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BP Oil Spill and the Environment

The BP oil spill lasted 3 months and caused great changes to the environment in the Gulf of Mexico and along the coast & water ways of Louisiana. These are just some of the negative interactions that occurred, and a few ways to stop and prevent this.
by

Lilian Fan

on 9 March 2011

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Transcript of BP Oil Spill and the Environment

BP Oil Spill and the Environment by lilianfan 72 Negative Interactions of.. Other Negative Interactions? ALSO How has the oil spill affected interactions between abiotic and biotic elements? The oil poisioned the water, killing the fish and sea animals, and their natural habitats. By doing so, animals like sea turtles and dolphins must relocate to another location, affecting the ecosystem in the Gulf. Since water is like oxygen for sea animals, the oil slick contaminates the water, killing several marine animals like shellfish and crabs because they don't have a clean habitat to live in. ...this food chain! Due to the oil spill, fish in the Gulf aren't as plentiful as they were before. Therefore, the fisheries cannot catch as much fish as they need to make a living. Because of this, several fishermen are losing their jobs and they can't support their families. How can we clean this oil up? One thing we can do is use booms to surround the area covered by the oil slick, then skim the oil with boats that can suck oil from the water. Booms surrounding water while boat cleans oil slick. Another way is to use sorbents. Sorbents are large sponges that absorb oil from the water. Since sorbents can absorb many times of their own weight of liquids, they'll be very useful in the clean up of this oil spill. Sorbents soaking up oil We can also set the oil on fire, which is called 'in situ burning'. In situ burning is the most efficient way to clean up the oil because it has a 90% removal rate and can remove some of the thickest slicks. In Situ Burning However, in situ burning creates toxic smoke which can kill when inhaled. So, the burning process must be done away from nearby coastel homes and settlements. How can we prevent this from happening again? Before taking the oil out of the well, drill relief wells FIRST! Just in case another methane bubble explodes again, another well will already be there to prevent more oil from leaking out. The oil slick contaminates the top layer of the water, killing the algae that lives there. Since the algae died, small marine animals like shrimp don't have any food to eat and they'll die. If the shrimp die, the fish won't have any food to eat, and they'll die aswell. The fish that haven't died would most likely be poisoned by the oil slick and die after. The fishermen cannot catch the fish because they're dead or too hazardous to consume. If all parts of this food chain die, the ecosystem will cease to exist. Because the oil spill occured, the fish will beocme posioned and die. If they die, fishery companies will lose their jobs and money because there isn't any fish to catch. The oil has caused destruction of natural habitats for animals like coral reefs and sponges. There have been several wildlife fatalities and the oil washed up onto the land is also affecting land animals and plants like pelicans or grass. When constructing the wells, build stronger legs and support so the wells is less likely to collapse. Train people to become aware of oil that has infected seafood like fish, crabs and shrimp. The End! :)
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