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Shakespeare Unit

Notes before reading Romeo and Juliet

Elizabeth Sherwood Watson

on 24 February 2012

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Transcript of Shakespeare Unit

William Shakespeare Shakespeare's Life Epitaph Shakespeare's Life II The Renaissance King Henry VIII Wives Queen Elizabeth I "What's in a name?" Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, 1564 Parents-John & Mary Shakespeare. Both were illiterate At 18, he married Anne Hathaway, a woman 8 years older. She was 3 months pregnant. Died from a fever,1616 Anne Hathaway’s Cottage The Curse Good friend, for Jesus’ sake forbear To dig the dust enclosed here. Blessed be the man that spares these stones, And cursed be he that moves my bones. They had 3 kids: twins, Hamnet & Judith, and Susanna
He left for London in 1588. Was a well-known playwright/actor by 1592 Returned to Stratford in 1610. Shakespeare wrote during the Renaissance or Elizabethan Age: 1558-1603 Queen Elizabeth I reigned & was a strong supporter of the arts
(literature, painting, sculpture, theatre, music). The Renaissance Renaissance means rebirth & was also called the Golden Age. There was an emphasis on individuality & freedom of choice. Renaissance men could write poetry, wear jewels, silks, and perfume, cry,
act, sing, dance, and still be considered manly. Catherine of Aragorn--divorced Anne Boelyn--beheaded Jane Seymour--died Anne of Cleves--divorced Kathryn Howard--executed Katherine Parr--widowed A Ladies Man! Elizabeth, the daughter of Henry VIII & Anne Boelyn. Her dad had her mom beheaded. Elizabeth had her own cousin killed. Elizabethan Drama Comedy: play begins with trouble & ends in peace, usually with a marriage. Tragedy: a play that begins in calm & ends in violence, usually with the death of characters who have weaknesses that lead to their deaths. Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy. Elizabethan Drama Shakespeare wrote his plays in blank verse--unrhymed iambic pentameter, 10 syllables in a line--1 unstressed syllable, followed by 1 stressed syllable Plots of plays were usually not original but stolen from familiar stories, myths, legends and history. Elizabethan audiences included peasants, educated upper class, the rich, prostitutes, and pickpockets. They demanded colorful costumes, action, and special effects--actors wore pig bladders filled with red liquid that flowed like blood when they were stabbed. Hamlet Macbeth Othello Shakespeare Invasion 9 composers including Beethoven ballets radio commercials “Seinfeld” & “Star Trek” cookbooks Music:SantanaThe ReflectionsTaylor Swift (PICK OUT A WHITE DRESS. DO IT NOW.) Shakespeare Invasion Movies: "O" based on Othello "A Thousand Acres" based on King Lear "10 Things I Hate About You" &"Kiss Me Kate" based on The Taming of the Shrew "West Side Story" based on Romeo and Juliet "The Lion King" based on Hamlet "Scotland, Pa" based on Macbeth Household Words/Phrases All that glitters is not gold good riddance fair play haven’t slept a wink laughingstock Dead as a doornail flesh and blood zany elbow wild goose chase Knock, knock-who’s there? Green-eyed monster Kill them with Kindness The Taming of the Shrew Taming was written between 1590 & 1594. Farcical battle of the sexes with disguises, transformations, puns, & characters’ true personalities. Taming Shrew—nocturnal insectivore related to moles Shrew—an ill-tempered scolding woman Puns—humorous use of a word to suggest multiple meanings Dowry—money, goods, or land a woman brings to her husband in marriage Entertainment of the day Theatre (including plays by that Shakespeare fellow) Bear or Bull baiting (several dogs attack a bear tied to a stake) Cockfighting (lots of chicken feathers and blood) Entertainment of the Day Brawling & rioting (fueled by an endless supply of beer) Witch burnings (a crowd favorite) Public executions (don’t forget to check out the severed head) Witch Burnings The Theatre Before theatres, plays were held in bear baiting arenas,
open air saloons,
or open fields. Most theatres were located
in the Red Light District
dark kind of neighborhood) In 1576, James Burbage built The Theatre, the 1st theatre Actors formed companies, sponsored by rich men called patrons. Shakespeare’s company began as Lord Chamberlain’s Men & changed to the King’s Men. The Globe The Globe Theatre, Shakes. had a stake in it, built in 1598. Called the“Wooden O” with 20 sides, open top Housed 2,500-3000 people Misc. Called groundlings, most peasants, stood in an area called the pit & paid a penny to get in. 1590-the Black Death killed 1,000 people every week and closed down the play houses. Misc. 1613-the Globe is destroyed in a fire. Plays lasted 2.5 hours & were considered a holiday Only men were allowed to act. Young male actors played female roles. During a performance of Henry VIII at the Globe Theatre
in 1613, a cannon shot employed for special effects
ignited the theatre's thatched roof, burning the original building to the ground. Romeo and Juliet Rant Grovel too much of a good thing lackluster catch a cold In a pickle As luck would have it The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet Was written between 1591 and 1594.
Was published between 1597 and 1599.
A tragedy with forbidden love, family rivalries, family obligations, and hidden lives. Romeo and Juliet Cont'd Star-crossed lovers: two people who care deeply about eachother, but due to circumstances (usually beyond their control) cannot be together. Setting: Renaissance time period, and set in Verona and Mantua (northern Italy). One of the most well known and copied works.
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