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Mandarin: Basic Knowledge
Transcript of Mandarin: Basic Knowledge
Radicals are used to index the characters for Chinese dictionaries. They are also building blocks of the Chinese characters and often reflecting some common semantic or phonetic characteristic. Knowing common radicals can greatly help you learn new Chinese characters. There are 214 radicals in the original Kangxi radical list, but a few of them are no longer used in the simplified Chinese.
Chinese Character Profiles
By Qiu Gui Su, About.com Guide
Chinese characters have a long history, and have usually passed through several stages to the modern form. Understanding the history of Chinese characters can deepen our understanding of their meaning and their place in Chinese culture.
Hanyu Pinyin (simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; pinyin: Hànyǔ Pīnyīn; [pʰín ín]) is the official system to transcribe Chinese characters into Latin script in the People's Republic of China, Republic of China (Taiwan), and Singapore. It is often used to teach Standard Chinese and spell Chinese names in foreign publications and used as an input method to enter Chinese characters (汉字 / 漢字, hànzì) into computers.
Hànyǔ means the spoken language of the Han people and pinyin literally means "spelled sound" (phonetics).
n@n ‘you’ in respectful manner
radical of ‘heart’
Ren - Person
The Mandarin Chinese character 人 (rén) shows the two legs and torso of a human body. Early forms of this character showed hands, feet and head, but this was gradually simplified to the present form.