Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Rise of China

No description
by

David Rawlings

on 3 July 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Rise of China

Task:
1. Explain each of the events on your timeline using chapter 10.
2. Assess the significance of each event.
3. Identify the origins of the Cultural Revolution.
The Rise of China
1911-1990

Learning Plan:
6 'Key Questions'
Flip-learning model
1 written exam - 1h30m
2 essay questions, from a choice of 3
Each question = 50marks
Paper is out of 100
25% of A-level
Expectations:
Make notes in class
Bring folder & textbook to every lesson
Homework in on time
Make use of edmodo
China Quiz
1. What is the capital of China?
2. What currency is used in China?
3. What is the population of China?
4. How many political parties are there in China?
5. What is the national sport of China?
6. Which animal is the national symbol of China?
7. What is the largest city in China?
8. Name 3 Chinese inventions.
9. What is the official language in China?
10. How many time-zones does China cross?
Key Issue 1: Assess the consequences of the Chinese revolution of 1911.
Why was there a revolution in 1911?
C
: Explain some causes of the revolution in 1911.

B
: Assess the relative significance of causes of the revolution.

A
: Make a substantiated judgement on the significance of causes.
Success Criteria
Could you match the head to the tail:
Mao Zedong
Kuomintang
Chiang Kai Shek
Peking
Nanking
Mao Tse-tung
Guomindang
Jiang Jieshi
Beijing
Nanjing
PINYIN
BRITISH
Task:
Presentation on the causes of the 1911 revolution.
Success criteria:
Explain how your factor led to the 1911 revolution.
Evaluate the importance of your factor.
Notes for classmates.
Quality, confident presentation.
Factors:
Impact of the West;
Loss of Tributary States
Loss of Sovereignty
Nationalist Backlash
Internal Crisis
Wuchang Uprising
Bingo Board:
Pu Yi
Empress Dowager Cixi
Sun Yat-sen
Yuan Shikai
Guomindang
CCP
Chiang Kai Shek
Wuchang Uprising
21 Demands
Warlords
May 4th Movement
Three People's Principles
'White Terror'
Abdication Settlement
1911
Japan
What factors might ignite a revolution?
How damaging were the 21 Demands?
What is the most embarrassing moment in your life?
'Loosing face'
Embarrassment / humiliation
Can you write a good essay?
Sort your points into 3 key themes...
E.g.
'National humiliation'
'Western imperialism'
'Government incompetence'
Find evidence to support your points...
Relevant historical details!
Clarify your points with a clear explanation...
Make sure you are explaining how your point is answering the question!
Essay Plan - before you even start...
Now decide which of your points is the strongest by comparing all 3 against each other.
Does one affect the other?

You're now ready to write your introduction.
Set out your three points
Make a judgement on which is the most important
C
: Describe the 21 Demands.

B
: Explain how the 21 Demands were a consequence of the 1911 revolution.

A
: Evaluate the relative significance of the 21 Demands as a consequence of the 1911 revolution.
Success Criteria
Xinhai Revolution, 1911

From October 1911 to January 1912 nationalist supporters, inspired by Sun Yat-sen fought a bitter, but ultimately successful revolutionary war against the Imperial Qing dynasty.
Sun Yat-sen realised that the new power, as a result of the revolution was
Yuan Shikai
. He was commander of the Beiyang army, the largest in China.
One military dictatorship was about to be replaced by another.
"Constitutional Presidency"
With an elected parliament and Prime Minister.
20th March 1913
Sun Yat-sen was exiled once again...
Foreign powers (except the USA), led by Britain, recognised Yuan as the leader of the new regime.
They wanted stability in order to maintain trade interests in China.
For Yuan this was vital as China was in economic crisis and entirely reliant on foreign loans.
Due to the outbreak of WW1, the West was too preoccupied to take much advantage of the power vacuum in China.
The Japanese were not.
Looking to bolster relations with the west, and to secure an empire for themselves on the mainland, they occupied German concessions in Shandong province and issued the 21 Demands.
Yuan resisted the most humiliating of the demands (those effectively turning China into a Japanese puppet), but was forced to accept most of the concessions.

The Japanese were far superior militarily and, in attacking German territory, had the backing of their British and French bankers.

It was a national humiliation.
21 Demands Task:
1. Describe the 21 Demands.

2. Explain how the 1911 revolution led to the 21 Demands.

3. To what extent were the 21 Demands a result of the 1911 revolution?
Questions...
Key Issue 1: Assess the consequences of the Chinese revolution of 1911.
1. Introduction
2.
3.
4.
5. Conclusion
National humiliation - Japan & 21 Demands
Song Jiaoren
How united was China from 1911-27?
"The Warlords"
C
: Describe division of China under the warlords.

B
: Explain how the 1911 revolution led to the warlord era.

A
: Evaluate the relative significance of the warlord era as a consequence of the 1911 revolution.
Success Criteria
What do you notice about this map of China in 1916?
Using pp.37-40 complete the Warlord Top Trumps and have a game!
Using this map and the top trumps cards, show the division of China on your blank map.
Thinking Point:
Why did the 1911 revolution lead to the warlord era?
Divided China - Warlord Era
Who's who?
Sun Yat-sen
Yuan Shikai
Pu Yi
Song Jiaoren
Zhang Zong
The Dogmeat General.
The father of Chinese Nationalism and the founder of the GMD.
A warlord that ousted Sun Yat-sen and the GMD to become ruler of China in 1913.
The man chosen to be Prime Minister, who was assassinated in 1913.
The 9 year old emperor who abdicated in 1911.
Yuan Shikai died from kidney failure - 5th June 1916
C
: Describe the birth of the CCP in 1920.

B
: Explain how the 1911 revolution led to the foundation of the CCP.

A
: Evaluate the significance of the CCP and the extent to which the birth of the CCP was caused revolution.
Success Criteria
Why did the revolution China turn to communism?
Are you...?
How important was the 1911 revolution in the birth of the Communist Party in China?
How significant was the birth of the CCP?
TASK
Using pp.40-42, write bullet points to answer these 2 questions:
Who was important in the founding of the CCP?
How, and to what extent, was the 1911 revolution responsible for the birth of the CCP?
Expected success criteria:
KEY TERMS: May 4th movement / Chen Duxui / Chinese Communist Party / Mao Tse-tung
Identify consequences of the revolution
In groups of 4, answer these questions:
Who was important in the founding of the CCP?
How, and to what extent, was the 1911 revolution responsible for the birth of the CCP?
THINK / PAIR / SHARE
Who are the working class?
How appealing is Communism to you?
Chinese Communist Party
Zhang Zong
Chen Duxui
Mao Tse-tung
EXPLAIN
EVIDENCE
POINT
3.
2.
1.
ESSAY PLAN
JUDGEMENT:
What is your interpretation?
Self-Evaluation:
Indicative Content:
Sun Yat-sen, Nationalist China and the warlords; Japan, the 21 demands, and the 4 May Movement; Three People’s Principles; Chinese Communist Party.
Learning Objectives:
Bronze
(C): Can describe the indicative content, explaining the terms in detail.
Silver
(B): ...and explain how these were consequences of the Chinese revolution of 1911.
Gold
(A): ...and compare the factors to evaluate the extent to which they were caused by the 1911 revolution.
Where are you?
Key Issue 2: How successful was Chiang Kai Shek as the Nationalist leader of China?
C
: Facts, figures and events.

B
: Significance, cause and consequences.

A
: Interpretations.
Success Criteria
Using flip-learning to drive understanding.
Video Notes:
What are we looking for?
What is flip-learning and why is it a good idea?
Flip-learning:
Knowledge obtained at home, therefore creative and evaluative skills can be developed in lesson.
E
A
B
C
D
How successful was Chiang as leader of China?
C
: Can describe successes/failures.

B
: Can compare successes/failures to establish their relative significance.

A
: Can evaluate the extent to which Chiang was responsible for successes/failures.
Success Criteria
Successes & failures of Chiang Kai Shek
Success/Failure Task:
1. Sort these into success or failures of Chiang.
2. Use the textbook pp.48-52 to help explain these successes/failures.
3. Sort into 3 thematic categories, e.g. ‘economic factors’.
4. Compare and place them in order of how much of a success/failure they were.
5. Think about the extent to which they were caused by Chiang.
General 'Cash My Check' was a complete failure as leader of China.
NO
YES
True or False?
Jiang Jieshi is the Mandarin form of Chiang Kai Shek.
Chiang was trained by the Beiyang army in the 1920s.
The Three People's Principles were 'Nationalism, Democracy and Equality'.
Sun Yat-sen died from kidney failure in 1925.
The NRA stood for Nationalist Revolutionary Army.
The alliance between the GMD and CCP was known as the United Front.
Chiang reunited China in the Long March.
In 1927 Chiang purged Communist supporters in China.
500-1000 Communists were massacred.
Chiang allied with other warlords to help reunite China.
To what extent were Jiang Jieshi’s (Chiang Kai Shek’s) domestic policies successful?
C
: Can describe Chiang's domestic policies.

B
: Can compare policies to establish their relative success.

A
: Can evaluate the extent to which Chiang was a success or failure.
Success Criteria
Criteria for a good essay
'Chiang was a political success.'
How far do you agree?
Task: Add ideas to your A3 sheet.

What makes a good essay?
What will you take away from this lesson?

What have you learned that will help your next essay?
'The best of a bad bunch.'
Do you agree?
To what extent were Jiang Jieshi’s (Chiang Kai Shek’s) domestic policies successful?
PEE TASK
Political / Social / Economic
1. For each decide to what extent Chiang was a success or failure?
2. Find evidence to back up your judgement.
3. Explain how this evidence proves your judgement.
Connectives:
Task: In groups, come up with 12 connectives.
4 should help make a judgement.
4 should help make a comparison.
4 should help show doubt.
How successfully did Chiang deal with Japan?
'A disease of the skin'
Chiang Kai Shek on the Japanese.
DEALINGS WITH JAPAN TIMELINE:
Using pp.60-63 explain the following events.
Zhang Zuolin's dealings with the Japanese
Effect of the depression in Japan (1929)
Mukden Incident. What happened? How did Chiang respond? (Sept. 1931)
Chinese boycott of Japanese goods (1931)
Shanghai conflict (1932)
Treaty of Tanggu (May 1933)
War with Japan (1937)
To what extent was Chiang a military success?
C
: Can make a judgement.

B
: Can make a balanced judgement, based on a range of factors.

A
: Can substantiate their judgement by evaluating the significance of a range of factors.
Success Criteria
Substantiated Judgements
C
: Can describe Chiang-Japanese affairs.

B
: Can judge whether Chiang was successful in dealing with the Japanese.

A
: Can evaluate the extent of success in dealings with the Japanese.
Success Criteria
Judgement on military success
How successful was Chiang in eliminating the Communist threat?
C
: Can describe Chiang-Communist affairs.

B
: Can judge whether Chiang was successful in dealing with Communists.

A
: Can evaluate the extent of success in dealings with the Communist faction.
Success Criteria
Judgement on anti-Communist success
The Long March Test:
Where was Mao based up to 1934?
Who led the 'Long March' when it set off?
Who did Mao leave behind?
At which conference was Mao given leadership for the control over the march?
How many rivers did the Communists cross on the march?
What terrain did they cross?
Why did Mao have to be carried?
What did the Communists face after crossing the Great Snow Mountains?
Where did the Communists end up?
How many survived the march?
Essay Plan:
Plan your essay.

1. Make a judgement on the social, political and economic success of Chiang Kai Shek.
2. Use evidence to back up your judgements.
3. Explain how the evidence proves your judgement.
4. Make comparisons to evaluate the relative success.
5. Give an overall judgement on the success of Chiang, making sure to take all factors into account.
SUCCESS
FAILURE
Chiang Kai Shek
Key Issue 3: Why was Mao Zedong successful in achieving a Communist Revolution in 1949?
Assess the reasons for the Communist victory in 1949.
How did Mao take control?
C
: Can describe Mao Tse-tung.

B
: Can explain a range of reasons for his success.

A
: Can evaluate the extent of Mao's role in the success of the CCP.
Success Criteria
Understand who Mao was and how he took control of China.
Task: Use your template to create a Facebook profile for Mao.
Be creative, but realistic!
How did the Nanjing massacre affect Chiang Kai Shek?
Humans are inherently good creatures.
NO
YES
Task: Read this account of the Nanjing massacre.
An estimated 300,000 Chinese were treated in the same way. How does this make you feel?
How does this help explain Chinese attitudes towards the Japanese?
How might this event affect Chiang Kai Shek?
Why don't the Japanese apologise for the rape of Nanjing?
C
: Can describe the Nanjing massacre.

B
: Can explain the effects on both Chiang and the Communists.

A
: Can evaluate how far the massacre benefited the Communists.
Success Criteria
Understand the consequences of the Nanjing massacre.
Why was the Communist Revolution successful in 1949?
Nineteen Forty Nine
or
Nineteen Forty Lie?
C
: Can describe the reasons.

B
: Can explain and link the reasons.

A
: Can evaluate reasons, comparing their significance to identify the most important.
Success Criteria
Explain and categorise reasons for 1949 revolution.
First Emmy award ceremony.
Margaret Thatcher becomes Conservative candidate for Dartford.
English astronomer Fred Hoyle coins term Big Bang.
Ireland leaves the Commonwealth and becomes the Republic of Ireland.
Israel admitted to UN.
Death of Winston Churchill and Marilyn Monroe.
'
Nineteen Eighty-Four'
published.
NATO formed.
Vietnam war begins with Gulf of Tonkin incident.
End of Greek Civil War - communists defeated.
USSR successful test atomic bomb.
Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.
Birth of Billy Joel, Alan Titchmarsh, Lionel Ritchie, Bruce Springsteen, Arsene Wenger and Madonna.
Task:
1. Explain the factors that led to the 1949 revolution, use pp.77-87.
2. Categorise and link the factors.
"Mao was a masterful leader who, against all the odds, enacted the successful takeover of China."
YES
NO
C
: Can describe the reasons.

B
: Can explain and link the reasons.

A
: Can evaluate reasons, comparing their significance to identify the most important.
Success Criteria
Explain and categorise reasons for 1949 revolution.
Brief: Assess the reasons for the Communist victory in 1949.
Work in groups of 3:
1. Research one factor each, e.g. 'Mao's successes'. Use edmodo for links to articles and websites.
2. Share your findings with the rest of your group.
3. In groups compare your factors, make links between them and assess which was most important for the Communist revolution.
INDEPENDENT RESEARCH TASK
'Without the support of the Soviet Union, Mao would have failed in 1949.'
YES
NO
Socrative Quiz:
Room no. 183180
App called 'Student'
Multiple-choice
How do these factors link?
Poor nationalist leadership
Communist military victory
US aid
Nationalist military failure
Soviet aid
Peasant support
Cult of personality
China Spelling Test
Can you correctly spell these words?
Answers:
Sun Yat-sen
Yuan Shikai
Guomindang / Kuomintang
Jiang Jieshi / Chiang Kai Shek
Nanjing / Nanking
Mao Tse-tung / Mao Zedong
Lin Biao
Yan'an
Beijing / Peking
How many did you get?
C
: Make a judgement on the key factor.

B
: Can explain judgement on the key factor, beginning to link it to others.

A
: Can give a judgement that evaluates and compares all factors.
Success Criteria
Develop a substantiated judgement on the reasons for the 1949 revolution.
How do I substantiate my judgement?
What makes a good essay?
What have you missed?
Now plan your essay:

'Assess the Reasons for the Communist victory in 1949.'
Point
Evidence
Explanation
Evaluation
Key Issue 4: How successful was the Communist government in its domestic policies in the 1950s and early 1960s?
To what extent did Mao's policies in the 1950s and early 1960s bring benefits to the Chinese people?
C
: Describe some domestic policies.

B
: Explain domestic policies in detail, explaining successes and failures.

A
: Evaluate the overall success of domestic policies, making reference to a range of well-explained factors.
Success Criteria
To begin to investigate the domestic policies of the CCP in the 50s and early 60s.
C
: Make a judgement on the key factor.

B
: Can explain judgement on the key factor, beginning to link it to others.

A
: Can give a judgement that evaluates and compares all factors.
Success Criteria
Develop a substantiated judgement on the reasons for the 1949 revolution.
C
: Make a judgement on the key factor.

B
: Can explain judgement on the key factor, beginning to link it to others.

A
: Can give a judgement that evaluates and compares all factors.
Success Criteria
Develop a substantiated judgement on the reasons for the 1949 revolution.
C
: Make a judgement on the key factor.

B
: Can explain judgement on the key factor, beginning to link it to others.

A
: Can give a judgement that evaluates and compares all factors.
Success Criteria
Develop a substantiated judgement on the reasons for the 1949 revolution.
What are the core beliefs of communism?
How should a communist country be run?
Is China communist?
THINK / PAIR / SHARE
Research Task:

In groups investigate one of the following domestic policies, textbook ch.7:

Government policy / Pacification / Land reform / Gender & social change / Collectivisation / Industrialisation

1. Identify communist party policies and explain successes and failures;
2. Evaluate the overall success in that area, e.g. how successful were land reforms?
3. Turn your findings into a page of notes on word;
4. Present and share with the rest of the class.
Domestic Policy Investigations
To what extent did Communist domestic policies benefit the Chinese?
Task:
Use the notes to explain the successes and failures of Communist policies before the 'Great Leap Forward'.
Make notes on the GLF as you watch this video clip.
Homework
How successful were the Communists?
What do we still need to assess?
Key Issue 5: Assess the Origins of the Cultural Revolution.
C
: Can describe events.

B
: Can explain origins and significance of the Cultural Revolution.

A
: Can compare reasons to assess relative significance of origins and events during the revolution.
Success Criteria
Understand what happened during the Cultural Revolution.
What was the Cultural Revolution?
Eyewitness Accounts
What impression does this give you of the Cultural Revolution?
Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: Timeline
What were the origins of the revolution?
Lessons
Exam Info.
Links
Mark Scheme
Analysis
:
Substantiated judgements - based on evidence from all sides of the question.
Consistent evaluation of significance, cause and consequence of factors.
Knowledge
:
Range of accurate and detailed evidence.
Coherent communication, clear structure and line of argument.
http://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/as-a-level-gce-history-a-h106-h506/
OCR website - link for past papers, examiners reports, etc.
Exam Board Links
C
: Can explain causes and consequences.

B
: Can categorise and link causes and consequences to Mao's aims.

A
: Can judge the relative importance of causes and consequences, by comparing success in terms of aims.
Success Criteria
Evaluate the causes and consequences of the Cultural Revolution.
Evaluation of the Cultural Revolution
THINK / PAIR / SHARE
What did Mao hope to achieve with the Great proletarian Cultural Revolution?
AIMS
Origins & Consequences
1. Sort the evidence into categories based on Mao's aims.
2. Sort colour-code these as causes or consequences.
3. Compare factors to judge which is most significant.
What was the key cause of the Cultural Revolution?
How successful was it?
Final Thought:
Questions on the Cultural Revolution
‘The recovery of Mao’s authority was the most important consequence of the Cultural Revolution.’ How far do you agree? June12

Assess the consequences of the Cultural Revolution. June11

Assess the reasons for the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s. June10

To what extent did Mao achieve his aims in the Cultural Revolution? June09
C
: Can make a judgement on the question.

B
: Can use evidence to support judgement on the question.

A
: Can assess further elements of the question and substantiate judgement by comparing the value of evidence.
Success Criteria
To assess and interpret a range of questions on the Cultural Revolution.
Past Paper Questions
Task:
Deconstruct the question - what is it asking for?
Make a judgement on the question.
Find evidence to support your opinion.
Key Issue 6: Assess the extent of political, economic and social change since the death of Mao Tse-tung.
C
: Describe some domestic policies.

B
: Explain domestic policies in detail, explaining successes and failures.

A
: Evaluate the overall success of domestic policies, making reference to a range of well-explained factors.
Success Criteria
To begin to investigate the domestic policies of the CCP in the 50s and early 60s.
C
: Describe political changes post-Mao.

B
: Make a judgement on how far Chinese politics changed after Mao.

A
: Substantiated judgement that assesses a range of factors, from the initial Mao-esque infighting to the hardline response to the democracy movement.
Success Criteria
Develop a substantiated judgement on the extent of political change post-Mao.
C
: Describe economic changes after Mao.

B
: Explain whether economic policies differ from those under Mao.

A
: Make a judgement on the extent of change, based on historical evidence..
Success Criteria
Develop a substantiated judgement on the extent of economic change after Mao.
C
: Make a judgement on the key factor.

B
: Can explain judgement on the key factor, beginning to link it to others.

A
: Can give a judgement that evaluates and compares all factors.
Success Criteria
Develop a substantiated judgement on the reasons for the 1949 revolution.
The Gang of Four
Political Change
Economic Change
Social Change
The Tank Man
Heads and Tails
Match the term to the description.
Gang of Four
Deng Xiaoping
Democracy Movement
Tiananmen Square Massacre
Led by General Secretary Hu Yaobang there was a move towards freedom of speech and pluralist democracy in the 1980s, accompanied by mass protests.
After the death of Hu Yaobang in 1989, close to a million protestors congregated in Beijing. Martial law was declared and the PLA usedto break up the protests. An estimated 3,000 were killed.
'Pragmatic' leader of China who took power in 1978. Coined the phrase socialism with Chinese characteristics, in which he claimed that socialism and capitalism were not fundamentally opposed.
Were arrested shortly after the death of Mao and accused of crimes against the state during the Cultural Revolution. Used to distance new leaders from Mao.
'It doesn't matter whether the cat is black or white, as long as it catches mice.'

Deng Xiaoping, 1961
How far do you agree?
Task: Mind-map the extent of political change post-Mao.
Success criteria:
Use the information to identify key political figures and events;
Add branches to explain figures/events in detail;
Evaluate the extent to which Chinese politics changed post-Mao.
What were the Four Modernisations?
Why did Deng think it was important to start separating the government from the party?
How did the government raise the capital to enact the Four Modernisations?
How did the government make China attractive to investors like Japan, West Germany and the US?
What was the Household Responsibility System?
What did Deng’s agricultural reform allow farmers to do with their surplus?
What was the Industrial Responsibility System?
What were the main focuses of the Ten Year Plan?
10 Minutes / 8 Questions
Notes
Mind-map
Bullet points
Thinking Point:
How different are Deng's policies from Mao?
Opinion Line
Same
Different
How far did economic policies change after Mao?
Substantiate your judgement with detailed historical evidence.
Deng vs. Mao
Who China-ed better?
C
: Describe political, social and economic differences between Deng and Mao.

B
: Explain extent and success of those changes.

A
: Make a substantiated judgement on how far China changed and how successful it was.
Success Criteria
Evaluate the
extent
and the
success
of change under Deng.
Debate
Task:
Debate who the better ruler of China was - Deng or Mao.
Success Criteria:
Divide your team into sub-categories:
Social
/
Political
/
Economic
;
For each, make a case in favour of your leader;
Use your notes
as guidance;
Cross-reference
and make direct
comparisons
with the other leader;
You will have
3 mins
to present your argument;
Prepare for an
open-floor debate
after.
Show your support...
Who was better?
Deng or Mao
‘The only significant changes after the death of Mao were economic.’
How far do you agree?
Criteria:
1. Assess a range of policies post-Mao.
2. Make a judgement on how far each was different to those of Mao.
3. Use detailed evidence to support and prove your judgements.
4. Compare and link factors to evaluate the extent to which policies changed.
5. Give an overall substantiated judgement on the extent to which political, social and economic policies changed after Mao.
Full transcript