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Timeline: Historical Roles of Children
Transcript of Timeline: Historical Roles of Children
1900s My Life
My birth (1996)
Started school (2000)
My sister's birth (2001)
My communion (2004)
My confirmation (2010)
Elementary school graduation (2010)
Started high school (2010) 1996-
1600 LEGEND Aboriginals
16 years old; grade 11 at St. Martin Secondary School
G1 licensed driver
Artist 2013 Recent Canadians
No longer worked from dawn to dusk.
Children spend more time playing than on chores.
By law, expected to attend school regularly from 4 to 18.
Expected to complete high school and even higher levels of education.
Achieve adult status and marry later.
Laws in place regarding child labour.
Spend more time with peers than adults.
Health system today ensures healthy and longer lives.
Exposed to adult world from early years through TV, media, internet, etc.
Higher stress levels than kids did 20 or 30 years ago (regarding family, education, friends). Continue to face the same challenges that kids did years ago. By: Tamara DeSouza Early Canadians 1800-1900s
By the mid to late 1800s, cities grew rapidly in Canada.
Families left rural areas to go to the cities, but found that life was not easier.
More children, often boys, left school to work and support family. Jobs such as shoeshine boys, paperboys, and delivery boys.
Most children lost parents to accidents, disease or illness. Those ended up on their own or in prison.
Cities grew rapidly. People moved into the cities to find employment, but finding money was difficult.
Relatives would sometimes take in kids, “street urchins”. Seen as a menace to society. They did not have education. In the winter, many died of exposure.
High schools more common around the 1900s, as an answer to youth unemployment.
Reform schools and trade schools were common.
Provinces made school mandatory up to 16 years to get them into school and off the streets.
The term teenagers was first used on March 11th, 1921. French Settlers 1600-1700 – Canada
By the late 1600s, French settlers had settled into small communities in Quebec, where man vastly outnumbered women,
To help generate a new population, the king of France Louis XIV, offered transportation and a dowry to any woman who came to the New World to find a husband.
Starting in 1663, several hundred women came from France to become wives and daughters. They were known as the “Kings daughters” or “Les filles du roi”. Some were as young as 13 or 14 and from orphanages in France.
Penalized bachelorhood. Many French Canadians can trace their roots to these weddings. English Settlers 1600-1700 – Canada
Settlers from Britain also started to arrive in North America in the 1600s. Their population grew quickly.
Many came to escape religious persecution. They were shaped by strict protestant values, “if you spare the rod, you spoil the child”.
Discipline and physical punishment; kids were not to speak until spoken to.
They worked form sunrise to sundown – Idle hands invited the work of the devil.
When loyalists moved to Canada, new immigrants looked more towards the aboriginal way of life. This meant more freedom and independence and less punishment.
The girls would work on embroidery, boys in woodwork, etc.
Looked to aboriginals for ways to hunt, prepare food and take care of children. Girls helped mom, boys helped dad – traditional gender roles. Pioneer families 1700-1800 – Canada
Immigration started to grow in Canada.
For families who came to Canada before the 1900s, life expectancy was low and infant mortality was high.
Midwives were sometimes not used because they could not afford it.
Most births occurred on their own beds.
Children who did survive usually worked on the farm or family business.
In the 1800s, public schooling became more common in most provinces.
Emphasis on learning to speak, read, and write in English. Especially important for new immigrant children to bridge the language barrier with their parents. 1200-
Before Europeans arrived, in the late 1500s, Aboriginal people lived in many areas from the Arctic circle to South America, living in kin (family) groups with separate identities and different languages
Many were hunters and gatherers that moved to follow the migration patterns and seasons. Survival was their main goal.
Men and women had distinct roles to play. Men did the hunting, fishing, trapping, and made weapons. Women prepared the food and gathered nuts and berried and dried the meat for winter survival.
Daughters were taught to bring up the other kids. When they got older, they would help the other women to care give. The boys would go help the men in hunting.
The child was treated as an equal in the community. The children were treated with respect. Families were close.
The birth of a child connected them to ancestors. Children were not a burden because everybody in the community shared in raising them. The elderly played a role in sharing wisdom and guiding them through their culture and rituals.
Short childhood. Would grow up fast, joining the adult community. They learn independence at an early age.
Even as children grew up, the gender roles were clear. There was a smooth transition from child to adult, and the roles stayed the same.
Boys achieved adult status when they completed a big achievement, like killing a moose. Girls became adults at menstruation. Many groups celebrated the adulthood through a rite of passage.
Marriage would be the next step after puberty, typically at 14 to 16 years of age, when they were considered full adults. The elders choose the partner, and a bride price or dowry was given to the groom by the bride’s family. Europeans 1800-1900 C.E.
In the 1800s there was a huge gap between the rich and the poor.
Attended school, private training, religious training
No formal education; worked along with adults
Many became factory workers as Europe became industrialized
Child labour was predominant and accidents were common; children valued for their size. Could fit into smaller areas, do unsafe work. For e.g. , they would do work like setting up weaving machines, cleaning oil fittings, carpet making and chimney sweeping (especially orphans used in chimney sweeping).
A lot of kids in the streets.
In the late 1800s, mechanization meant that children were not needed in factories. Without jobs, idle children became a problem on the streets.
Churches were the first to provide education to lower class children.
By the end of the 1800s, most children in Britain and Europe attended school.
Compulsory education was promoted in many countries. Europeans 1500-1800 C.E.
A new view; children have souls so they should be protected and taught.
People are supposed to teach their children the “right” ways.
Paintings from this period show children as looking like cherubs and angels. They were often painted in the arms of their mothers.
Children received more schooling, especially religious training.
Seen as more innocent and more pure. They played and had fun. Europeans 1200-1500 C.E.
Many paintings from this time period that show children as mini-adults.
Kids dressed and acted like adults. The role of children was not separate from that of adults. They participated in all aspects of life.
They did not receive formal education, but lower class would learn the family trade or work in kitchens or stables. Upper class would attend functions.
Did not get the same love, because children often died early of illness and disease. They were viewed as easily replaceable. Parents therefore tried not to get too attached to them; Treated more like resources.
Kids were property of their fathers (called chattels).
Could be sold, traded into slavery, and killed period.
They would be beaten for doing something wrong.
They were present at births, deaths, sick beds and festivals. Recent Picture of Me Toddler Tamara Holy Communion Family Picture Elementary School Graduation Picture Children running and playing with peers Children learning in a classroom at school Young Shoeshine Boy Young boys at work Child, pictured as cherub, with mother Aboriginal family English settlers at work Les filles du roi (The King's daughters) Young European girl dressed like an adult woman Pioneer family School classroom of pioneer children