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International Development Cooperation

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Sara Marcos

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of International Development Cooperation

Sharing Experiences in International Development Cooperation
Peru
Foster Home for Teenage Mothers
"MANTAY"
VIETNAM
Dong Thap Community College
Spain
Association "REDOLÍ" for
International Development Cooperation
CUSCO
Foster home for teenage mothers
MANTAY
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
TARGET 1.A:
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day

TARGET 1.B:
Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people

TARGET 1.C:
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
TARGET 2.A:
Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.

TARGET 3.A:
Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
Very successful in increasing
girls participation in education
at primary and secondary levels.
TARGET 4.A:
Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
The number of deaths in children under five worldwide have declined but it was still 6.9 million in 2011.
Mortality is more likely to strike children in rural areas.
Children born into poverty are almost twice as likely to die before the age of five as those from wealthier families.
Children of educated mothers—even mothers with only primary schooling—are more likely to survive than children of mothers with no education.
TARGET 5.A:
Reduce by three quarters
the maternal mortality ratio.
TARGET 5.B:
Achieve universal access
to reproductive health
An estimated 287,000 maternal deaths occurred in 2010 worldwide, a decline of 47 per cent from 1990, but levels are far removed from the 2015 target.

The maternal mortality ratio in developing regions is still 15 times higher than in the developed regions.

The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed.
The large increase in contraceptive use in the 1990s was not matched in the 2000s.
The unmet need for family planning remains persistently high in regions with low levels of contraceptive use.

More pregnant women are receiving care
with the recommended frequency, but gaps
still exist in regions most in need.
Fewer teens are having children in most developing regions, but progress has slowed.
health care and family planning remains low.
Official Development Assistance for reproductive
TARGET 6.C:
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
TARGET 6.A:
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
TARGET 6.B:
Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV transmission remains low among young people, along with condom use.
More people than ever are living with HIV due to fewer AIDS-related deaths and the continued large number of new infections.
Access to treatment
for people living with HIV increased in all regions.

Countries with improved access to malaria control interventions saw child mortality rates fall by about 20 per cent.
The global estimated incidence of malaria has decreased by 17 per cent since 2000, and malaria-specific mortality rates by 25 per cent.
The anti-tuberculosis drive is closing in on a 50 per cent cut in the 1990 death rate and more TB patients are being successfully treated.
TARGET 7.A:
Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
TARGET 7.B:
Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010,
a significant reduction in the rate of loss
TARGET 7.C:
Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
TARGET 7.D:
Achieve, by 2020, a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
Forest area increase in Asia is helping to slow, but not reverse, global losses worldwide.


Of all developing regions, South America and Africa saw the largest net losses of forest areas between 2000 and 2010.
Growth in protected areas varies across countries and territories and not all protected areas cover key biodiversity sites.

By 2010, protected areas covered 12.7 per cent of the world’s land area but only 1.6 per cent of total ocean area.
11% of the global population (783 million people) remains without access to an improved source of drinking water and, at the current pace, 605 million people will still lack coverage in 2015.

Access to improved sanitation facilities increased from 36 per cent in 1990 to 56 per cent in 2010 in the developing regions as a whole.

Despite progress, 2.5 billion in developing countries still lack access to improved sanitation facilities.
The target was met well in advance of the 2020 deadline.

The share of urban slum residents in the developing world declined from 39 per cent in 2000 to 33 per cent in 2012.

Nevertheless, 863 million people are estimated to be living in slums.
TARGET 8.B:
Address the special needs of least developed countries
TARGET 8.C:
Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
TARGET 8.D:
Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
TARGET 8.E:
In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
TARGET 8.F:
In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
TARGET 8.A:
Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
There is a $167 billion gap between actual aid disbursement and the amounts committed by donor countries.

A delayed impact from the economic crisis on donor country budgets between 2013 and 2015 threatens to further widen the delivery gap.
MAIN CAUSES FOR GLOBAL INEQUALITY:
From "Vulnerabilidad y desastres. Causas estructurales y procesos de la crisis de África" by Karlos Pérez de Armiño

- WHAT?
- WHY?
* Causes
- FOR WHAT?
* Objectives Millennium Development Goals
- HOW?
* Plan > Programme > Project
* PROJECT
- wHO?
* Actors
* Funds

INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION

VIETNAM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
− Eliminate the GENDER gap in primary and secondary education among ethnic minorities by 2010.
− Promote further public administration REFORM.
− Reduce VULNERABILITY and develop social safety nets to support the poor and the disadvantaged.
− Preserve culture of ethnic MINORITY groups.
− Provide JOBS to 1.6 million people per annum.
− Ensure that 85% of the rural population and 95% of the urban population have access to clean and safe WATER by 2010.
− Increase the percentage of FOREST cover to 43% by 2010.
− Slow the increase in spread of HIV/AIDS by 2005 and halve the rate of increase by 2010.
− Reduce, by 2010, the MATERNAL MORTALITY rate to 70 per 10,000 liver births.
− Reduce the INFANT MORTALITY rate to 20 per 1,000 live births by 2010.
− Reduce by 50% the percentage of people living below an international accepted POVERTY line between 2001 and 2010 that means from 32% in 2000 to 15-16% in 2010.
− Increase net enrolment in primary EDUCATION to 97% by 2005 and to 99% by 2010.
ASSOCIATION REDOLÍ
for international
development
cooperation
Richest 300 persons on earth
have more money
than poorest 3 billion
Annual income of richest 100 people enough to end global poverty four times over
Of the world's 100 largest economic entities, 51 are now corporations and 49 are countries
In Vietnam
From a poverty rate of 58.1% in 1993, to a rate of 14.5% in 2008.
Impressive progress:
Malnutrition decreased from 41% to 11.7% in 2011.
However:
Big inequalities among ethnic minorities, vulnerable groups (children, women and non-registered migrants) and in disadvantaged areas.
has made significant progress in achieving universal primary education:
In 2009 the net enrolment rate in primery school was 95.5%
VIETNAM
Literacy rate of people aged 15-24 reachs 97%
HOWEVER
PLAN
PROGRAMME 1
PROGRAMME 2
PROGRAMME 3
PR0JECT 1.1
PR0JECT 1.2
PR0JECT 2.1
PR0JECT 2.2
PR0JECT 3.1
PR0JECT 3.2
Inequalities by poverty, distance,
gender and poor infrastructure
Obsoleted educational system, focus heavily on academic knowledge, instead of competencies
BUT:
Gender-based violence is acknowledged to be a serious problem in Viet Nam
Women are concentrated in vulnerable types of employment and they have lower wages
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