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Transcript of Conjunctions
"Grammar is the greatest joy in life, don't you find?"
-Lemony Snicket Conjunctions Conjunctions Coordinating Conjunctions Correlative Conjunctions Subordinate Conjunctions Conjunction Junction Conjunctions Connects two words, phrases, or clauses together. Examples And Or But Yet So Because If Unlike adverbs, conjunctions do not modify. Their only purpose is connecting. Coordinating Conjunctions Also called coordinators, theses are conjunctions that join two or more words, phrases, sentences, or clauses with equal, independent importance. They are often simple words that are fewer than four letters. Use the acronym FANBOYS For (a reason)
And (a non-contrasting idea or item)
Nor (a non-contrasting negative idea)
But (contrast or an exception)
Or (alternative idea or item)
Yet (contrast or exception)
So (a consequence) FANBOYS Examples using FANBOYS She performs at the opera, for she loves to sing. She goes to the opera and loves to sing along. She does not visit the opera, nor does she sing. She goes to the opera but does not like to sing. Everyday she visits the opera house or sings at home. She goes to the opera, yet she does not sing. She went to the opera last night, so she decided to sing when she came home. Subordinating Conjunctions These conjunctions conjoin a main (independent) clause and a subordinate (dependent) clause. A dependent clause cannot exist on its own. It needs a main clause to go with it. Because it was snowing, I put on my winter jacket and mittens. The word "because" is the subordinating conjunction. It is used to show the relationship between the two clauses. Subordinating conjunctions are categorized into 9 groupings:
Cause - as, because, since
Comparison - as, than
Condition - if, provided, unless
Concession - although, (even) though, whereas, while
Manner - as, as if, as though
Place - where, whenever
Purpose - in order that, so that
Time - after, as, before, once, since, til, until, when, and while
Other - that (used to introduce a clause that functions as a noun) Purpose Jessica is learning how to play hockey so that she can be in the next olympics. Time Jane stopped reading picture books when she entered grade 6. Correlative Conjunctions These are paired conjunctions that link balanced words, phrases, and clauses. Primary Examples Either...or Not only...but also Neither...nor Both...and Not...but Some pairs that sometimes have a coordinating function. as...as Just as...so the more...the less the more...the more no sooner...than soon...as whether...or Examples of Correlative Conjunctions in Sentences James can either finish his homework or practice the piano. Not only is he handsome but he is also intelligent. Neither the chess club nor the debating club is doing well. Both Anna and Gregory are doing well in math class. It is your decision whether you vote liberal or conservative. Conjunction Junction If you are still a little unsure about how conjunctions work, take a look at this video to verify your understanding. When you are finished watching, I encourage you record all of the coordinate, subordinate, and correlative words and phrases you observed in the video. Try to use them in your own sentences and phrases! I hope your understanding of conjunctions have broadened from this presentation.