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Transcript of India
by: Kylie Bockstruck, Michael Meader
Haruka Vehida, Deryk Garver and Ray Eberth
Dominant Culture Patterns
Non- Verbal Behavior
Judgement of Beauty
Attire and Fashion
1.27 billion people
940 females for every 1000 males
Second most populated country
Contains 17.31% of world's total population
Science and Technology
Progress and Change
Artha (prosperity, or wealth) is one of the four traditional aims in life. A goal to strive for in Hinduism.
~India has a high power distance.
~They are dependent on the boss or power-holder for direction
~Have unequal right for the people down toward the lower levels in power.
~The managment gives reasons or meanings to work life and rewards in exchange for loyalty from its employees.
~In India, control is familiar and even creates a psychological sense of security
~India scores a 48 in Hofstede's test of individualism.
~They are a collective group that has a high desire to be in a larger social framework.
~They will act in a way that benifits the group rather than oneself.
In this society if an individual is rejected by his/her peers they will feel a strong sense of emptiness.
~At work they have a sense of loyalty from the employees and almost a familial bond with management.
Masculine vs. Feminine:
~ India ranked at 58 on Hofstede's scale.
~This means that technically they are a masculine society, however they are very close to the middle.
~India is very masculine in terms of its display of power and success.
~Work is the center of one's life and visible display of your success is very important in the work place.
~This is one of the longest living cultures around today; they have been brought up with humility.
~ This may be why they do not show their success to the extent which one might be naturally inclined.
~India has a medium low uncertainity avoidance with a 40.
~Nothing has to be perfect nor has to go exactly as planned
~India is traditionally a patient country where tolerance for the unexpected is high, possibly a nice break from the normal monotony
~People are not driven to push themselves and may get comfortable and settle.
Long Term Orientation:
~Long Term with 61 on the scale.
~Karma dominates religious and philosophical thought
~Making time not linear, and therefore not as important as we find it to be.
~They forgive lateness
~Changing the plan along the way is okay
~Discovering the fated path and not following an exact plan
In India the common language is Hindi.
~One of the oldest languages in the world.
~It is the official language of Nepal, India, Pakistan and is a secondary language in many others
~Hindi is derived from Sanskrit, one of the earliest languages used
~Learning Hindi can be used to read ancient classic literature in its original language, studying many ancient civilizations, as well as helping to learn about India
~Only English and Mandarin Chinese are more commonly used than Hindi.
Per Capita Income
1.1 billion live on less than 1
61.64 Rupees = $1 U.S
10,000 Rupees = $162.750 US
Total area- A little bigger than
1/3 of U.S.
North, East, South, and West
Considered hot tropical country
2 more depending
Family-oriented: as a group/family
Watching Tv or going to a Movie.
Hang out with friends/family.
More Traditional Fun.
Food and Meals
Chapati = thin
Naan = oven-baked
Deep Structure Institutions
YOU DON'T WANT TO SAY
"I WILL TRY"
India is a secular state
Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%
Hinduism is viewed not simply as a religion or creed but as a complete and all-pervasive way of life
The joint family system is still preferred in more traditional homes
Consist of three or even four generations (including grandparents, aunts & uncles, cousins, etc.) living under one roof
Family members share space, income, property and household responsibilities
The world's oldest religion
Polytheistic (sort of)
Adhere to sacred scriptures called the Vedas
Believe that God resides within everyone and everything
After establishing key trading posts in India throughout the 1600's, the British elect to overthrow the Moguls and seize control
Behind Every Great Man...
After serving as her father's Chief of Staff, Indira Gandhi is elected India's first female Prime Minister
Breaking Ground on the Taj
The Mogul Emperor, Shah Jahan, begins construction of the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife, Mumtaz
Significant Historical Events
North, Meet South
The Mogul Empire begins its rule by unifying much of north and south India for the first time
Also responsible for introducing Islam to India
A lot of vegetarians
Fresh milk, fruits, veggies, unions, peppers, salads,
Spices: ginger, garlic, herbs, lemon juice
Indian people like:
Salty, sweet, creamy, spicy, hot and pungent
Every meal typically has:
1. Starch 2. Meat or Fish 3.Vegetables 4. Chutney
Meat or Fish? Tea or Coffee?
Cool Facts: Hindus avoid beef. Muslims avoid pork
Holidays + Festivals
Holidays Based by the State and Territory
National Indian Holidays
26th of January- Saturday Republic Day
15th of August- Independence Day
2nd of October- Mahatma Gandhi Day
Every holiday gets a festival, where
socializing and eating together is key
Freedom isn't Free
On August 15th, India gains its independence and is divided into two countries; a predominately Hindu India and a predominately Muslim Pakistan
It is estimated that over 10M people were displaced by the partition and as many as 1M were killed in the accompanying riots
"An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind" -M.K.G.
Upon returning from a hiatus that took him to Great Britain and South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi launches a civil disobedience campaign against the British rule of India
Religion (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism)
Modern numerals (0) and mathematics
Ayurveda and Yoga
Constitutional Federal Republic
Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches
Legislature is known as Parliament; consists of two houses (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha)
Universal Adult Suffrage (any citizen 18 years or older has the right to vote)
Work isn't a reward in itself
Jobs are picked based on prestige
Work surrounds their day
National Literacy Rate is ~74%
Public education follows the 10+2+3 pattern
Only slightly more than 20% of Indians have access to tertiary education (the "+3")
Movies & TV
Limited almost exclusively to urban areas
"Pay-to-Print" is a common phrase, representative of the perceived corruption within the Indian media
Movies and TV
"Bollywood" is commonly misunderstood to be synonymous with the Indian film industry
Tensions escalate between Muslims and Hindus in the Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir
Bandh is extended indefinitely
Group, and fitting in
over standing out on top