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Copy of Human Anatomy Concept Map

Kate Hardock Olivia Planas

Deidre Benton

on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Human Anatomy Concept Map

Circulatory System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Integumentary System
Nervous System
Reproductive System
Endocrine System
Respiratory System
Digestive System
Immune/Lymphatic System
White blood cells travel through circulatory system to protect body
Leukocytes are made in bone marrow
Circulatory system provides muscle w/glucose & oxygen for energy
Both responsible for maintaining body temperature
Signals from nervous system can change heart rate or constriction/dialation of blood cells
Blood supply to penis during erection
Hormones transported to target organs by blood
Lungs breathe in oxygen which is carried into the heart by the blood; essential to cell respiration
Capillary stream in villi for nutrient exhange
Neural Transmission
Fetal Development
Anterior/Posterior Pituitary
Gas Exchange
Mechanics of Breathing
Pulmonary Volume
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Cell-Mediated Immunity
Humoral-Mediated Immunity
Microscopic Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Connective Tissue
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Muscle Contraction
veins toward heart; arteries away
aorta & pulmonary artery carry oxygenated blood; superior/inferior vena cava carry deoxygenated blood
right side pumps to lungs; left side to body
red blood cells carry oxygen and nutrients
clotting: fibrinogen & thombrocytes
osseous, hyline cartilage, areolar, dense, adipose, blood
cells: blast, cyte, mast, clast, macrophage
cartilage, bones, ligaments, joints
Haversian System
osteocytes: mature bone cells
pathogens, antigens, antibodies
clumps form macrophages; recognize & destroy
steps of immune response: identify invaders, call for help, tag invaders, destroy invaders, remember invaders
macropage destroys pathogens & displays antigens; killer T cells release perforin & destroys infected cells; helper T cells recognize antigens & activates killer T cells; suppressor T cells turn off immune response
materials (water, blood cells, proteins) return to blood
lymph nodes: filter lymph; defense cells: macrophages, lymphocytes
bile digests fat
proteins=> amino acids
carbs=> glucose
fats=> fatty acids/glycerol
walls of stomach: 3 layers of muscle to churn food
carbohydrates, proteins, fats
FoodTracker Lab
tidal volume, expiratory reserve volume, inspiratory reserve volume, residual volume, vital capacity
diaphragm & intercostals
Boyle's Law: inversely proportional relationship between the absolute pressure and volume of a gas
carbon dioxide & oxygen exchanged in alveoli
oxygen diffuses from alveolar air to RBC's in capillary; carbon dioxide diffuses to blood from alveolar air
anterior hormones: growth hormone, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone
posterior hormones: oxytocin, antidiuretic hormone
activated by other hormones in chain reaction
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pineal, pancreas
cells secrete hormones in extracellular fluids
changing blood levels of certain ions stimulate
develops in uterus
XY chromosome: male; XX chromosome: female
menstrual cycle=28 days
testosterone is the male hormone
sperm fertilizes female's egg
action potential, vesicle fuses with plasma membrane, neurotransmitter released into synaptic cleft, neurotransmitter binds to receptor on receiving neuron's membrane
neurotransmitter types: acetylcholine, popamin, norepinephrine, seratonin, histamine, epinephrine
consists of nerves, receptors, ganglia, synapses
Afferent/Efferent subdivisions
consists of brain & spinal cord
astrocytes: form blood barier in CNS
oligodendrocytes: form myelin sheath in CNS
epidermis, dermis, superficial fascia
epidermis: protection
dermis: heat regulation
superficial: fat storage
connective, epithelium, muscle, nervous
squamous, cuboidal, columnar, pseudostratified columnar: epithelial tissue shapes
protection from diseases & infections
cutaneous sensations like touch, pressure, vibration, pain, cold, hot, etc, are felt by skin
steps: intention to move, neurotransmitter released from synapse, neurotransmitter binds to receptors on muscle cell, sodium ions flow into cells, calcium ions released, calcium ions bind to troponin, actin binding sites exposed, myosin heads bind to actin, myosin heads bend
path of unfertilized ovum after ovulation: fimbrae, fallopian tube, uterus, cervix, vagina
molecular participants: ATP, sodium ions, calcium ions, actin, myosin, ADP
connective tissue, muscle fibers, myofilaments, sarcomere
smooth, cardiac, and skeletal muscle
7 ways to name a muscle: number of origins, location of origin or insertion, location, shape, direction of muscle fibers, size, & action.
hormones travel through the blood
testes (a gland) make sperm cells
3 types of muscle tissue
pancreas (a gland) creates bile & hormones
6 connective tissues
controls heart rate
diaphragm (a muscle) contracts when inhaling
umbilical cord has 2 arteries and 1 vein
pituitary gland in CNS (brain)
Full transcript