiencing a seizure, both during and following the seizure. 

Describe responsibility in meeting needs of specific child
 
Family members’ reactions:
Feelings of depression, helplessness, frustration, low self-esteem and high levels of stress.

Intervention:
provide information from your local epilepsy agency, suggest child and family support groups and counselling PSW Role in working with the client and the family seizure lasts >5 minutes
multiple seizures in a row
the person appears to be injured
the person doesn’t regain full conciousness after the seizure
The seizure took place in water Standard First Aid 911 seizure lasts >5 minutes
multiple seizures in a row
the person appears to be injured
the person doesn’t regain full conciousness after the seizure
The seizure took place in water Standard First Aid 911 seizure lasts >5 minutes
multiple seizures in a row
the person appears to be injured
the person doesn’t regain full conciousness after the seizure
The seizure took place in water 911  (Epilepsy Support Centre, 2010) Describes appropriate approach and attitude
Social Stigma

Negative attitudes may result in lowered expectations for the child with epilepsy, and the belief that the child must be protected

The unpredictability of the seizure disorder may lead to overprotectiveness
(Epilepsy Ontario, 2012) PSW Role throughout Developmental Stages Promote walking, exploring and playing, climbing, talking and feeding themselves

Promoting independence and safety Setting rules and expectations

Exposing the child to social situations with appropriate supervision in which the child can learn about and practice new skills with others Promoting success and mastery

Explain seizures in a way they can understand

Show acceptance of their condition 3 6 10 Toddlers Preschoolers Latency Age
(7-11) Adolescence 15 Encourage them to become involved in safe peer group activities

Issues of independence and safety can be negotiated through ongoing dialogue rather than by polarizaed arguments 1 Infants Promote child's effort to reach milestones (crawling, feeding, walking, talking) (Epilepsy Ontario, 2012) (Epilepsy Ontario, 2012) (Epilepsy Ontario, 2012) (Epilepsy Ontario, 2012) (Epilepsy Ontario, 2012) Epilepsy Support Epilepsy Toronto
468 Queen St. East
Suite 210
Toronto, ON
M5A 1T7

Phone: (416) 964-9095
Fax: (416) 964-2492
E-mail: info epilepsytoronto.org
Website: www.epilepsytoronto.org (Sorrentino, Remmert,Wilk, & Newmaster, 2013) (Rossi, 2010) (Rossi, 2010) (CidpUSA Foundation, 2012) (Epilepsy Therapy Project, 2012; MedScope America Corporaion, 2012) (Epilepsy Society, 2012) (Epilepsy Society, 2012) (Epilepsy Society, 2012) (Epilepsy Ontario, 2010) Video of Seizure Care Current Treatment Status of Epilepsy Caring for a child with epilepsy advice for families and caregivers.
(2007-2012). Retrieved from http://www.care.com/special-
Needs-caring-for-a-child-with-epilepsy-p1167-q1664.html

CidpUSA Foundation. (2012). Epilepsy and nutrition. Retrieved from http://
www.cidpusa.org/epilepsy nutrition.htm

Epilepsy Canada. (2012). First aid. Retrieved from
http://www.epilepsy.ca/en-CA/Diagnosis-and-
Treatment/First-Aid.html

Epilepsy Ontario. (2012). Epilepsy and the family.. Retrieved from epilepsyontario.org/?page_id=5766

Epilepsy Ontario, (2012). Living with epilepsy. Retrieved from Epilepsy
http://epilepsyontario.org/?page_id=5715

Epilepsy Society. (2012, September).Carers. Retrieved from
http://www.epilepsysociety.org.uk/AboutEpilepsy/Epilepsyandyou/Carers-1 Epilepsy Support Centre. (2010). Seizure first-aid. Retrieved from epilepsysupportcentre.com/first_aid

Epilepsy Therapy Project. (2012). Devices and equipment. Retrieved from
MedScope America Corporaion (2012). Medical alert system.
Retrieved fromhttp://www.medscope.org/

Government of Ontario. , & Ontario Community Support Association,
(2009). Role of persons trained as personal attendants or personal
support workers. Retrieved from Government of Ontario website:
http://www.ocsa.on.ca/userfiles/PSW_Roles.pdf

MedScope America Corporaion (2012). Medical alert system. Retrieved
from http://www.medscope.org/

Sorrentino, S.A., Remmert, L., Wilk, M.J., Newmaster, R., (2013). Mosby
Canadian textbook for the support worker, (3rd Canadian ed.).
Toronto:Elsevier. Troyer, Gloria . "Seizures: What they are, and what causes them."
CBC. 28 Jul. 2008. 17 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/
story/2008/07/28/f-troyer-seizures.html>.

The Canadian Red Cross Society. (2011). First aid and cpr
manual. Quebec: Transcontinental.

Rossi, F. (2010, July 13). Characteristics of Epilepsy .
Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/173864-
characteristics-of-epilepsy/ References
Full transcript