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Present Perfect vs Past Simple 7th form

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by

Olga Pileckiene

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Present Perfect vs Past Simple 7th form

We use '
yet
' in
questions
and
negative
phrases. 'Yet' comes
at the end
of the phrase.



We use '
already'
in
positive
phrases. 'Already' comes
between
'
have
' and
the past participle
.
The past simple:
We use the past simple to talk about complete events that happened in the past:

I'm very happy because yesterday Julia telephoned me and said she loved me.

Remember if we say 'when' something happened we must use the past simple.

The present perfect
We use the present perfect to talk about something that began in the past but is still true now:

I've known Julia for 3 years.

And when we are interested in the fact, not the moment when it happened.

We've decided to get married.

The present perfect simple also acts as a bridge between the past and the present:

Have you ever fallen in love?

- we are talking about sometime in a person's whole life.

The Present Perfect Continuous
We use the present perfect continuous to talk about an activity repeated many times up to now.

We've been discussing the wedding all week.

And to emphasise an action:

Julia's mother has been following our discussions with interest.

If we say 'she has followed ...', she is more interested in the result of the discussions.
Present Perfect in songs
Find someone who ...

1. …been to a movie theater
2. …travelled by plane
3. …visited a museum
4. …tried bungee jumping
5. …gone swimming
6. …sung karaoke
7. …lost money
8. …taken a cold shower in winter
9. …listened to French music
10. …eaten raw meat
11. …had a barbecue on the beach
12. …drunk red wine
13. …played volleyball
Present perfect vs. simple past.
Practice

-Have you ever …?
-When was the last time you …?
Example:

• Question: Have you ever eaten raw meat?
• Answer: Yes, I have eaten raw meat.
• Question: When was the last time you ate raw meat?
• Answer: I ate raw meat last summer.
Past Simple/Present Perfect/
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect/Past Simple/Present perfect continuos
PRESENT PERFECT
Practice
Signal words
Past Simple
yesterday
... ago
from ... to ...
in ...
last ...
when
Present Perfect
since
for
lately
recently
so far
already
yet
just
ever
never
Past Simple
a verb +
-ed
(for regular verbs)
2nd form
(for irregular verbs)

Last year I work
ed
at a youth camp.
Did
you
finish
your project
yesterday
?
I
didn't speak
English
two years ago.

For the
Present Perfect
the
action
is more
important than the time.

For the
Past Simple
the time
of the action
completed in the past
is more important
than the action.

I
have played
football.
He
has played
football.
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/simpas-preper/tests?test2
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/simpas-preper/tests?test3
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/simpas-preper/tests?test1

I.

1. Mary (win) the lottery last year.
2. We (prepare / already) dinner.
3. James (find) your ring in the garden yesterday.
4.He (come / just) home.
5.They (buy) their car two years ago.




II. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1. I (see / not) anyone yet.
2.Phil (go / not) to the cinema last night.
3.We (be / not) to the zoo so far.
4.She (arrive / not) yet.
5. Emily (visit / not) me last week.
III. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1. (you / read) the book yet?
2. How many letters (they / write) so far?
3.When (he / tell) you that?
4.(you / be) at home last night?
5.How often (you / travel) abroad till now?

IV.
Text

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1. A: (you / taste / ever) sushi?
2.B: Yes, I (eat) sushi at least five times so far.
3.A: When (you / eat) sushi for the first time?
4.B: I (eat) sushi for the first time on my dad's 50th birthday. He (invite) the whole family to a Japanese restaurant.
5.A: (you / like) it?
6.B: Absolutely. In fact, it (be) so good that we (be) to that restaurant three times yet. And on my mum's birthday, we (order) some sushi and (have) it at home.

Positive Sentences

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1.William (tidy / already) up his room.
2. Caroline (miss) the schoolbus yesterday.
3. I (finish / just) my homework.
4. I cannot go out tonight. My grandparents (come) to see us.
5. In 2004, the Olympic Summer Games (take) place in Athens.

Negative Sentences

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1.We (watch / not) TV last night.
2.Joanna (read / not) the book yet.
3.Collin (not / go) on holiday last year.
4.I (have / not) any problems so far.
5. They (learn / not) the new words yet.

Questions

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1.(they / be / ever) to New York?
2.(you / see) Catherine a minute ago?
3.What time (you / get) up today?
4.(he / hear) the news yet?
5.How often (you / play) that game up to now?

Present Perfect vs Past Simple
Full transcript