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1920s

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RedHeadRedemption 27

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of 1920s

The Roaring 20's
Michael Sueppel
Fashion
Women's
Men's
Women's rights movement
had a strong impact on fashion
The infamous corset was discarded, replaced by looser fitting garments
Due to the
economic boom
after WWI, the style was
universal
between the rich and the poor. Only the quality of the clothes separated the classes
Pioneer in Women's fashion:

Coco Chanel
One of the first influential women to reject the corset and cut her hair. She continued to further the
fr
ee
dom
of women's fashion for decades.
Eton cut hairstyle -

a very short, slicked-down version of the crop
(similar to a bob cut)
Skirts below the knees even to the ankles were very common
Necklaces
Wristbands
Hats
Gloves

All very common
Suit Jackets
Oxford Bags
after 1925 became popular
Wearing a
hat
in public was a must
Hair style wasn't as important but usually
cut short
to accompany the hats
As with the women's style, social class
did not
matter a whole lot.
Not one unhatted head, in New York
Song List:
1.
Atlanta Blues
- Louis Armstrong
2.
Swing Door
- Allan Gray
3.
Civilization
- Andrew sisters w/ Danny Kaye
Music
Honorable Mentions:
Rhapsody in Blue
- George Gershwin
Ain't Misbehavin'
- Fats Waller
The Jazz Age!
- Jazz music becomes very popular after WWI throughout the 20s until the 50s when rock&roll took the stage
Jazz music
itself originated from African American communities during the late 19th and early 20th century.
Typical instruments in Jazz include:
double bass
drums
guitar
piano
saxophone
trumpet
clarinet
trombone
vocals
"Jazz is restless. It won't stay put and it never will."
- J.J. Johnson
Recreation
Politics
Economy
Culture
Inventions & Technology
Geography
Celebrities
The Daily Iowan
$75 = ~ $1,025 in today's money
Sports
The 1920s were a breakout time for sports.
People from across the nation flocked to stadiums to see the
famous athletes
It was baseball's
'golden age'
with Babe Ruth taking center stage.
Football
was also becoming popular
First
Winter
Olympic Games in 1924
Dancing
Dance clubs
became insanely popular during the 20s
dances such as the
charleston
,
waltz
,
foxtrot
, and
american tango
were the most popular
Movies
Before the 20s all movies were
silent
and were
black
and
white
The first movie in full
c
o
l
o
r
was in 1922 -
The Toll of the Sea
First movie with
music
and
sound effects
released in 1926 -
Don Juan
The first "talkie" was
The Jazz Singer
in 1927.
27 cents, on average, to see a flick
Cartoon shorts were popular, which gave rise to "Steamboat Willie"
in 1928
Presidents
1920-1923:
Warren G. Harding

1923-1929:
Calvin Coolidge
1929-1933:
Herbert Hoover
advocated for African-American
civil rights
Anti-lynching movement
his administration had many
scandals
(bribery, Justice Dep., Veterans Bureau
Died in office in 1923
restored public confidence in White House after scandals
cut taxes
and limited government spending
set
high tariffs
on imported goods
remained
popular
throughout the decade
took office before stock market
crash
in 1929
critics portrayed him as
indifferent
towards suffering Americans during
The Great Depression
supported
prohibition
Prohibition
Prohibition was the nationwide ban of the
sale
,
production
,
transportation
, and
importation
of
alcoholic beverages
18th Amendment
ratified
in 1919 and lasted until 1933
It created a
black market
which led to bootlegging and the rise of gangsters such as the infamous
Al Capone.

Movement was led by
social progressives
in both the
republican
and
democratic
parties and other groups across America
Weak enforcement and many citizens believed the laws were ''
unnecessary
'' and ''
arbitrary
''
The 20s was a decade of major economic
growth
rapid growth in construction, production of
consumer goods
, and advertising
new ways of advertising, over the radio for instance, increased
consumerism

$5
work weeks provided lots of spending money for the average
Ame
ri
can
family. This
surplus
guided the economy to seemingly endless gains...until October 24th 1929
Black Tuesday
Most
devastating
stock market crash in the history of the
U.
S.
led to the Great Depression and ended the "
Roaring Twenties
"
affected all Western countries
unemployment
soared to 25%
Factors that may have cause this include: slowing of
car sales
,
house sales
,
steel production
, and a major surplus in wheat bundles with nowhere to go (stock markets are sensitive to harvests.)
The Birth of Mass Culture
With the excess spending cash, Americans bought many products especially
radios
. Radios connected people together like never before, spreading
music
,
information
,
sports
, and
literature
across the nation.
Slang of the 20s
Bee's Knees
- An extraordinary person, thing, idea; the ultimate
Caper
- a criminal act or robbery
Gold Digger
- A woman who associates with or marries a man for his wealth
Heebie-Jeebies
- The jitters
Java
- coffee
Swell
- Wonderful
John
- a toilet
Beeswax
- business, i.e. None of your beeswax."
Crush
- An infatuation
Says you
- a reaction of disbelief
Rag-a-muffin
- a dirty or disheveled individual
Mob Related:
Take for a Ride -
To drive off with someone in order to bump them off
Bump Off -
To murder, To kill
Shiv
- a knife
With the 19th Amendment, women get the right to
vote.
this caused more women to become more involved in
political
issues and the
capitalistic
spirit of the era (successful careers, eagerness for personal fulfillment)
Millions
of women began to work in white-collar jobs across
Am
er
ica
Minorities were treated more
equally
than previous decades, and black and white performers appeared in movies and on stage
together
for the first time
What many young people wanted to do was dance. The
older generation
objected to
Jazz's
“vulgarity” and “depravity.”
1920: Hair dryer, Q-tips, Traffic light,
Radio
1921: Lie detector, Flowchart,
Band-aid
1922: Cathode ray tube
(CRT)
became a commercial product
1923:
Instant camera
, Bulldozer
1924:
Cheeseburger
1925: Reuben sandwich,
Masking tape
1926:
Liquid fueled rocket
, Power steering
1927: Bread slicer,
Kool-aid
, Jukebox,
1928:
Penicillin
, Electric razor, Bubble gum
1929:
Frozen food
, Sunglasses
Inventions
Each new invention furthers the
cultural movement
going on in the 20s.
New
inventions
mean more items to buy which is good for the economy because most Americans had
extra
spending money at the time.
The introduction of
mass production
brought automobiles and radio to countless families across the country, which in turn spread
mass culture
wherever they went
Coal in Appalachians
Oil in Texas
Ranching in Midwest
With the automobile industry booming,
oil
was needed for the hundreds of thousands of
Ford
cars rolling of the assembly line.
Oil rich
Texas
became
money
rich in a relatively short amount of time from the high demand of oil
There was not a huge need to
import
from other countries during this time because of the vast amounts of natural resources present
Foreign Policy:
The U.S. tended to stay as
isolationist
as possible focusing more on domestic affairs. However, the U.S. was involved in some foreign treaties.
Washington Disarmament Conference:
1921-22, called by the U.S. to limit the tonnage and number of battleships a nation could have.
Kellogg-Briand Treaty:
Treaty in 1928 that denounced war between countries when it was used for the purpose of handling relations between two countries
Troops in Nicaragua:
1927-28, The U.S. refused to recognize the government set up by Emiliano Chamorro. Calvin Coolidge sent in troops to handle the regime. Herbert Hoover later dispatched the troops in 1933.
Famous faces at the time include:
Charles Lindbergh
- 1st person to make solo flight across Atlantic
Babe Ruth
- Baseball star who held the record for most home runs
Coco Chanel
- Fashion designer and found of the Chanel brand
Duke Ellington
- Composer and pianist for 50 years
Charlie Chaplin
- Comedian, Actor, Director, Filmmaker, Legend
Al Capone
- Notorious Chicago gangster
F. Scott Fitzgerald
- American author of novels and short stories
Albert Einstein
- German-born theoretical physicist, smart
Jack Dempsey
- American professional boxer, cultural icon
Woodrow Wilson
- 28th POTUS, leader of Progressive Movement
Henry Ford
- American industrialist, founder of the Ford Motor Company
George Washington Carver
- American botanist and inventor, peanut man
Walt Disney
- American cartoonist, animator, creator of
Ernest Hemingway
- American author and journalist
Louis Armstrong
- American jazz trumpeter, singer, influential jazz man
John Barrymore
- American actor one stage & radio, grandfather of Drew
Fats Waller
- jazz pianist, composer, singer, and comedic entertainer
Frank Lloyd Wright
- architect, interior designer, writer
Lou Gehrig
- Professional baseball player for NY
Man Ray
- supervillian, member of E.V.I.L.
Man Ray
was an American visual artist
Oxford Bags
Full transcript