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Social Development

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Jenny Nguyen

on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of Social Development

Self Concept
Origins of Attachment
Social Development
Effects of Attachment
Deprivation of Attachment
the stimulation and attention of a regular caregiver or face conditions of abuse or neglect are often withdrawn, frightened, or speechless.
: Those abandoned in Romanian orphanages during the 1980s looked "frighteningly like Harlow's monkeys." If institutionalized more than 8 months, they often bore lasting emotional scars.
Extreme childhood trauma can leave footprints on the brain such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, or seeing torture.
Secure Attachment Predicts Social Competence
Securely attached children approach life with a sense of basic trust
basic trust
-a sense that the world is predicable and reliable
Erikson theorized that basic trust is attributed to early parenting.
Infants that have loving caregivers for a lifelong attitude of trust instead of fear
Many researchers believe that our early attachments form the foundations of our early adult relationship
3 types of parenting styles
Very strict. Expect utter obedience and have a lot of rules.
Easy parents. Let children have what they want. Tend to Spoil children.
Demanding and easy. Have control, but give reasons why. Authoritative Parents are the most successful parents.
Although Authoritative parents seems most successful, this isn't always true. Causation and Correlation.
Factors that factor in:
Authoritative parents are usually educated and not in poverty.
This can also have an affect, and not just the way the child is taught that affect the child.
Child-Rearing Practice
Responsive Parenting
When placed in a strange situation, approx. 60 percent of infants display secure attachment. The other 40% display insecure attachment.
Secure attachment
: Infants play happily in their mother's presence, and when she leaves they become distressed, in her return, they seek contact with her.
Insecure attachment
: Infants are less likely to explore their surroundings; they may even cling to their mother. When their mother leaves, they either cry loudly and remain upset or seem indifferent to their mother's going and returning.
Babies are social creatures that are attracted to humans! They prefer the familiar faces and voices of people they know, and they coo and gurgle when they have their parents' attention.

As object permanence starts to emerge and they start to become mobile, they develop a fear of strangers-
stranger anxiety
- and they cling onto their parents tightly. The social bond between an infant and their parent is called
Disruption of Attachment
Separated from their family, infants become upset, withdrawn, and despairing.
Infants can recover from separation distress if placed into a positive and stable environment.
: In studies of adopted children, it is found that children between 6-16 months of age were taken away from their foster mother have difficulty eating, sleeping, and relating to their new mothers.
Infants becomes attached to those who satisfy their need for nourishment.
Humans are attached to ones who are soft and warm, who rock, feed, and pat.
Human attachment also consists of one person providing another with a save haven when distressed.
As we mature, our secure base and safe haven shifts - from parent to peers and partners
Familiarity and contact is the key to attachment.
Body contact
Secure Attachment Predicts Social Competence
Deprivation of Attachment
Disruption of Attachment
Does Day Care Affect Attachment?
Does Day Care Affect Attachment?
Researchers found that day care does not disrupt children's attachment to their parents.
Children who spent time in day care had slightly advanced thinking and language skills as well as increased aggressiveness and defiance.
All children need consistent warm relationships with people they can learn to trust.
Familiarity is a safe signal.
The first moving object a duckling or chick sees hours after hatching is normally it's mother. From then on, they only follow their mother. This process is called
Konrad Lorenz wondered: What would ducklings do if he was the first moving creature they observe?
Indeed, they began to follow Konrad.
Children become attached to what they've known.
Like to reread the same books, rewatch the same movies, reenact family traditions.
Prefer to eat familiar foods, live in the same familiar neighborhood, attend school with the same old friends.
Responsive Parenting (continued)
Researchers have studied mother care more often than they have with father care.
Infants lacking a caring mother are said the suffer "maternal deprivation".
Infants lacking a caring father are said to experience "father absence".
"Fathering a child" has meant impregnating; "mothering" has meant nurturing.
But evidence shows, a father's love is as important as a mother's.
Harlow Monkey
is developed in order for the child to know their identity and who they are.
We are able to tell whether a baby is aware of themselves by examining their behaviors.
Starts at the six month of child development.
How to test if the child has developed
In a mirror test, a red spot on the nose of a baby, and put the baby in front of the mirror, and see if the baby can point out their nose. If the baby can then they've developed Self-Concept.
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