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India

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kylie bockstruck

on 13 August 2013

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Transcript of India

India
by: Kylie Bockstruck, Michael Meader
Haruka Vehida, Deryk Garver and Ray Eberth

Dominant Culture Patterns
Hofstede's Patterns
Verbal Behavior
Non- Verbal Behavior
Lifestyle
Judgement of Beauty
Attire and Fashion
Indian People
Body Language
Collective/Competition
Inequality


1.27 billion people

940 females for every 1000 males

Second most populated country

Contains 17.31% of world's total population




Materialistic
Science and Technology
Progress and Change
Artha (prosperity, or wealth) is one of the four traditional aims in life. A goal to strive for in Hinduism.
Collective

Power Distance
:
~India has a high power distance.
~They are dependent on the boss or power-holder for direction
~Have unequal right for the people down toward the lower levels in power.
~Paternalistic leaders
~The managment gives reasons or meanings to work life and rewards in exchange for loyalty from its employees.
~In India, control is familiar and even creates a psychological sense of security

Individualism:
~India scores a 48 in Hofstede's test of individualism.
~They are a collective group that has a high desire to be in a larger social framework.
~They will act in a way that benifits the group rather than oneself.
~
In this society if an individual is rejected by his/her peers they will feel a strong sense of emptiness.
~At work they have a sense of loyalty from the employees and almost a familial bond with management.

Masculine vs. Feminine:
~ India ranked at 58 on Hofstede's scale.
~This means that technically they are a masculine society, however they are very close to the middle.
~India is very masculine in terms of its display of power and success.
~Work is the center of one's life and visible display of your success is very important in the work place.
~This is one of the longest living cultures around today; they have been brought up with humility.
~ This may be why they do not show their success to the extent which one might be naturally inclined.
Uncertainity Avoidance:
~India has a medium low uncertainity avoidance with a 40.
~Nothing has to be perfect nor has to go exactly as planned
~India is traditionally a patient country where tolerance for the unexpected is high, possibly a nice break from the normal monotony
~People are not driven to push themselves and may get comfortable and settle.
Long Term Orientation:
~Long Term with 61 on the scale.
~Karma dominates religious and philosophical thought
~Making time not linear, and therefore not as important as we find it to be.
~They forgive lateness
~Changing the plan along the way is okay
~Discovering the fated path and not following an exact plan
.
In India the common language is Hindi.
~One of the oldest languages in the world.
~It is the official language of Nepal, India, Pakistan and is a secondary language in many others
~Hindi is derived from Sanskrit, one of the earliest languages used
~Learning Hindi can be used to read ancient classic literature in its original language, studying many ancient civilizations, as well as helping to learn about India
~Only English and Mandarin Chinese are more commonly used than Hindi.



Per Capita Income
Rank

1.1 billion live on less than 1
U.S. dollar/day

61.64 Rupees = $1 U.S
10,000 Rupees = $162.750 US


Geography.
Borders
Total area- A little bigger than
1/3 of U.S.
North, East, South, and West
Landscape.
LandUsage
Natural Resources
Climate
Considered hot tropical country
Winter
Summer/pre-monsoon
Monson/rainy seasoon
Post-monsoon
2 more depending


Indo-Aryans
Iranian
Dardic
Nuristani
Dravidian
Austro-Asiatic
Tibeto-Berma


Leisure Activities

Family-oriented: as a group/family
Watching Tv or going to a Movie.
Reading books.
Religious services.
Play games/sports.
Hang out with friends/family.
Travel.
More Traditional Fun.
Holidays and
Festivals.
Classical dance.
Indian art.

Food and Meals
Breads
Chapati = thin
Naan = oven-baked

Architecture
Sports
Popular Sports
Cricket
Chess
Hockey
Football(Cricket-related)
Tennis
Dance

Deep Structure Institutions

YOU DON'T WANT TO SAY


"NO"
SAY:
"I WILL TRY"

Religion
India is a secular state
Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%
Hinduism is viewed not simply as a religion or creed but as a complete and all-pervasive way of life
Family
The joint family system is still preferred in more traditional homes
Consist of three or even four generations (including grandparents, aunts & uncles, cousins, etc.) living under one roof
Family members share space, income, property and household responsibilities
Religion Cont.
Hinduism
The world's oldest religion
Polytheistic (sort of)
Adhere to sacred scriptures called the Vedas
Believe that God resides within everyone and everything
1757
1915
1966
1947
1638
1526
You Lose!
After establishing key trading posts in India throughout the 1600's, the British elect to overthrow the Moguls and seize control
Behind Every Great Man...
After serving as her father's Chief of Staff, Indira Gandhi is elected India's first female Prime Minister
Breaking Ground on the Taj
The Mogul Emperor, Shah Jahan, begins construction of the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife, Mumtaz
History
Significant Historical Events
North, Meet South
The Mogul Empire begins its rule by unifying much of north and south India for the first time
Also responsible for introducing Islam to India
A lot of vegetarians
Consume:
Fresh milk, fruits, veggies, unions, peppers, salads,
yogurt, bread.
Spices: ginger, garlic, herbs, lemon juice
Indian people like:
Salty, sweet, creamy, spicy, hot and pungent
Every meal typically has:
1. Starch 2. Meat or Fish 3.Vegetables 4. Chutney
Meat or Fish? Tea or Coffee?

Cool Facts: Hindus avoid beef. Muslims avoid pork

Holidays + Festivals
Holidays Based by the State and Territory
National Indian Holidays
26th of January- Saturday Republic Day
15th of August- Independence Day
2nd of October- Mahatma Gandhi Day
Every holiday gets a festival, where
socializing and eating together is key
Freedom isn't Free
On August 15th, India gains its independence and is divided into two countries; a predominately Hindu India and a predominately Muslim Pakistan
It is estimated that over 10M people were displaced by the partition and as many as 1M were killed in the accompanying riots
"An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind" -M.K.G.
Upon returning from a hiatus that took him to Great Britain and South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi launches a civil disobedience campaign against the British rule of India
History Cont.
Notable Contributions
Religion (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism)
Modern numerals (0) and mathematics
Chess
Ayurveda and Yoga
Kama Sutra
State
Government
Constitutional Federal Republic
Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches
Legislature is known as Parliament; consists of two houses (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha)
Universal Adult Suffrage (any citizen 18 years or older has the right to vote)
Work
Work isn't a reward in itself
Jobs are picked based on prestige
Work surrounds their day


ART
Painting


Sculpture


Dance


Theatre


Tribal Art
Indian





Mughal


State Cont.
Education
National Literacy Rate is ~74%
Public education follows the 10+2+3 pattern
Only slightly more than 20% of Indians have access to tertiary education (the "+3")
State Cont.
Media
Print Media


Movies & TV


Social Media
Social Media
Limited almost exclusively to urban areas
Print Media
"Pay-to-Print" is a common phrase, representative of the perceived corruption within the Indian media
Movies and TV
"Bollywood" is commonly misunderstood to be synonymous with the Indian film industry
Current Events
Tensions escalate between Muslims and Hindus in the Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir
Bandh is extended indefinitely
British
Group, and fitting in
over standing out on top
Privacy
Personal Space
Full transcript