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Transcript of Psychoanalytic Perspective
- Beyond the world
- Real world
- Author's life
- The audience To understand psychoanalysis we have to learn about the origins of psychology. So we will start with the father of psychology,
Mr. Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud: The Father of Psychology Beyond the World:
Beyond the world can refer to many things, one of them are dreams. Even though the common misconception is that dreams are messages from god, actually its a message from your mind, telling you what you wanted to do. These messages can be expressed in the literary work.
This refers to the person's connection to reality
and its morals. The person at a young stage creates
and sets up morals fitting into his or her environment.
The factors and distance between reality and fantasy play
a huge role in the person's life. Authors Life:
This usually refers to how the child
interacted with his parents and his environment
at an early age. If the child is raised in an unstable
environment it can lead to serious and unusual problems in the future. Many psychoanalysts believe
that this has a huge impact on the author's writing,
mainly because the author might create a character
that has to do with them in order to express their
individual thoughts without putting themselves in the text. Also as mentioned before, their dreams might give ideological symbols that they will embed into their text.
The audience also plays a role in psychoanalysis. The psychoanalysts
determine the factors that the audience finds in the text, and why the reader
finds that factor in the text. This is examined by psychoanalysts because it
can change the realm of how readers interpret the text against the author. Pros:
Because it looks into the biology and well as the history
of the author, psychoanalysis can provide a universal approach to literature and the symbolic meaning beneath the text. Psychoanalysis can also be viewed in many other directions and can provide a broad range of literary criticism. Cons:
Because psychoanalysis goes so in depth of the author's life, it may side track more into the author rather than the text that he or she wrote. This approach may be too symbolic and may ignore the "art" of the literature. Poem Analysis
The author was Yehuda Amichai and
he lived during the period of the Holocaust and World War II. Luckily, his family was able to successfully migrate to Palestine. He fought in World War II, and he also fought in the Arab-Israeli war.
In his literature, he mentions a lot of pain and people dying in many ways. This may represent his viewpoint and the terrors he faced during war. However, he mentions a small amount of hope in the text; this might refer to him, because luckily he was able to avoid the Holocaust and as well as death. Now as a psychoanalyst we would also interepret the audience's view point. If the audience received a greater impact from the word dead, the psychoanalyst would interpret a maladaptive tendency in the audience. On the other hand, if the audience finds great interest in the small amounts of hope reffered to in the text, the psychoanalyst might interpret the audience as a more optimistic group of individuals who have learned to believe in their lives. Psychoanalytic criticism adopts the methods of "reading" employed by Freud and later theorists to interpret texts. It argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a manifestation of the author's own neuroses (Delahoyde). Works Cited
Michael, Delahoyde. "Introduction to Literature." Psychoanalytic Criticism. WSU.EDU, n.d.
Web. 25 Apr 2010. <http://www.wsu.edu/~delahoyd/psycho.crit.html>.
"What is Psychoanalysis." Psychoanalysis - Techniques and Practice. AROPA, 2009. Web. 25
Apr 2010. <Psychoanalysis - Techniques and Practice>.