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MLA Format

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Nicole Mehit

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of MLA Format

Citing Sources that are Online...
Works Cited Page...
The Basics...
There are a lot of things you should know about how to write a research paper, but I am only going to show you the rules of citing your sources. The rest of your paper you are on your own (BAHAHAHAHA) just kidding.

Ok. The simple rules....
What is a Citation?
This can get a bit tricky, so remember the rule.


Modern Language Association- A format of writing that is known to the literary world.

*make sure your paper is doubled spaced
(this includes the Works Cited page as well!)

*use New Times Roman and a 12pt font

*include a header on the top right side of your paper.
(Last name and page number)

*make sure your paper has 1" margins

*have a title
(centered on page in normal text)

*make sure your name, teacher's name, course, and date are on the first paper only (in that order)
Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).

Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).
A “citation” is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your paper came from another source.
The reason for this type of citation is to give credit to the original author and to keep your writing free from being accused of Plagiarism.

Side note- Plagiarism will get you thrown out of College permanently and it will also result in a zero for this paper.

(Picture found on Google)

The Nitty Gritty of Print Citations...

MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.

The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the

Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (

stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).
Do you see how the author's name is somewhere within the text to show ownership?
Also, don't forget the punctuation goes on the outside of the parentheses.
Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263)

Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263)
When Do I Need to Cite?
Whenever you use quotes
Whenever you paraphrase
Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed
Whenever you make specific reference to the work of another
Whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas.
*different rules for a book with more than one author
Multiple authors example:
There has been a drastic increase in frivolous lawsuits in the United States in the last ten years
(Dewey, Cheatum and Howe 45).

Note all authors credited with last name only
More than three authors?

“et al.”
literally translates to “and others” Cite the first author, then slap an “et al.” after it! Only applies to references with more than three authors.
Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers, but often, these sorts of entries do not require any sort of parenthetical citation at all. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines:

•Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited
entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name).

You do not need to give paragraph numbers or page numbers
based on your Web browser’s print preview function.
•Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text.

In-text Example for Adding Words:
Jan Harold Brunvand, in an essay on urban legends, states: “some individuals [who retell urban legends] make a point of learning every rumor or tale” (78).

In-text example for Omitting Words:
In an essay on urban legends, Jan Harold Brunvand notes that “some individuals make a point of learning every recent rumor or tale . . . and in a short time a lively exchange of details occurs” (78).

This is the most important page of your research paper! The Works Cited is on a separate page on the end of your paper.

Here are some rules you need to know when arranging your Works Cited page...

The Works Cited Rules...
*Written in Times New Roman, 12pt font
*Doubled spaced
*1 inch margins for the first line of each citation
*Indented with an extra .5 inch for the subsequent lines
(hanging)- I will show you how to do this.
*Listed in alphabetical order by author's last name. followed by first name and middle initial and/or full middle name
*Use the first author as your citing source if you have more than one author (ex. Last name, First name and then First name last name)
Any questions?

If you are ever in doubt, CITE IT!

Documenting One Author in a Text
Example of In Text Citing for Websites
One online film critic stated that Fitzcarraldo is "...a beautiful and terrifying critique of obsession and colonialism"
If you MUST use one
an author, use the article title: There is no truth to the rumor that al-Qaeda has poisoned the Coca-Cola supply in our country
(“Coca-Cola No Al Queda”)
Full transcript