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Wudhu (Ablution) UNDER CONSTRUCTION
Transcript of Wudhu (Ablution) UNDER CONSTRUCTION
by Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi
Effort by a Student of
Zaynab Academy WUDHU (ABLUTION) 1. Should face the qiblah and sit on an elevated place so the water does not splash on oneself.
2. Recite Bismillahir Rahmânir Raheem
3. Wash hands upto the wrist 3 times.
4. Rinse the mouth three times and use a miswâk. If there is no miswâk, a thick cloth or the fore-finger can be used to cleanse the teeth.
If not fasting, then gargle thoroughly. However, if one is fasting, then should not gargle thoroughly because water can go down the throat. 5. Rinse the nose 3 times & clean it with left hand. However, the fasting person should not allow the water to go beyond the soft-bone of the nose. 7. Wash the right & then left hand including the elbows. Make khilâl of the fingers. i.e. pass the fingers of one hand through the fingers of the other hand.
If there is a ring or any jewelery on the fingers, it should be removed so that no part is left dry. 8. Masah of the head (passing
wet hands over the head). Fresh water is not required for the masah of the ears. Whatever water is left on the hands after making masah of the head will be sufficient. 9. Masah of the ears by inserting the forefingers into the ears & making masah of the back of the ear-lobes with the thumb of each hand. 10. Masah of the neck with
the back of the fingers of
both hands. 11. Wash the right & then the left foot up to and including the ankles. Make khilâl of the toes with the little finger of the left hand.
When making khilâl, commence with the little toe of the right foot & end at the little toe of the left foot. STEPS 6. Wash the face three times From the hair-line till below the chin, & from one ear-lobe to the other.
Water must reach all these places & no place should remain dry even below the eye brows. Masah of the fore-neck/throat should not be made as this is prohibited. O Allah, Purify my mouth: Enlighten my heart: Purify my body; And make my body unlawful to the Fire & make me with your mercy from your pious slaves. Dua when using MASWAK Fardh, Sunnah & Mustahab Acts of Wudhu If even a part of the fardh act is
left out or is not completed i.e. even a place equal to a hair's breadth is left dry, the wudhu will be incomplete & will be regarded
as if not performed at all. There are 4 fardh acts in wudhu:-
1. To wash the entire face once.
2. To wash both hands up to & including the elbows once.
3. To make masah of 1/4 of the head once.
4. To wash both feet up to & including the ankles once. Fardh Acts: Sunnah Acts It is a sin to leave sunnah
acts unnecessarily. but wudhu will be
regarded as complete. Carrying out these
acts will entail reward & has been
emphasised in the Shariah. Sunnah Acts of Wudhu 1. To say Bismillahir Rahmânir Raheem.
2. To wash both hands up to the wrists.
3. To rinse the mouth.
4. To wash the nose.
5. To use miswâk.
6. To make masah of the entire head.
7. To wash each part three times.
8. To make masah of the ears.
9. To make khilâl of the fingers and toes. Apart from this, the balance of the acts
are mustahab. Wudhu will be regarded as complete when the 4 fardh acts are carried out, irrespective one's intention.
e.g. at the time of bathing, or falls into a well/river, or stands in the rain. In all these conditions, if the limbs of wudhu get wet, wudhu will be regarded as complete.
However, one will not get the reward of wudhu. Khilâl of the beard should be done 3 times after washing the face.
Khilâl should not be made more than 3 times.
To wash the chin if there is no hair of the beard or very little such that the skin is visible.
To wash part of the lips which can be seen when the lips are normally closed.
Should not close eyes & mouth very tightly. This is makruh. Reason: If they are shut tightly to the extent that the lips or eye-lashes remain dry, the wudhu will not be regarded as complete.
If the hair of the beard, moustache or eyebrows is so thick that the skin cannot be seen, then it is NOT fardh to wash that skin which is not visible. To pour water over it is sufficient. FEW MORE FARDH ACTS To do wudhu exactly as it has been mentioned above.
If one alters or reverses the procedure, wudhu will still be regarded as complete. However, it won't be in accordance with the sunnah, & there is the fear of sin.
After washing one part, one should not delay in washing the next part to such an extent that the 1st part gets dry.
If, after washing the 2nd part, the 1st part gets dry; wudhu will be regarded as complete, but will be contrary to the sunnah.
To pass the hand on the part that is being washed so that no place is left dry.
e.g. when washing the arms. FEW MORE SUNNAH ACTS If the left hand or the left foot is washed first, wudhu will be completed, but will be contrary to mustahab.
It is mustahab to prepare for wudhu & salât well before the prayer time.
If rings, bangles, bracelets, etc. are loose that water will reach under them without removing, it will still be mustahab to remove them.
If they are so tight that there is a possibility of water not reaching under them, then it will be necessary & wajib to remove them. A similar rule applies to the nose ring: i.e. if it is loose, then mustahab to move it, & if is tight, then it will be wajib to move it around so that water reaches everywhere.