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Copy of Aristotle - The Aim of Man

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Flora Tate

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Aristotle - The Aim of Man

Aristotle - The Aim of Man
Overview:
-"The Aim of Man" is a very abstract document.
-However, abstract thought was seen as the highest form of reasoning because it was independent of the senses. This means only humans can use abstract reasoning.
-Aristotle is discussing good, and what the ultimate goal of man is - which he deems happiness.
-He divides life into three types:
1. Vulgarian
2.Political
3.Contemplative
Vulgarians
"What is happiness, or the chief good? If it is permissible to judge from men's actual lives, we may say that the mass of them being vulgarians, identify it with pleasure, which is the reason why they aim at nothing higher than a life of enjoyment."
Vulgarians: A Life of Pleasure
These people do whatever they want to make them happy. They build their lives on staying happy in the current time and seeking pleasure.
Snooki & Reality Television Stars:
These reality T.V. stars in a lot
of cases can be classified as vulgarians.
Seeking things like wealth and fame and doing whatever they can to get it matches up with this form of happiness.
Contemplative
Prerequisite:
“Activity in accordance with virtue.” (an actively moral life)
Contemplation:
“the highest form of activity ... since the intellect is the highest thing in us.”
The Contemplative Life

Civil Rights Leaders
Mohandas Gandhi:
“One needs to be slow to form convictions, but once formed, they must be defended against the heaviest odds.”
- He lived his life in accordance with his ethics and virtue. (non- violent non-cooperation)
-He was contemplative.
Books
The Story of My Experiments with Truth
Satyagraha in South Africa
Hind Swaraj
Examples of Contemplatives
•Martin Luther King Jr:
- “Means we use must be as pure as the ends we seek.”
-He also lived consistently with his ethics. (the same as Gandhi’s)
- He went to jail 30 times for non-violent non-cooperation.
-He was contemplative.
Books and speeches
-Letter from Birmingham Jail
-I Have a Dream
Political
"identify happiness with honor"
"seem to pursue honor primarily in order to assure themselves of their own merit."
John McCain used his military
experience to help aid in his
Presidential Campaign, and people honored him for his
service.
"I believe in honor, faith and service — to one's country and to mankind".
Vulagrian
Contemplative
Political
Full transcript