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America Slave Trade
Transcript of America Slave Trade
The trade started 16th century and ended in the 19th centuries.
The vast majority of slaves transported to the New World were Africans.
The first Africans imported to the English colonies were also called indentured servants.
The Atlantic slave trade arose after trade contacts were first made between the continents of the "Old World" (Europe, Africa, and Asia) and of the "New World" (North America and South America).
Africans themselves played a role in the slave trade, by selling and capturing their own for European.
The great majority of slaves sold to Europeans were not slaves in Africa.They were usually recent war captives or victims of being at the wrong place at the wrong time.
They were kept in chains and left to lie on their backs on slave ships while crossing the Atlantic Ocean.
Olaudah Equiano writing had a profound effect on public opinion on the slave trade and started the end of the slave trade.
In 1807, Britain became the first European nation to ban the slave trade. France, Holland, and the United States soon thereafter passed legislation banning the slave trade. Three Eye witness John Barbot, an agent for the French Royal African Company, made at least two voyages to the West Coast of Africa, in 1678 and 1682.
Olaudah Equiano was enslaved at the age of 11, but he became educated and secured his freedom. He played a major role advocating an end to slavery. He wrote a book which was written in English in 1789, and immediately became a popular read. It provided a rare glimpse of the slave trade from the point of view of the slave.
Alexander Falconbridge, a surgeon aboard slave ships and later the governor of a British colony for freed slaves in Sierra Leone, also gives his account of the Middle Passage voyages. These are the chains used to chain up a group slaves that were captured and to hold them together on and off the ship. They were held together by their necks. A handle was included to pull them along.
This chain was for individual slaves. It also went around the slave neck and the hunter or owner would lead by the handle. Pros and Cons of the Slave Trade Pros
It was easier for the people involved in the slave trade to cover large amount of labor after slaves were purchased.
It provided an increase in wealth for owners.
Cotton sales increased.
Exploration of Africa was conducted.
Life was just easier for owners because it meant less work for them. Five major connections between the "Slave Narrative of Equiano" and the research. Africans were brought on ships and chained together.
When on the voyage Africans was forced down into the deck with thousands of africans were they could barely move or breathe.
Millions of Africans died from disease and terrible living conditions.
Africans captured other Africans for payment.
Slaves were auctioned off and separated from there families. Cons
Many Africans lost love ones due to capture and sometimes death.
Many died from disease and bad living conditions on the voyages.
Family caught together are often separated at auction.
Slaves have very limited to no freedom.
There was unfair treatment of slaves which also caused runaway attempt/escape. Sites Alistair, Evans. "African History: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade." African History -- Explore the History of Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. <http://africanhistory.about.com/od/slavery/tp/TransAtlantic001.htm>.
"Exploring Africa." Exploring Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. <http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/students/curriculum/m7b/activity1.php>.