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Transcript of Puritanism
Manifest Destiny- term used to describe the expansion of the United States.
The phrase was mainly used in the Jacksonian Era when talking about the annexation of the Oregon Territory.
Manifestation in America
The early Puritans were imaged as a stern people who dressed all in black by the New England residents.
Clothing for both sexes was every color of the rainbow and by using vegetable dyes, rather than chemicals, the shades were soft and muted.
Men might have a colored hatband as a decoration in their best hats.
Puritans supported a conservative form of fashionable attire, characterized by muted colors and modest cuts. Gowns had low necklines filled in with high-necked smocks and wide collars.
Married women covered their hair with a linen cap, while men might wear a tall black hat. Men and women both avoided shiny fabrics, bright colors, and over-ornamentation.
Qualities of an Elect
-person who wasn't wicked
-asks for forgiveness for sins (if any)
The Puritans believed they were doing God's work. Hence, there was little room for compromise. Harsh punishment was inflicted on those who were seen as straying from God's work. There were cases when individuals of differing faiths were hanged in the BOSTON COMMON.
They believed God chose those who were worthy of salvation
The fate of an individual was predetermined by God
Personal matter between God and the
-truly believed that they were a group apart from the rest of the organized religion
The values of the Puritans are to follow the laws of the Bible, They look at the Bible in a more literal way.
1. Original Sin- If babies died at birth they believe that they went to Hell.
2. Grace and Predestination- God choose who is going to Heaven.
3. Good Works- doing good, help the poor, needy, and weak, was a possible sign of election, but could not be a cause of it.
"The Puritans believed that
the bible was God's true law,
and that it provided a plan
for living." (Puritans)
Manifestation in America
"We shall be as a City upon a Hill, the eyes of all people are upon us..."
America was seen as the Puritan promised land.
Puritans believed that they were God's chosen people to go to the New Canaan.
Puritans envisioned the New World or America on the top of a Hill, acting as a beacon.
In a Puritan society, literature was used to teach and educate one with God's Words.
Literature was written so that one would have a self- refection, to think about the things they had done, and to improve.
Puritanism in Literature
All stories had a story behind the story.
The Scarlet Letter: examination of intolerance and hypocrisy that underlined Puritanism; the nature of evil, sin, and guilt and a struggle for moral responsibility.
Puritanism in Literature
Origins in England
The Puritans were a middle class society in southern and eastern England.
Puritans were English protestants that believed that the Church still needed more reforming "purifying".
Also made up of Presbyterians, Independents, and Baptists who were upset with the church.
Their disagreement and discontent with the church lead to a civil war which they won, but their victory was short- lived.
They came to America to escape persecution by the king and to reform their religion, morals, and life in general.
Family Purpose in New England
Repeatedly in sermons, and personal letters, the Puritans state that their motivation in setting the new world was to provide a future for their children.
Family was the fundamental unit in puritan society.
They saw marriage as a civil rather than religious custom.
Puritans arranged marriages for their children and no one could marry outside the church. A girl could veto a choice but no one expected her to use the right.
Love meant physically caring for someone so romance was unnecessary for marriage.
Puritans forced singles, widows, widowers, orphans and others into family structures so they would be in a relationship.
The father had absolute authority in each family.
Puritans valued the family as the basic and
permanent human institution. They permitted
no divorce except for abandonment although
they would allow an annulment because of
Puritan parents disciplined their children mercilessly, crushed their wills, responded callously to their deaths, and routinely sent them out of the home to be raised by surrogates.
The concept of having a "calling" was crucial to Puritan life. Parents worked hard to help their children develop the skills necessary to fulfill their calling.
While the child's wishes were taken into consideration, ultimately, the parents made the final decision.
The Puritans viewed the male head of the household as the one responsible for commanding and instructing the family in the way of the Lord.
Christyna Conway, Evan Curry, & Emily Collins
Puritans felt no remorse about
administering punishment. They
believed in Old Testament methods.
Surely God's correction would be
far worse to the individual than
any earthly penalty.