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Physical - Diets

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Alyson K

on 6 January 2017

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Transcript of Physical - Diets

First...what makes a good diet?
According to Juliette Kellow, a professional Dietitian, to eat healthy she recommends eating foods from all the categories: vegetables, fruit, grain, protein, dairy.
Avoid processed foods and try to be eating more natural foods.
Maintain healthy portions and avoid eating huge meals, especially at night.
Avoid eating any trans fats.
Alkaline Diet
Other names for this diet are "alkaline ash diet", and "alkaline acid diet".
It restricts you from eating meat, dairy, sweets, caffeine, alcohol, processed or artificial foods, and emphasizes eating alkaline foods.
Since this diet does force you to eat only healthy foods, it can provide quick weight loss. However according to authoritynutrition.com, it restricts foods from groups that actually are healthy.
Alkaline diet advocates say the average American's diet is generally highly acid-forming. They promise the alkaline diet highly reduces the amount of acid. Therefore, it helps take off so much strain on the body's acid-detoxification system, like the kidneys.
On the contrary, many nutritionists argue that because food affects the Ph level of urine and not blood, the alkaline diet cannot significantly help your overall Ph level and health.

The Werewolf diet
The werewolf diet is also referred to as the lunar diet. This fad diet is arguably the most criticized and unrecommended by professionals. Fasting is based on the lunar calendar, whenever there is a full or new moon you can only drink water or juice.
According to moonconnection.com, you could lose 2 to 6 pounds in a single day. They argue that a lot of weight loss is permanent, though nutritionists don't believe that weight would stay off for long.
Many diet followers believe the moon has a strong connection to water, and by fasting the body will remove excess water and toxins. They believe the water in the body will be highly
influenced by the full moon.
In actuality, the moon doesn't
impact your weight
or body at all. Since any weight lost
will be mostly water weight,
it's usually gained back after the
fasting day ends.
More on "Water Weight"
Healthy Diets in Sum
Dietitians say that while certain aspects of the very restrictive diets, or "fad" diets may be healthy, people shouldn't follow them too much.
A healthy diet isn't really a specific "type" and it usually doesn't have a specific "name". Finding a healthy diet is something you and your doctor should figure out specifically for you, since your body has different needs than other bodies.
Again, generally eating a healthy diet is eating balanced foods from all the different groups, and usually eating in balanced portions more often throughout the day.
That isn't saying diets are bad, but more commonly diets are too restrictive without finding ways to be getting the nutrition you need from other foods to replace the ones cut out. For
instance, a vegetarian diet can still be completely healthy
so long as you replace protein usually obtained through
meat with substitutes like tofu, or supplements.
Caveman Aka Paleo Diet
According to thepaleodiet.com, this diet has many health benefits. They say eating the same way the cavemen did will help you lose weight and have a less chance of getting health problems like diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.
The diet restricts you to only eating foods straight from nature, the same foods that "cavemen" could eat. They prohibit consuming foods like dairy, alcohol, and grains. They do allow eating fruits, vegetables, lean meats, fish, nuts and seeds.
Many "fad" diets are either high fat low carb, or low carb high fat. The paleo diet is a high fat low carb diet, though calorie counting is not recommended. The diet allows you to eat whenever you're hungry, and not necessarily follow strict times or meal numbers.
Paleoleap.com says the diet also allows, and even recommends pairing the diet with vitamin supplements. They recommend supplementing with vitamin D, magnesium, iodine and vitamin K2. However, taking too many supplements or multivitamins isn't needed.

Which diets are helpful and which are harmful?
According to Mayo Clinic, when you go on restricted diets within the first few days or even weeks most people notice a rapid weight loss. Normally, those people aren't losing weight from fat, but rather their water weight. The body takes energy from stored glycogen if you aren't in taking your normal calorie amount, and the water attached to the glycogen is also released. Water weight is typically gained or lost fairly easily, and can even change your weight in the morning since your body becomes slightly dehydrated in mornings.

More on malnutrition:
Often people who follow the strict, "quick weight loss"
fad diets become malnourished.
According to
by Don Nardo, "The term malnutrition refers to a serious medical condition caused by an insufficient or improper diet".
The body being malnourished is very dangerous, and can impact the entire body. The body needs proper amounts of nutrients, and failing to get them can not only lead to long lasting physical damages, but can
also affect someone's mental health. It affects almost every organ system, and the body lacks energy it needs to get through the day. Anemia and extreme fatigue are also affects of malnutrition.
Nardo, Don. Malnutrition. Detroit: Lucent, 2007. Print.

"Nutrition Education." United States Department of Agriculture. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://healthymeals.nal.usda.gov/nutrition-education-9>.

"Paleo Diet 101 | Paleo Leap." Paleo Leap Paleo Diet Recipes Tips. N.p., 24 July 2010. Web. 20 May 2016. <http://paleoleap.com/paleo-101/>.
Wolf, Robb. "What Is The Paleo Diet?" Revolutionary Solutions to Modern Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2016. <http%3A%2F%2Frobbwolf.com%2Fwhat-is-the-paleo-diet%2F>.
"The Alkaline Diet Myth: An Evidence-Based Review." RSS 20. N.p., 02 Nov. 2014. Web. 19 May 2016. <https://authoritynutrition.com/the-alkaline-diet-myth/>.
"The Werewolf Diet." The Werewolf Diet. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2016. <http://www.moonconnection.com/werewolf-diet.phtml>.
"14 Keys to a Healthy Diet." @berkeleywellness. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2016. <http://www.berkeleywellness.com/healthy-eating/food/slideshow/14-keys-healthy-diet>.
"Weight Loss & Diet Plans - Find Healthy Diet Plans and Helpful Weight Loss Tools." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 25 May 2016. <http://www.webmd.com/diet/>.
"Healthy Eating." : Easy Tips for Planning a Healthy Diet and Sticking to It. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2016. <http://www.helpguide.org/articles/healthy-eating/healthy-eating.htm>.
"The 10 Most Famous Fad Diets of All Time." EverydayHealth.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2016. <http://www.everydayhealth.com/food/the-10-most-famous-fad-diets-of-all-time.aspx>.
"Fad Diets: Which to Avoid and How to Spot One." Fad Diets: Which to Avoid and How to Spot One. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://www.diet-blog.com/16/fad-diets.php>.
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