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Roles, Responsibilities and Skills of a Coach

Level 3 BTEC Sports Coaching
by

Alice Tocknell

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of Roles, Responsibilities and Skills of a Coach

Roles, Responsibilities & Skills of a Coach
Sports Coaching
Conclusion
Roles
Innovator
Example: Shane Sutton - a coach with british cycling team in Beijing 2008. Combined scientific, data-based technology with specific training methods, developing a team mentality in a predominantly individual sport.
Friend
Manager
Example: Managing fixtures, equipment....
Trainer
Physical, technical and tactical demands
When planning fitness development sessions, what should coaches consider?
Age
Ability
Interests
Experience
Role Model
Educator
When do athletes learn best?
Coaching Styles
Command Style
Coach makes all the decisions
Advantages?

Disadvantages: Only works on single skills in isolation. Difficult to understand athletes prior knowledge
Reciprocal Style
Coach decides what is to be delivered, but involves the athlete in the decision making
Advantages: Good for developed athletes. Develops communication

Disadvantages?
Advantages?

Disadvantages: Lack of structure to session. Can develop bad techniques. TIME
Guided discovery style
Athletes control the session and make decisions. Coach is a mentor
Think of different coaches you have worked with as an athlete.

Can you identify a coach who used any of the leadership styles described?

How effective was their coaching for you as an athlete?
Command

Reciprocal

Guided discovery
Task - Coaching Styles
Responsibilties
Other than athletes, Who does a coach have responsibilities to?
Participants' parents or guardians
Club/school that coach is representing
Others coaches involved in the delivery of the session
The sport
Legal Obilgations
Child Protection


The Children Act (2004)
Insurance
Professional Conduct
Roles and Responsibilities
Skills of a Coach
Dealing with accidents and illness
Example...
Health and Safety
Equal Opportunities
Knowledge of the coaching environment
What legal obligations are associated with coaches?
Recap
Match the description to the correct term...
Command

Innovator

Reciprocal

Educator
Coach makes all the decisions
Coach decides what is to be delivered, but involves the athlete in the decision making
A term meaning new or original way of doing something
A coach will ......... so they can develop as performers
Child Protection
Coaches must have an awareness of child protection policies - PE Children and Young People
Prior to working with children in any capacity, a coach must have a Criminal Records Bureau check (CRB).

This checks for criminal records, and will be used by employers to determine whether a candidate is appropriate for work.

In some instances, coaches with criminal records will not be able to work with children.
Why is a CRB check important?
The Children Act (2004)
The act provides a legislative framework for services working with children and young people to improve their health, development and well-being.
Coaches need to recognise the main forms of child abuse
Physical Abuse
Sexual Abuse
Emotional Abuse
Neglect
failure to meet the child's basic needs like food and warm clothing

Persistant lack of love and affection

Using a child to meet own sexual need

Hurt or injury caused by an adult to a child
Insurance
Sports coaches should have the appropriate insurance cover to:
Take part
Lead a sport or physical activity session
A coach is responsible for the safety of athletes - if an athlete is injured under their supervision - the coach is liable and could be deemed negligent
Professional
conduct
A coach should always behave appropriately. As a coach your conduct and behaviour will determine the experience and future behaviour of the athlete's you coach
A good coach will....
demonstrate clear knowledge and experience of the sport
have appropriate coaching qualifications and relevant experience
dress appropriately
Speak clearly, using appropriate language
Respect all athletes of all abilities and treat them all equally
promote fair play
promote honesty
reward effort
Code of conduct
Health & Safety
If working with a group of U18 athletes, this responsibility becomes a duty of care
When should a coach consider health and safety?
It is the role of the sports coach to:
assess risk
protect athetes from injury and reduce likelihood of risk
deal with injuries and accidents when they occur
Extrinsic risk

Intrinsic risk
Extrinsic risk - something outside the body that may cause an injury

Intrinsic risk - a physical aspect of the body that may cause an injury
Overuse
Age
Innappropriate coaching
Environmental conditions (weather)
Poor preparation
Poor technique
Clashes with opponents
Postural defects
Muscle imbalance
Equipment failure
Loose clothing
First Aid
A coach should ensure athletes seek professional advice asap if:
a majory injury is sustained during a session - fracture, severe bleeding, head injury
a minor injury is sustained during a session - muscle strain, cuts or bleeding
they become ill - vomiting, headache
Sports coaches will benefit from obtaining a first aid qualification to ensure they know what action needs to be taken in case of injury
Equal Opportunities - What does it mean?
How do you achieve it?
Coaches need to make sure coaching sessions are accessible to all, without prejudice to age, gender, race, ethnicity, religion, sexuality, socio-economic status or ability
Knowledge of coaching environment
The more a coach knows about the coaching environment, the more organisation and professionalism they can demonstrate when running a session.
Location of....

changing rooms
toilets
first aid box
designated first aid room
First-aider if appropriate
During a coaching session you could be presented with any of the following...
a player suffers a minor injury e.g. cut/bruise/strain

a player suffers a major injury e.g. broken bone

a player becomes ill e.g. vomiting
For each scenario, explain what actions you would take to deal with the problem
Imagine each scenario occurs in the sports hall - identify the qualified contact and explain how they would be contacted. What procedure would need to be followed?
Communication
Organisation
Time-management
Problem-solving
Evaluating Skills
Choose 5 you think a coach needs and rank them in order of importance
skills
1
....2
....3
.....4
...5
What?
When?
How?
Fail to plan, plan to fail
What types of communication are there?
Why is the use of demonstration important?
List things you think are important to remember when communicating with young children...
Scenario 1
Scenario 2
Scenario 3
You have planned a football coaching session with the aim of improving dribbling.

The majority of the activities you have planned require each player to dribble with a ball.

You have 12 balls, but 18 players.

What do you do?
You are coaching a tennis session. You arrive at the local tennis centre and all the courts are booked.

The receptionist tells you that there are 2 squash courts free.

What do you do?
You are coaching a basketball session; on arrival at the sports hall you find the storage room is locked and no key is avaliable.

There are 14 players waiting to participate.

What do you do?
Evaluation is observing yourself or someone else and assessing the effectiveness of your, or their, performance
Evaluate own performance to form basis of future session plans
Why should we evaluate every session in terms of session effectiveness?
Evaluate performance of the athlete or team, and produce a training programme based around their performance
Why?
Why does a coach need good time-management skills?
What different sections of a session should be timed?
Recap...
Name two types of communication
Name 10 things that need to be organised before you coach a session
What coaching skill 'P' means you have to think on your feet?
What does it mean for a coach to analyse?
What two things should be evaluated at the end of a session?
2 minute task.... Get into partners....
Describe these words.....

WITHOUT SPEAKING
Move

Jump

Run

Clap
Happy

Eating

Tennis serve

Rugby Kick
Full transcript