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Civil War in South Sudan

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by

Mia Vujaklija

on 6 January 2014

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Transcript of Civil War in South Sudan

Civil War in South Sudan
States of South Sudan
The Bahr el Ghazal region in northwest South Sudan includes the states of:
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.Northern Bahr el Ghazal
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.Western Bahr el Ghazal
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.Lakes
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.Warrap
The Equatoria region in southern South Sudan includes the states of:
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.Western Equatoria
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.Central Equatoria
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.Eastern Equatoria.
The Greater Upper Nile region in northern and eastern South Sudan includes the states of:
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.Jonglei
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.Unity
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.Upper Nile.

After rumors about a planned coup staged in Juba in late 2012, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir made major changes to the senior leadership of it's government, party and military.
In January 2013, he replaced the inspector general of the national police service with a lieutenant from the army, and dismissed six deputy chiefs of staff and 29 major generals in the army. In February 2013 Kiir retired an additional 117 army generals. In July 2013 he dismissed vice president Riek Machar, along with his entire cabinet. Kiir suspended the SPLM Secretary-General Pagan Amum Okech and issued a decree preventing him from leaving Juba or speaking to the media. Machar claimed that Kiir's moves were steps towards dictatorship and announced that he would challenge him in the 2015 presidential election.


What is happening right now?
On the evening of 14 December 2013, a part of the Sudan People's Liberation Army caused a political crisis. They began a mutiny in South Sudan. President Salva Kiir announced that the coup attempt had been put down the next day, and blamed Machar for initiating it. Machar denied any knowledge of that. Fighting resumed on 16 December and spread to the region around Jonglei which is full of ethnic instability. About 1,000 people were killed and over 800 other people were injured.
Rebels seized Bor (capital of Jonglei State) on december 19, but the government troops recaptured it five days later. They took control of at least some of South Sudan's oil fields and seized Bentiu. They also seized Malakal, but the government troops recaptured it four days later. The White Army militiamen seized Mayom. Rebels again seized Bor. The South Sudanese conflict has been lasting for 3 weeks and two day, and is still in motion.
Some facts about South Sudan, the world's youngest country
Between 9 and 15 January 2011, a referendum was held to determine whether South Sudan should declare independence from Sudan. 98.83% of the population voted for independence. The capital is Juba. The president of South Sudan is Salva Kiir, from the largest ethnic group in South Sudan Dinka, and former vice president Riek Machar, who is from the second largest ethnic group Nuer.
So what happened?
Sources
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Sudanese_conflict_(2013%E2%80%93present)
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/in-south-sudan-ethnic-attacks-spark-fears-of-civil-war/2013/12/24/5dfb1842-6cbe-11e3-a5d0-6f31cd74f760_story.html
http://www.economist.com/blogs/baobab/2013/12/south-sudan
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