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Cuba's test scores
Transcript of Cuba's test scores
A closer look at Carnoy's research
So how did they get to the top?
Carnoy's research began in 1997
SERCE -Second Regional Comparative Study Sponsored by UNESCO and given in 2006
CUBA does not participate in PISA
PISA 2006 MATH READING
CUBA 499 501
US 474 no report
US (2003) 486 496
PISA vs SERCE
PISA is an exam given to 15 year old students
SERCE is given to 3rd and 6th graders
Both tests evaluate Math, Reading, and Science
The first SERCE (PERCE) was given in 1995 and 1997 and did not include science
Both tests suggest that they are useful in helping systems evaluate educational policy.
SERCE is multiple choice and short answer
PISA is about application of knowledge
"But even with only seven comparison countries, the PISA 2006 and the SERCE 2006 results are highly correlated. So highly correlated that we could develop a reliable statistical formula between the two tests. By plugging in the Cuban sixth grade scores on the SERCE test into this formula, we got a fairly accurate estimate of what Cuban fifteen year-olds would have scored on the PISA 2006 tests in mathematics and reading had they taken them. We could then compare these estimates with how well U.S. students actually did on the PISA 2006."
Latin American Assessment data
Carnoy used assessment data from 1997 results of 13 Latin American countries
In 2006 some of the same countries also took PISA
PERCE 1995 & 1997; SERCE 2006; TERCE 2014
Cuba did not participate in TERCE
PISA was constructed and intended for the 30+ industrialized and wealthy OECD countries, but has later been joined by a similar number of countries and "economies". When PISA is presented, its importance is stated like this: "PISA has participation from 90% of the global economy" (OECD, 2013b). For educators, this may seem a surprising way of counting pupils, but it indicates the focus of the PISA-project: economy. This may also account for the extreme importance that is now attributed PISA rankings: it seems "common sense" that high scores on reading, mathematics and science are predictors for the country's future economic competitiveness. Bad rankings on PISA are thought to be bad signals for the future of the country.
OECD is the organization for the highly industrialized and economically developed nations, and the mandate of the organization lies in the name: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development… education is certainly a driving force in economic development and national competitiveness, and has therefore become an important element of the OECD‘s concerns and policy advice. The mandate of the OECD also explains why the ―PISA subjects‖ are reading, mathematics and science. These subjects are seen to be key elements for the competitiveness in a world economy driven by science and technological development.