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Copy of Modal Verbs

Learning about Modal Verbs

Adriana Morales

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Modal Verbs

A maze you can find your way through Modal Verbs What is a modal verb exactly? Modal verbs are a special group of verbs used to express the speaker's opinion about, or attitude towards something.

We use modal verbs to show if we believe something is certain, probable, or possible...
...or uncertain, improbable or impossible.

We also use them to talk about ability,
ask permission and to make
requests and offers. Let's Look at Some Examples
(then modal verbs won't seem so scary) I can speak English.
You should be more careful on your bike.
I must remember to phone my mother.
I have to go to class.
I would always go to the park on weekends.
May I leave early today?
Could I use your pencil? Modal Verbs are Different from Other Verbs They don't use an 's' for the third person singular. There is no "do/ does" or "don't/doesn't" Do you would like to come with me?

Do you would like to come with me?

Would you like to come with me? OK, so how do I use modal verbs? Wait a minute... modal verbs are still crazy difficult. That's a lot of rules Yes. That's why we are working on modal verbs. They can be very hard to use correctly. Did you make
it out of the
maze? The Modal Verbs Are: can
(have to)
(need to)
(ought to) Yikes! That's a lot! Model Verbs
are also called
auxiliary verbs or helping verbs because they are not complete verbs and can only be used WITH other verbs He hikes.

He cans hike.

He cans hike.

He can hike. no!! yes!! They don't can be serious.

They don't can be serious.

They can't be serious. yes! no!! yes! no! Modal verbs do not have infinitives, they are followed directly by the infinitive of another verb.

...don't use "to" with them to can
can to must
must She must study.
We should have gone the other way.
He could play football when he was very young. Modal Verbs do not have all the tenses. Modal verbs use other verbs to complete the tenses. Can is completed with to be able to.

She can play the piano.
She used to be able to play the piano when she was a child.
She will be able to play the piano after her lessons.

Must is completed with have to.

She must go to bed.
She had to go to bed early before her exam.
She will have to go to bed early tonight. PROBABILITY We use these modal verbs when we want to make a guess about something. They make questions by inversion She can go with me to see a movie?

Can she go with me to see a movie? no!! To talk about PROBABILITY.

To talk about ABILITY.

To talk about OBLIGATION or give ADVICE.

To ask and give PERMISSION.

To talk about HABITS. We choose the verb depending on how sure we are. I am waiting for Julie with another friend, David.
I ask: "Where is Julie?"
David guesses:

She must be on the bus.
She might come soon.
She could be lost.
She may be in the wrong classroom.
She can't still be at home. ABILITY We use can and could to talk about a skill or an ability. General Ability Specific Ability This is something that once you have learned you can do anytime you want.

I can swim. This is something you can or can't do in a particular situation.

I can't pick up that box. It is too heavy. OBLIGATION & ADVICE Use must or should to say when something is necessary (or unnecessary) or to give advice. Students must do their homework.
We have to wear a uniform at work.
You should stop smoking.
You should have gone to bed earlier, now you are late for work. PERMISSION We can use verbs such as "can", "could" and "may" to ask for and give permission.

May I leave early today?
Can we swim in the pool?

We also use modal verbs to say something is not allowed.

You may not use the computer tonight.
You cannot leave your clothes on the floor. HABITS We use "will" or "would" to talk about things we usually do or things we did in the past. When I lived in Honduras I would only wear sandals, never boots.

She would always play the piano after everyone else was in bed. OK - that's why we are going to practice them.

Over and over and over again.

Here in class and with even more exercises and activities on Blackboard. If it helps use some modal verbs to talk about modal verbs... I must use modal verbs correctly.
I should practice my modal verbs.
I will never use the infinitive form when I use modal verbs.
Can you practice modal verbs with me?
I may have time tonight to work on modal verbs.
I shouldn't watch television, I should do a modal quiz instead!
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