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Carl Jung's Theory of Personality
Transcript of Carl Jung's Theory of Personality
Preoccupied with external world of people, experiences, etc.
Preoccupied with the inner world (thoughts, feelings, experiences, etc.)
The introverted attitude is more concerned with subjective appraisal and often gives more consideration to fantasies and dreams.
Characteristic Traits: very self-aware, thoughtful, tends to keep emotions private, learns well through observation, more gregarious and social around people they know well.
The final two functions —
— may seem very similar, but there is an important distinction.
refers to the means by which a person knows something exists and
is knowing about something without conscious understanding of where that knowledge comes from.
Also two ends in a continuance.
<--->. All about the object. Referred to as irrational/perceptive because no decisions are made.
For Jung, there are four functions that when combined with one of his two attitudes, formed the eight different personality types. The first function —
— is the method by which a person understands the value of conscious activity. Another function —
— allows a person to understand the meanings of things. This process relies on logic and careful mental activity.
Feeling and thinking are two ends on a continuance. <----------->. All about you. Often referred to as rational/judgemental, because decisions are to be made.
8 personality types
defined by jung
introversion and extroversion
The four functions on a compass
Carl Jung - Psychoanalytic Theorist
This attitude places more importance on objectivity and gains more influence from the surrounding environment than by inner cognitive processes.
characteristic traits: leadership behavior, assertive, enjoys being the center of attention, action oriented, talkative, seeking social interaction, Learns best through direct experience. Often gathers ideas from outside sources,
Enjoys working with others in groups, etc.
Many people carry qualities of both attitudes, considering the subjective and the objective.
While a person faces one direction, he or she still uses the other points as a guide. Most people keep one function as the dominant, although some people may develop two over a lifetime. It is only the person who achieves self-realization that has completely developed all four functions.
Jung theorized that people understand the world through a mix of concrete ideas and abstract ones, but the abstract concepts are ones passed down from other people. Extroverted thinkers are often found working in the research sciences and mathematics.
These individuals interpret stimuli in the environment through a subjective and creative way. The interpretations are informed by internal knowledge and understanding. Philosophers and theoretical scientists are often introverted thinking-oriented people.
These people perceive the world as it really exists. Their perceptions are not colored by any pre-existing beliefs. Jobs that require objective review, like wine tasters and proofreaders, are best filled by extroverted sensing people.
These people make judgments based on subjective ideas and on internally established beliefs. Oftentimes they ignore prevailing attitudes and defy social norms of thinking. Introverted feeling people thrive in careers as art critics.
These individuals interpret the world through the lens of subjective attitudes and rarely see something for only what it is. They make sense of the environment by giving it meaning based on internal reflection. Introverted sensing people often turn to various arts, including portrait painting and classical music.
These people prefer to understand the meanings of things through subliminally perceived objective fact rather than incoming sensory information. They rely on hunches and often disregard what they perceive directly from their senses. Inventors that come upon their invention via a stroke of insight and some religious reformers are characterized by the extroverted intuitive type.
Jung thought, These Individuals are profoundly influenced by their internal motivations even though they do not completely understand them. They find meaning through unconscious, subjective ideas about the world. Introverted intuitive people comprise a significant portion of mystics, surrealistic artists, and religious fanatics.
Good at recognizing patterns, good at taking abstract information and making sense of it.
A person is not usually defined by only one of the eight personality types.
the different functions exist in a hierarchy.
One function will have a superior effect and another will have a secondary effect. Usually, according to Jung,
a person only makes significant use of two functions
. The other two take inferior positions.
which combination best describes your unique Learning style?
In addition to influencing personality assessment,
Jung's dimensions can also be used to assess and describe various learning styles
While each dimension represents a unique aspect of a learning style, it is important to remember that your own individual learning style may include a combination of these dimensions. For example, your learning style might include elements of extroverted, sensing, feeling, and perceiving learning styles.
About 60% of learners are extroverted learners.
Approximately 40% of learners are introverted learners.
The process of extroverted Feeling often involves a
desire to connect
or disconnect from
and is often evidenced by expressions of warmth (or displeasure) and self-disclosure.
Using this process, we respond according to expressed or even unexpressed wants and needs of others.
We may ask people what they want or need or self-disclose to prompt them to talk more about themselves.
This often sparks conversation and lets us know more about them so we can better adjust our behavior to them.
Often with this process, we feel pulled to be responsible and take care of others' feelings, sometimes to the point of not separating our feelings from theirs.
recognize and adhere to shared values, feelings, and social norms to get along.
The Introverted Learning Style
they prefer to:
solve problems on their own
Listen, watch, and Reflect
Introverted learners enjoy generating energy and ideas from internal sources, such as
, and theoretical exploration. These learners prefer to
think about things before attempting to try a new skill
. If you enjoy solitary studying,
, you are probably an introverted learner.
Extraverted Learning Style
Extraverted learners enjoy generating energy and ideas from other people. They prefer socializing and working in groups.
Learning activities include:
teaching others how to solve a problem
learning by experience
( example: Using Manipulatives)
based on Jung's Theory of Personality
Sensing Learning Style
these individuals as being interested in the external world. They tend to be realistic and practical, preferring to rely on information gained through experience. While people with a sensing learning style enjoy order and routine, they also tend to be very quick to adapt to changing environments and situations.
focuse on the present
Are Practical and reasonable
Utilize experience and common sense to solve problems
Keenly observe the surrounding world
Approximately 65% of learners have a sensing learning style
Intuitive Learning Style
Intuitive learners tend to focus more on the world of possibility. Unlike sensing learners who are interested in the here and now, intuitive learners enjoy considering ideas, possibilities, and potential outcomes. These learners like abstract thinking, daydreaming, and imagining the future.
Approximately 35% of learners are intuitive learners.
Intuitive Learning Traits:
Prefers to work in short sessions, rather than finishing a task all at once
Enjoys new challenges, experiences and situations
More likely to look at the big picture rather than the details
Like theories and abstract ideas
Thinking Learning Style
Individuals with a thinking learning style tend to focus more on the structure and function of information and objects. Thinking learners utilize rationality and logic when dealing with problems and decisions. These learners often base decisions on personal ideas of right, wrong, fairness, and justice.
Approximately 55% of males and 35% of females have a thinking learning style.
Traits of Thinking Learners:
Interested in logic and patterns
Dislike basing decisions on emotions
Bases decisions on reason and logic
People with a feeling style manage information based on the initial emotions and feelings it generates. Individuals with this learning style are interested in personal relationships, feelings, and social harmony. If you base decisions on emotions and dislike conflict, you might have a feeling learning style.
Feeling Learning Style
Approximately 45% of males 65% of females are feeling learners.
Traits of Feeling Learners:
Interested in people and their feelings
In tune with their own emotions and those of other people
Base decisions on immediate feelings
Generates excitement and enthusiasm in group settings
Judging Learning Style
Judging learners tend to be very decisive. In some cases, these learners may actually make decisions too quickly before learning everything they need to know about a situation. These learners prefer order and structure, which is why they tend to plan out activities and schedules very carefully. If you are highly organized, detail-oriented, and have strong opinions, you might be a judging learner.
Approximately 45% of people are judging learners.
Traits for Judging Learners:
Do not like ambiguity or mystery
Tend to be firm in their decisions
Very organized and structured
Generally follows the rules
Perceiving Learning Style
Perceiving learners tend to make decisions impulsively in response to new information and changing situations. However, these learners tend to focus more on indulging their curiosity rather than making decisions. Unlike judging learners who tend not to change their minds, perceiving learners prefer to keep their options open. If you tend to start many projects at once (often without finishing any of them), avoid strict schedules, and jump in to projects first without planning, you might be a perceiving learner
Approximately 55% of people are perceiving learners.
Traits of Perceiving learners:
Often make impulsive decisions
Change decisions based on new information
Dislike structure and organization
Tends to be very flexible and adaptable
Sometimes has trouble making decisions
Introverted Sensing often involves storing data and information, then comparing and contrasting the current situation with similar one
Jung's Learning Styles