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Colony Collapse Disorder

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Sophie Helfer

on 16 December 2015

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Transcript of Colony Collapse Disorder

Colony Collapse Disorder
What Is It?
Hive MInds
Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) is
the phenomenon that occurs when
a bee colony is deserted by a
majority of its worker bees,
leaving the food, queen, and
young bees.

Queen
Drone
<4 months
Worker
The current situation
5,000
35,000
3-5 yrs.
6-7 weeks
1/12
The Numbers
What Causes CCD?
The current scientific consensus is that there is no single cause of CCD, but in fact several.
Neonicotinoids
in pesticides:
Acetamiprid
Clothianidin
Dinotefuran
Imidacloprid
Nitenpyram
Thiacloprid
Thiamethoxam

Neonicotinoids
Chemically similar to nicotine, they are very toxic to insects. They impare a bee's ability to navagate and collect food. One study says bees become more likely to die of mites because of neonicotinoids, but this isn't directly true.
Other factors
Other than neonictiniods, the following also contribute to CCD:
Moving bees for pollination purposes
Changes to habitat
Malnutrition
These three things, and neonicotinoids, make bees weaker by causing immune-suppressing stress.
Supply and Demand
If nothing is done to stop CCD, there will be
a supply and demand problem. Beekeepers
won't have enough bees for farmer's crops, which will start a price war.
In the Possible Future...
If farmers have to pay more for pollination, they'll have to sell food at a higher price in order to make a profit. That means consumers will have to pay higher prices for foods that require pollination. The worst case scenario is that food avalability and quality may begin to decrease.
It's a Domino Effect!
What can be done?
Eat organic food- don’t support pesticide usage.
999 out of 1000 insects are actually harmless. Don't use pesticides unless you need them, and be careful!
Buy local honey from credible beekeepers
Spread the word about CCD
CCD is a complecated problem with no simple solution, but there are some things that can be done to help.

Bibliography
“40 Percent of U.S. Bee Colonies Died in Past Year.” CBSNews. CBS Interactive, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2015. <http://www.cbsnews.com/news/40-percent-of-u-s-bee-colonies-died-in-past-year/>
“Bee Colony Collapse Disorder.” Bee Colony Collapse Disorder. Web. 24 Nov. 2015. <http://npic.orst.edu/envir/ccd.html>
“Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) In Honey Bees1.” EDIS New Publications RSS. Web. 13 Dec. 2015. <https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in720>
“Colony Loss 2014-2015: Preliminary Results.” Bee Informed Partnership. Web. 20 Nov. 2015. <https://beeinformed.org/results/colony-loss-2014-2015-preliminary-results/>
“EPA.” Colony Collapse Disorder. Web. 12 Nov. 2015. <http://www2.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/colony-collapse-disorder>
“EPA.” Federal Pollinator Health Task Force: 's Role. Web. 12 Nov. 2015. <http://www2.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/federal-pollinator-health-task-force-epas-role>
“Insects In the City.” Insects in the City. Web. 30 Nov. 2015. <http://citybugs.tamu.edu/factsheets/ipm/what-is-a-neonicotinoid/>
“Michigan State University Native Plants And Ecosystem Services.” Pollination. Web. 13 Dec. 2015. <http://nativeplants.msu.edu/about/pollination>
“Pesticides, Not Mites, Cause Honeybee Colony Collapse - D-Brief.” Dbrief. N.p., Sep. 2014. Web. 30 Nov. 2015. <http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2014/05/09/pesticides-not-mites-cause-honeybee-colony-collapse/#.vlx_i9_2buc>
“Pollination Facts.” - American Beekeeping Federation. Web. 13 Dec. 2015. <http://www.abfnet.org/?page=14>
“Save The Bees.”BuzzAboutBees.net. Web. 13 Dec. 2015. <http://www.buzzaboutbees.net/save-the-bees.html>
“Related Topics.” ARS : Honey Bee Health and Colony Collapse Disorder. Web. 12 Nov. 2015. <http://www.ars.usda.gov/news/docs.htm?docid=15572>
“USDA ARS Online Magazine Vol. 60, No. 6.” USDA ARS Online Magazine Vol. 60, No. 6. Web. 12 Nov. 2015. <http://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2012/jul/colony>
Pictures
http://www.abuzzaboutbees.com/beekeepingphotos/displayimage.php?album=4&pos=7
http://realtor.paris911.com/how-is-the-santa-clarita-market-doing-for-the-week-of-may-21-2012/business-graph-up/
http://mewezen.com/210515-money-money-money-must-be-funny/
http://amac.us/amac-obamacares-domino-effect-broader-economic-impact/
https://parablesbymish.wordpress.com/2014/04/13/the-bruised-apple/
http://www.frigoscan.com/cold-storagefruits-and-vegetables/
http://www.madroneaudubon.org/conservation-bird-safety-pesticides-herbicides.php

By Sophie Helfer
Why We should Care
Bees = Biological indicators. Their decline shows decreasing environmental health.
Some crops, including blueberries and cherries, are 90-percent dependent on honeybee pollination; one crop, almonds, depends entirely on the honey bee for pollination.
Honey is a healthy alternative to sugar
Most crops grown for their fruits (including vegetables), nuts, seeds, fiber (such as cotton), and hay, require pollination by insects.
Bees are the #1 pollinator, responisible for $14.6 billion in crop production
Why bees are fragile
What?
We've got the short end, not the bees.
However, it is unlikely the bees will go extinct. They benefit us, not the other way around.
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