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Alexander Fleming


Zoe Aparas

on 8 June 2013

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Transcript of Alexander Fleming

Fleming 1881-1955 Birth and Early Life He was born in Darvel, Scotland on August 6th 1881.
He died in London, England on March 11th 1955. His parents were Hugh Fleming (1816-1888)
and Grace Stirling Morton (1848-1928)
Hugh was a farmer.
Grace was Hugh's second wife.
Hugh died when Alexander was only 7 years old.
He married Grace at the age of 59, and Alexander was the third out of 4 children. Alexander lived on the East side of London in a 15m tall building. He moved there from Scotland, where he lived on a farm. Education He attended London Moor School, Darvel State School, and then Kilmarnock Academy for 2 years. He inherited some money from his Uncle,John Fleming.
His brother Tom, suggested that he take up a the same career as him (physiology or medicine) and become a physician. He attended St Maries Hospital Paddington, London, in 1901 where he graduated in 1906 and had the choice of becoming a surgeon or a doctor. Achievments 1928 Alexander discovered a fungus which he named
Penicillen Notatum. And in the same year, he used this fungus to make the antibiotic substance we know as Penicillen. 1945 He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
with Hower Walter Florey and Ernest Boris Chain.
He recieved the prize for the discovery of Penicillen 1999 When Alexander was already dead he also achieved something. The Times Magazine put him on the list of the 100 most important people in the world. This was because he created Penicillen. Nobel Prize His Family His Legacy to the World Without Alexander Fleming, we would all
be dying of simple infections (caused by bacterias) and wounds infected by bacterias. He has changed the human society
and the world forever by discovering and creating
Penicillen. Bibliography Photos: Wikipedia and Google Images.
Information: Wikipedia. Thank you for watching
and listening Penicillen The Fungus Penicillen His house. After Primary and High School,
he worked in a shipping office for 4 years. Fleming was a member of the rifle club. They suggested
he join the research team at St Mary's Hospital. He did and became assistant to Sir Almroth Wright, a bacteriologist. He then became a lecturer at St Mary's Hospital
until 1914. In 1915 on December 23 he married a trained nurse, Sarah Marion McElroy of Killala, Ireland. Penicillen was the first antibiotic invented,
and was designed to kill bacterias which leads to infections. Because Alexander served in World War I as the captain of the Medical team,
he saw soldiers dying of wounds because they were infected by bacterias.
This inspired him to find a medicine to kill bacteria.
He returned to the hospital in 1918 where he was elected Professor of
Bacteriology. This was where began his research.
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