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Science

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by

Lilia Gavitt

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Science

Volcanoes
Birds
Chemical
Reactions
B
i
r
t
h

s
t
o
n
e
s
sea life
sharks
poisonous sea creatures
turtles
animals with tenticals
other
starfish
sea turtle
- there are 7 different species of sea turtles in the world

- they can live up to 80 years

- they can migrate major distances at a time

- the first sea turtle lived 220 million years ago

- endangered species
land turtles
- there are over 320 species of land turtles

- they have no teeth

- they are very close to sea turtles

- are the same as tortoises but with a different name

- can be 1/2 an inch to 6 1/2 inches
octopus
squid
jellyfish
- the largest octopus is the North Pacific Giant Octopus

- some octopi can eat sharks

- very intelligent creatures

- have no bones

- long tentacles covered in suction cups that help it hunt
- can be 24in (2ft) to 40ft long

- they have 3 hearts

- live in both fresh and salt water

- adult female squids are larger than adult male
squid

- 1-2 year life span
hammer head
great white
Whale shark
- can glow in the dark

- lived 650 million years ago

- Mudusa is another word for jellyfish

- a group of jellyfish is called a bloom or a swarm

- box jellyfish are deadly to humans
stone fish
- extremely deadly

- weighs about 5 pounds

- lives for 5-10 years

- can kill a human in less than 2 minutes

- digs into sand and waits for prey to pass
Box jellyfish
- can grow up to 10 feet long

- can lay 1,000,000 eggs at a time

- has killed over 20,000 people

- live for less than one year
- can live 20-30 years when in the wild

- a group of sharks is called a shoal

- migrate when water gets warm

- live in moderate and tropical waters

- they do not have bones but have cartilage
instead
- largest shark in the world

- can have and lose over 1,000 teeth in its life time

- 20-30 year lifespan

- they never attack people purposefully they just mistake them for seals

- can swallow a sea lion hole

- can be 20 feet long
- live where the water is warm

- catches its prey by swimming with its large mouth open

- eats plankton and small fish

- can be 18-33 feet long. That's bigger than a bus

- harmless to anything bigger than a small fish

- has nostrils on the top of its head
barnacles
sea urchin
-
seahorse
- there are 40 known species of seahorses

- they avoid predators by blending in with plants

- eat plankton and small crustaceans

- has no teeth or stomach

- like to swim in pairs
- resembles a hedgehog or porcupine

- there are over 200 species of sea urchins in the world

- has no arms, claws, fins or eyes

- 4-5in long

- eats mostly plants, plankton, and sometimes small fish
- there are over 2,000 species of starfish

- starfish can have from 1-12 arms

- when an arm falls off or gets bitten off, they grow back within a few days

- has no blood or brain

- 5-10in long & 11 lbs
- crustacean

- related to crabs and lobsters

- they attach themselves to something hard and stay there for the rest of their lives

- they have legs

- they have a cement gland inside of them
how are volcanoes formed?

Volcanoes are formed when the mantle (a thick layer of solid rock under the surface of the earth) melts into liquid magma and rises to the surface.
When the magma rises it erupts through cracks between the tectonic plates becoming lava.
Also, there are hotspots in the middle of some tectonic plates causing pieces of the mantle to rise up above the surface. When this happens sometimes the center of the pieces melt into magma forming a volcano.

What causes volcanoes to erupt?
Tropical birds
Water birds
Arctic birds
Toucan
- there are 37 different species of toucans

- the biggest toucan is the Toco toucan

- a toucan's beak is estimated to be about 7.5in long

- can live up to 20 years

- the body can be up to 25in long (about 2feet & 1in)

- they weigh about 20oz
parrot
- there are over 300 species of parrots in the world

- they are about 4-40in long

- some parrots can live up to 80 years

- about 100 species of parrots are vulnerable/endangered
from being captured as pets

- they like tropical rainforest
Blue & Yellow Macaw
Lorikeet
science
- related to parrots

- average 3-4 lbs

- most live 4-8 years

- they like to eat human foods rather than normal animal foods

- are good as pets (like parrots)
any questions
- can be about 30cm tall

- can weigh about 140 grams

- can have a 25-28 year life span

- are found in Australia

- have red eyes
Flamingo
- their eyes are bigger than their brain

- 3-5 ft long

- strong swimmers and fliers

- only stay in shallow waters

- legs can grow up to 50in long

- legs can be longer than their body
Pelican
- they are carnivores

- 10ft wing span

- weigh 30lbs

- body can grow up to 6ft tall

- found in Africa and Mexico

- catches fish with pocket underneath beak
Blue Heron
- long legs help go in deep waters

- 135 nests in Washington

- wing span can grow up to 2m

- lays about 3-6 pale blue eggs at a time

- predators include; bald eagles, great horned owls, hawks, bears, and raccoons

- will nest in groups of 5-500 nests in one colony
swans
- legs are normally black, grey and two of the species have pink legs

- 6-7 species of swans in the world

- weigh about 15 kg

- are about 1.5m/60in

- related to geese and ducks
penguins
- 17 species of penguins in the world

- 6 of 17 species live in Antarctica

- can stay under water for as long as 10-15 minutes

- they are about 28in long

- weigh about 11lbs

- can dive 275 feet under water
Snowy Owl
- hunt day and night

- hang out at airports because has open space

- feathers have no pigment

- a group of owls is called a bazaar, glaring, parliament, stooping, wisdom

- adults dive bomb predators when near nest
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
(Garnet)
(Amethyst)
(Aqua Marine)
(diamond)
(Emerald)
(Ruby)
(Lavender)
(Peridot)
(Sapphire)
(Pink Tourmaline)
(Citrine)
(Blue Topaz)

- they can appear orange when not polished

- can be orange, yellow, purple, green, black, brown, white, clear or pink

- they are made up of multiple minerals

- 6.5-8.0 on the hardness scale

- you can find them mostly in Madagascar

- are one of the most rare gems in the world
- 7 on the hardness scale

- it is a mineral

- mostly found in Brazil and Zambia

- it helps keep those born in February on an even keel

- can be purple white and orange

- it is the same kind of mineral as quartz
- it has emerald in it

- 7.5-8.0 on the hardness scale

- the original name aqua marine comes from the Latin words water gem of the sea

- it is the symbol of beauty, loyalty, friendship, faithfulness, and courage

- mostly found in Brazil, Nigeria, Zambia, Madagascar, and Ukraine

- can only blue or green-blue
- mostly found in Australia, Ghana, Zaire, Russia, United states and Brazil

- can be colorless, blue, red, green, yellow, orange, brown, pink, purple, grey, or black

- some diamonds glow in the dark

- it is a symbol of balance, clarity and abundance

- a blue diamond contains the element boron which changes the conductivity of the diamond

- the crystal structure of diamonds are isometric

- can be found in Columbia, Brazil, Zambia, and Zimbabwe

- the origin is derived from the Greek word Smaragdos which means green stone reflecting the color of the Emerald

- can only be the color green

-made of a mineral called beryl

-7.5 to 8.0 on hardness scale

-can turn into Aquamarine when heated
ranks 10 on the hardness scale
-the actual stone is called the Jade

-can be white, blue, red, green, yellow, orange, brown, pink, gray, purple and multiple colored

-6 to 7 on hardness scale

-most of the time the color of the gem is green or purple

-made of minerals called jadeite and nephrite

- mostly found in tthe u.s.a, Mexico and Russia
- origin of the name Ruby is derived of the Latin word ruber which means red

- 9 on the hardness scale

- they are more rare than diamonds

- can only be red

- symbol: happiness

- mostly found in Tanzania , Madagascar, Thailand, Pakistan, and Greenland
- can be green and yellow

- 6.5-7.0 on the hardness scale

- mostly found in Egypt, and Greece

- has a chemical structure

- has iron in it

- is made of the mineral olivine
- ranked 9 on the hardness scale

- made of the mineral corundum

- can be green, white, colorless, blue, yellow, orange, brown, pink, grey, purple, black, and multicolored

- mostly found in Cambodia, Madagascar, Thailand, Australia, U.S.A, Nigeria, and Kenya

- mostly thought of as blue

- they are mostly found in 2karats per piece
- mostly found in the U.S.A., Brazil, Africa, and Afghanistan

- it is a mineral

- 7-7.5 on the hardness scale

- can be blue, red, white, colorless, green, yellow, orange, brown, pink, purple, grey, black, and multicolored

- it became a birthstone in 1912

- myths say it has healing powers
- comes from the center of certain rocks

- made of mostly some quartz

- it is ranked 7 on the hardness scale

- can be yellow, brown, and mostly orange

- one of the few yellow gemstones in the world

- is mostly found in Brazil, Europe, and Germany
- it is ranked 8 on the hardness scale

- it is a mineral

- can be white, colorless, blue, red, green, yellow, orange, brown, pink, purple, grey, or multicolored

- it is not really blue but clear with a blue center making it appear blue

- it contains aluminum and iron

- it can be found in Russia, Germany, Czech Republic, Brazil, Mexico, and the U.S.A.
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