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Surrealist & Bauhaus Performance Art

A brief introduction to surrealist and bauhaus performance art
by

Ellen Mueller

on 12 January 2013

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Transcript of Surrealist & Bauhaus Performance Art

Surrealist & Bauhaus
Performance Art Surrealism Watch "Parade" by Erik Satie,
Pablo Picasso, Jean Cocteau &
Leonide Massine: 2010 production of:
"Les Mamelles de Tiresias" There was a transitional
time between Dada &
Surrealism Apollinaire invented the term "surrealism"
as a protest against the realism of theatre. Key Figures Tristan Tzara -
French poet,
essayist &
performance
artist; One of the
founders &
central figures
of Dada Francis Picaba -
French painter,
poet, &
typographist;
Associated with
both Dada
& Surrealism http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/87/Francis_Picabia.jpg http://www.babelmatrix.org/upload/image/2872_Tristan%20Tzara.jpg http://cache2.allpostersimages.com/p/LRG/15/1505/PSGBD00Z/posters/portrait-of-andre-breton-1930.jpg Andre Breton -
known best as the
founder of Surrealism;
His writings include
the first Surrealist
Manifesto, 1925 Surrealism used many of Dada's
key characteristics at first:
representing crowds in one person
using an MC to announce/explain each action
noise music accompaniment
provoking the audience The group started to argue about the standardization of Dada performance... Then, in 1925 the Surrealist Manifesto was published, & the Bureau of Surrealist Research was started. http://imaginarypart.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/surrealists.jpg They transitioned to works focused on:
automatism
dreams
unconscious
Freud
irrationality
memory
psychological studies "Relache" Photomontage set to the original music. Dada/surrealist ballet by Francis Picabia, music by Erik Satie Many of their works were unstagable plays (physically
impossible to do); even moreso than Artaud's "Jet of Blood" WWII ended surrealist performance. Bauhaus Key Figure http://24.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_ldxrwoPnWG1qzultro1_400.jpg Oskar Schlemmer -
German painter,
sculptor, designer
and choreographer;
Head of the
performance work-
shop at the
Bauhaus The Bauhaus was a teaching institution for the arts in Germany in the 1920's. They called for unification of the arts similar to socialism. http://larryspeck.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/98-01676.jpg It was the first time performance
was taught in an art school. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-3O5e7s1PXwg/TVxzL3Q4sdI/AAAAAAAAFTA/UKZkOg4JjD4/s800/Bauhaus%2Bperformance%2Bcostumes%25250A*Perhaps%2BLeigh%2BBowery%2Bwas%2Binspired%2Bby%2BBauhaus%253F%2521%253F%25250Avia%2BRobbieSpencer.jpeg They embraced the following ideas:
the total artwork
focus on objects
mechanical effects
unification of art and technology
anti-expressionism Triadic Ballet They used parties, improvisation, imaginative masks and costumes to mock antiquated forms of theatre. Costume for
the "Metal
Party" Mainly, they investigated space,
and were never overtly political. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-pIDpEvk3b5o/TVxzL0ETmNI/AAAAAAAAFS4/gdwRhTjeHa4/s800/272551236_7b0e42bef0.jpeg "Les Mamelles.." was presented one month after "Parade" in 1917. Apollinaire, the playwright, said, "This surrealism protests against the 'realism' of theatre," and "When man wanted to imitate walking he created the wheel, which does not resemble a leg. In the same way, he has created surrealism."
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