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Voting and Elections
Transcript of Voting and Elections
-Lesson 1: Who can Vote? Qualifying to Vote Expanding Suffrage * Through history, the vast majority of people could never choose their rulers.
* Voting is one of our most treasured rights. *People who were banned from voting:
-white men who couldn't afford property
-African American males
-Native American males
-people under 21 years of age Voting Requirements Today * When an American turns 18, he or she has the right to vote.
* In most states, people who have committed a serious crime are not eligible. Registering to Vote * To register to vote, you need to fill out a registration form. Registration forms ask you for your name, address, age, and often political preference.
* You can register to vote through the mail or download a form through the Internet. Preparing to Vote * A prepared voter is a voter who is about public issues and current events.
* Once you inform yourself about the issues, you need to decide where you stand. Casting your vote
* When you arrive at a polling place, you will have to present some form of identification.
* A ballot is a list of the candidates' names, their political party, and the office they are seeking. Why your vote COUNTS * When you vote, it has the same value as any other vote. Reasons to Vote * Voting is a right and a responsibility of every citizen.
* In 1965, President Lyndon said, " Voting is the most
powerful tool ever devised." Understanding Voter Participation * Voter turnout rate is the percent of eligible voters that vote.
* People don't vote because of apathy, or lack of interest. Chapter 11: Voting and Elections
-Lesson 2: Elections and Campaigns Primary and General Elections * The first step in the election process is called a primary election, held in spring or summer.
* General elections take place on the 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November.
* National elections are held in even-numbered years.
* All seats in the House and about 1/3 of the seats in the Senate are up for election every 2 years.
* Presidential elections are held every four years.
* Losers may demand a recount so that all votes are counted a second time. If that fails to settle it, another election is held, and in the national elections, Congress may step in to settle a dispute. Initiatives and Referendums * There are two special processes for voters:
- initiative: procedure by which citizens can propose new laws or state constitutional amendments.
- referendum: a procedure by which citizens vote on state or local laws. Special Elections * Some states allow recall elections; special elections where citizens can vote to remove a public official from office (process is like an initiative, because it begins with people signing a petition)
*Sometimes officials die or resign before their term ends. A special election is held to fill a vacant office; they do not take place at regularly scheduled times. Understanding the Electoral College
* Electors vote for a particular candidate, and represent their state in the Electoral College.
* There are a total of 538 Electors in the U.S. The president must win at least 270.
* The popular vote is the votes cast by the individual voters in a presidential election. Running For Office * State and national elections happen every 2 years. GOTTA RUN Running A Campaign *Runner for president often forms an exploratory committee. To make sure that the candidates gain enough support, most candidates use the power of mass media.
* A candidate must meet the qualifications, or standards set by law.
- For example, a candidate for president must be at least 35 years old, lived in the U.S for 14 years, and be a natural-born citizen.
* Typically, several people from each party run against one another for the same office.
* In a presidential campaign, this choice is often made in a series of state primary elections. Delegates to a party's national convention are chosen to represent the majority vote in their state's primary election. CAMPAIGN FINANCE
* Under the winner-take-all system, it makes it difficult for third-party candidates to be represented in the electoral vote.
* No changes to the Electoral College have been made without the amending of the Constitution. * Campaigns are expensive.
* A race for president requires hundreds of
millions of dollars. * Most of the money comes from donations. Political action committees (PAC) are organizations set up by interest groups to collect and direct money to candidates and their campaigns
* The FEC regulates campaigns and how they are funded. Chapter 11, Lesson 1 Quiz 1. The Fifteenth Amendment states that no person can be denied the right to vote because of ______.
A. his or her gender
B. the color of his or her skin
C. his or her national origin
D. state laws 2. The Nineteenth Amendment extended the right to vote to _____.
A. African Americans
B. Native Americans
D. 18- year olds 3. In most states, people who _____ are not eligible to vote.
A. are 18 years old
B. have been citizens for only 5 years
C. are not homeowners
D. have committed serious crimes 4. Voter registration is only required in certain states
B. FALSE Chapter 11, Lesson 2 Quiz 1. Election Day is the
A. first Monday in November
B. first Tuesday in November
C. first Tuesday after the first Monday in November
D. first Monday after the first Tuesday in November 2. In a close election, the loser can demand a recount
B. FALSE * Amendments in the Constitution were made to give people the right to suffrage * Undocumented immigrants and people who have mental illnesses may lose their right to vote. informed Answer Key Lesson 1 Quiz 1.b
5.c Lesson 2 Quiz 1.c
5.a Chapter 11: Voting and Elections Verlene Faust, Yadily Moreno, Christina Chirino, Jazmin Leiva, & Oanh Nyugen 3. A presidential candidate who wins the popular vote always becomes president.
B. FALSE *The Fifteenth Amendment guarantees that no one can be denied the right to vote because of his or her skin color.
*The Nineteenth Amendment extended the right to vote to women.
*In most states, people who have committed serious crimes are not allowed to vote.
*Voter registration is not only required in certain states. 5.President Lyndon B. Johnson called ___________ "the most powerful instrument ever devised... for breaking down injustice."
A.the power to hold office
B.the right to bear arms
C.the right to vote
D.a positive attitude 4.An initiative is _____________.
A.a law proposed by lawmakers
B.a law proposed by voters
C.the same as a referendum
D.a constitutional amendment 5.National elections are held _____________.
A.in even-numbered years
B.in odd-numbered years
D.every four years