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The Successes of the League of Nations in the 1920s
Transcript of The Successes of the League of Nations in the 1920s
In 1919, Poland and Czechoslovakia fought over this area, which was rich in coal. In 1920 the League arbitrated on the dispute, splitting the area between the two countries. Although neither country was happy about the decision, they accepted it and stopped the fighting. 2. Aaland Islands, 1921:
Both Sweden and Finland wanted control of the Aaland Islands, which were midway between the two countries. Both countries were threatening to fight for them. They appealed to the league and after studying the matter closely, the league said the islands should go to Finland. Sweden accept the leagues ruling which prevented war from starting. 3. Upper Silesia, 1921:
Upper Silesia was an industrial region on the border between Germany and Poland. It was inhabited by both German and Polish people. Both wanted control of it. French and British troops were sent to keep order. The league divided the region along these lines, but it built safeguards to prevent future disputes. Both countries accepted the decision. 4. Iraq, 1924:
The Turks demanded Mosul, a part of Iraq (a British mandate). The League supported Iraq and Turkey agreed. 5. Bulgaria 1925:
Greek troops invaded Bulgaria after an incident on the border in where some Greek soldiers were killed. Bulgaria appealed for help. The league condemned the Greek action and ordered Greece to pull out and pay compensation to Bulgaria. The Greeks obeyed this and withdrew. 6. Other:
400,000 Prisoners of War repatriated.
Turkish refugee camps helped (1922).
Work against leprosy (extermination of mosquitoes).
Drugs companies blacklisted.
Attacks on slave owners in Sierra Leone and Burma.
Economic advice to Austria (1922) and Hungary (1923).
The Permanent Court of International Justice. How did the League of Nations work for a better world? Refugees:
After WW1, thousands of prisoners of war needed to return home. The League worked a lot in getting refugees and bring back prisoners of war to their homes. In the first few years after the war about 400.000 prisoners were returned to their homes. Working conditions:
The International Labour Organization campaigned for improve working conditions generally for employers. The ILO was successful in modifying the limit of hours that young children were allowed to work. Health:
The Health Committee worked very hard to defeat horrible disease leprosy. It started the campaign to exterminate mosquitoes, which reduced cases of malaria and yellow fever. They gave out lot of vaccinations and medical information, they also invented new vaccines. Russia, that was against the League, used the Health Committee. Transport:
The League made recommendations on marking shipping lanes and produced an international highway code for road users. Social Problems: The treaties signed at the Paris Peace Conference had created some new states and changed the borders of other existing states. It was the job of the league to sort out border disputes. It was made up of leading politicians from the main members of the league: Britain, France and Italy. The league blacklisted four German, Swiss, Dutch and French companies which were involved in illegal drug trade. This freed 200.000 slaves in British-owned Sierra Leone. The League organised raids (short military attack) against slave owners and traders in Burma, and challenged the use of slavery to build the Tanganyika where the death rage among african workers lowered 50 percent.
The League kept close information even in areas where social injustice could not be removed. They kep records of these places, which provided information on problems such as Drug trafficking, prostitution and slavery. ( Only to 1:15 the successes)