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The Electoral College

It's history, pros and cons, and alternative choices

Hazu Ai

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of The Electoral College

The Electoral College It's history, pros and cons, and alternative options History of the Electoral College text Established in Article II of the Constitution and amended by the 12th amendment in 1804

The 12th amendment says the president is the person who obtains the most Electoral votes

The problem:
How to elect a nation's president when everyone is spread out miles apart with no transportation or communication Conclusion Summary Summary Cons Minority Presidency: Conclusion Questions? Alternative Options A direct popular vote, with a runoff between
the top two finishers if no candidate receives
40 percent of the vote.
A district plan awarding two electoral votes
to state's popular vote leader and the others
to the winner in each congressional district.
A proportional method dividing each state's
electoral vote to mirror its popular vote,
which would do away with the winner-take-
all nature of counting electoral votes. Direct Election with instant run-off voting voters would rank their preferences rather than marking only one candidate. The ballots are then counted the candidate with the lowest number of votes is eliminated
Direct vote with Plurality Rule abolish the
Electoral College and require each person to cast one vote for the candidate of their choice.
Congressional District Method divides electoral votes by district, allocating 1 vote to each district, +2 for statewide popular vote winner. Pros Federal System National Government State Government Pros A. Divides and shares power between states and national government
1. Representative Democracy
2. Article II, Section 1 of Constitution
3. One group should not have limited power. B. Gives power to smaller states
1. If democracy, candidates would not visit smaller states
2. 22 smallest states have less than California’s population but nearly twice as many electoral votes.
3. Consistently popular around U.S. C. Other factors
1. Encourages 2-party system
2. No recount & certain results
3. Reduces fraud D. Difficult to abolish
1. 3/4s of state’s votes + 2/3 votes from both houses
2. Smaller states would probably not vote to abolish it.
3. Don’t agree on new format Pros Majority Preference Voting
Voters rank their preferences percent.
Biding Proposal amend the Constitution
to bind all electors federally.
National Bonus Plan Adds another 102
electoral votes (two for each state and
the District of Columbia) and award all
of the bonus votes to the national
popular vote winner. Answers anyone? 1.Have Congress choose the president. Problem?

2.State legislature selects the president. Problem?

3.President elected by a direct popular vote. Problem again??

4.President elected by indirect vote through a College of Electors. Yes! The Process Citizen’s vote every 4 years for the new President

The ballots are cast and counted

Electors meet up and vote for their state Certificate of vote is sent into congress

House and senate count votes and announce the President How To Amend the U.S. Constitution Two different ways:
Having three or more candidates
A candidate with a very small popular vote in just enough states, and the other with a large margin in a fewer states. Faithless Electors One who has promised to vote for the candidate whom won in the state in which he/she represents, but instead voter for a different candidate. This has happened 7 times in history Federal laws against it:
9 states (and the District of Columbia) have legal control over how the electors vote.
21 stated have no requirements or repercussions. Depressing A Third Party Winner takes all method. Reinforces a two party system.

Discourages independent candidates.

Restricts options available to electorate. Depresses voter turnout Heavy republican/democratic states What if your vote was worth less than a resident in another state? The Electoral College was established in the 12th amendment of the Constitution in 1804
The President is selected by a council of electors by indirect vote
Divides and shares power between State and National Government
Gives power to smaller states to create a fair and balanced approach to voting
Difficult to abolish
Minority Presidency: There can be three or more candidates
Faithless Electors: Elector chooses not to vote for the candidate of which that state voted
Alternative Options
A direct popular vote, A proportional method, and the National Bonus Plan seemed to be the most sought after alternative options
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