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Transcript of The Olmec/Chavin
The Olmec & Chavin
Located near the coasts of Mexico, with today's Venezuela and Tabasco.
The Chavin people lived in the Andes, on coastal planes or foothills near the coast.
Were controlled by the Ruler, Kings, and sometimes Elite subjects.
--They used religion to help control the people.
Colossal Stone head
Archaeologist believe the stone heads were made for each ruler in power.
Military was coming around at this time but the Chavin people were dependent with religious belief system and rituals.
Shaman and healers were necessary to the people.
Trading was vital because some areas had what other areas didn't.
Olmec didn't conquer much land, but they were influenced by other societies when they were trading.
--The influence lasted even after the Olmec was demolished.
Labor sources were created to farm, be productive, and create hierarchies.
Some specialized in:
They traded for:
Traded fish, decorative shells for corn, shellfish, and other food.
Olmec and Chavin exchanged aesthetic ideas, religious motifs, and ceremonial practices.
--Chavin's trading was more extensive and elaborate than Olmec's trading.
With trade developing labors, created construction of roads, bridges, temples, and palaces, and large irrigation/drainage projects.
Llamas created wool and decreased labor of transportation of goods.
Llamas are life.
Believed human and animal characteristics blended and that human could transform into animals.
Shamans had power since they were believed to be able to talk to the gods and predict rainfall.
--The Olmecs depended on the crops/agriculture.
Representation of gods:
In some ceremonies, human sacrifice would be made to keep the gods content.
Also associated the jaguar with power and religion.
Build temples to worship gods and rulers.
--had as many gods as Olmec.
Like the Olmec, Chavin involved animal sacrificing to satisfy the gods and bring them good harvest.
Chavin de Huantar was used as a pilgrimage site.
Ruler Priest/Shaman Elite Everyone else (Commoners)
Built athletic fields and used them for baseball.
--Baseball was associated with worship of the powerful rain god.
Rulers lived in elite houses. And the religious temples were located in the center of the civilization.
Commoners lived on the outskirts of the cities to take care of the farm in stick and mud structures.
Having products like gold crown, quality textiles, breastplates, and jewelry contributed to your social status.
Metallurgy became popular.
--Silver and gold alloy ornaments were developed.
A class of priests directed religious life.
Like the Olmec, writing is unknown.
Had some worthy discoveries in the astronomy field.
They created a calendar that was based on the stars and the moons.
--laid out the cities with the alignment with the path of a certain star.
Innovative and produced higher-quality textiles than earlier methods did.
--These methods help Chavin succeed.
Investigations by archaeologist have shown remarkable 3-dimensional silver and gold alloy ornaments.
Skilled artisans, decorated elite building with drawing and markings.
The Olmec created their own art style with giant heads of rulers and imprints of animals.
--Famous for the stone-carved heads . Each one having a unique personality leads to that they were created for each ruler.
Monumental architecture, pottery, and jewelry suggest the highly skill artisans in this time period.
Very artistic people--producing high-quality crafts like jade figures and necklaces.
By: Maxine Rodriguez