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Domestic Violence

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by

Craig Diver

on 7 April 2017

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Transcript of Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence :
achieving best practice

Objectives :
Practitioner input -
Fylde Coast Women's Aid

Assessment documents / 'tools'

Legal details

Safeguarding practice - child centered principles
police response
Featherstone and Peckover's research (2007) indicates that police call-outs to domestic violence incidents represent “key moments” (p167) for intervention in the social problem of domestic violence.

Moving the private, family experience of abuse into the realm of the public is usually a major decision for those victims & children who make the call to the police.

Nicholas et al. (2005) state that such calls are likely to be made in the context of a history of numerous previous incidents

Pover et al. (2009) commented on the likelihood of DV cases with the highest rate of repeat incidents.
DV : gendered realities
A notification system has emerged against what is acknowledged to be a background of fragmented services for children & families experiencing domestic violence (Hester et al 2006).

It represents an attempt to improve communication & coordination between two services focused on very different aspects of domestic violence.

POLICE
: aim to protect the victim & obtain evidence for prosecution

CHILDRENS SERVICES
: are concerned with supporting families & safeguarding children.
Domestic violence is heavily gendered : , while there is evidence for women’s violence towards men (Walby and Allen 2004; Povey et al 2009),

The most severe violence & that which inflicts the most serious harm is perpetrated by men on women (Mirrlees-Black 1999; Walby and Allen 2004; Hester 2009). It is usually helpful to adopt language that makes the gendered pattern of domestic violence explicit.
Featherstone (2009) refers to mothers frequently assuming responsibility for ensuring that men fulfil their parenting roles.

A number of mothers described themselves as adopting a
mediating role
between their children & their partner both prior to & following separation.

They would make “excuses” for their partner’s abusive behaviour; avoid children’s questions & “brush it [the violence] under the carpet”, in the interests of maintaining a positive bond between children & their fathers. However, in a small number of cases, children were depicted as refusing any contact with their fathers following separation.
1984, staff at the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (DAIP) began developing curricula for groups for men who inflicted violence in their personal relationships ie. domestic violence.

Rationale : to describe battering for victims, offenders, practitioners in the criminal justice system & general public.

This model of practice is used in agencies across the UK for victims of DV.

Deluth Model : POWER & CONTROL
domestic
abuse

November 2013, Gov. announced that DVPOs would be rolled out across England & Wales from March 2014. This followed a successful 1-year pilot across 3 police force areas.

DVPOs are a new power that fills a gap in providing protection to victims by enabling the police & magistrates to put in place protection in the immediate aftermath of a domestic violence incident.

With DVPOs, a perpetrator can be banned with immediate effect from returning to a residence and from having contact with the victim for up to 28 days, allowing the victim time to consider their options and get the support they need.

Before the scheme, there was a gap in protection, because police couldn’t charge the perpetrator for lack of evidence and so provide protection to a victim through bail conditions, and because the process of granting injunctions took time.
domestic violence protection notice & orders
MARAC
Multi-agency risk assessment conference
professional agencies discuss DV incident, consider level of risk, protection & actions required
IDVA
independent domestic violence advocate
Full transcript