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Transcript of WWI
World War I
- Conflicts and hostility between the great European powers
- Militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism
- Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie by Gavrilo Princip
Cause & Consequences
-Assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand sparked the war
-Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia were in a race for power
-European Countries formed alliances to maintain a balance power
-Germany, Austra-Hungary & Italy were the Central Powers
-France, Russia & Britain were the Triple Entente
-Imperialism gave European countries economic power which led to competition for overseas colonies
-Advances in technology led to the development of more powerful & deadlier weapons
- Was it wrong or right to use the new technologies in the ways they were used?
- Was it right or wrong for territories to gain and lose land after world war I?
- Did Canada's economy benefit from the world war?
- Were there any changes in Canadian lifestyle? (Women/children).
- Many new weaponry had been invented and tested by soldiers during world war 1, such as the first tanks and machineguns, flamethrowers, poison gas, barbed wires, tracer bullets, submarines, aircraft carriers, and even mobile x-ray machine. Technology had a rapid increase throughout the war because every country wanted to have an edge over the other.
- The invention of new and never seen before technological weapons had an impact on how military strategy would be used. Since new weaponry had been introduced, old strategies would become useless and new and more complex military tactics became mandatory for success. Countries wanted to master how to use their new weapons, while also figuring out how to effectively counter their enemies.
- World war 1 was the cause of many pointless deaths, it was a 4 long year old war which costs more than 10 million lives, and this was because nineteenth century tactics and strategies were being used with twentieth century technology. People didn't have to ability to grasp new ideas and therefore radically changed warfare.
Technology and its effects
Was it justified?
There were many territorial shifts during world war I, some major and some minor, these were all passed by the Treaty of Versailles, which is famously known as the peace treaty that ended the war.
- Germany took one of the biggest losses when it came to territory. They had to return disputed territory to a variety of European land such as Alsace-Lorraine to France, Belgium received Eupen and Malmedy, Poland received parts of west Russia and Silsesia and many more. Germany lost 13% of their colonies in Europe and lost about 1/10th of their population. (Approximately 6.5 - 7 Million)
- Germany had been a huge contribution to the destruction of world war I and was also responsible for destroying coal mines in areas such as France, Belgium and Italy, and was forced to provide the countries with millions of tons of coal over the span of 10 years.
- I feel as if it was the territorial change after the war was justified because of Germanys colossal damage that was done. They played a huge part in the war and caused unjustified damage and consequently paid the price for it by supplying millions of tons of coal and returning the land they had conquered.
WWI set the stage for the modern era through technological advances, territorial gains and loses, and a growing economy in Canada.
-Allied powers signed the treaties of Versailles, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Trianon, and Sèvres bringing the war to an official end.
-Four empires collapsed due to the war
-Economic and geopolitical consequences
-Territorial gains and losses
Size of Armies, August 1914
Russia 5 971 000
Germany 4 500 000
France 4 017 000
Austria-Hungary 3 000 000
Italy 1 251 000
Britain 975 000
Japan 800 000
United States 200 000
Canada 60 000
-Submarines, Tanks, Airplanes & Trench Warfare
Growing Economy in Canada
-Mass production techniques, electrical power, Canadian resources industries, exported and imported goods
-Nations that gained land after WWI& Nations that lost land after WWI
- Was there any good reason for any of the countries to use highly advanced technological weapons for their time without knowing their full capabilities.
- I would say it is justified in the sense that they are advancing in military weaponry and their advancements and knowledge of new concepts have contributed to future inventions, but then again at the end of the day weaponry isn't used for best purposes. The war overall was a waste of time and many innocent lives, people were fighting on honor of those who died before them. All countries were using similar weapons, so it was fair game for most but still stands unjustified.
Did the Canadian economy benefit from WWI?
During the time of war the Canadians did not benefit all that much as they had to manufacture a variety of goods and weapons for the allied powers. At the start of the war from 1914 to 1915, wheat production was weak in Canada and 50.000 people lost their jobs due to debt in the railroad sectors. However they were looking for jobs as soldiers, nurses, farm labourers, and factory workers and this grew simultaneously. By the year 1916 most jobs were filled up and such thing as unemployed seemed unrealistic, this was caused by the formation of the IMB (Imperial Munitions Board), which opened up 250.000 jobs in Canada. The country produced around one million shells a month, about a third of what the British armies were using on the western front. Maritime shipyards ran in full swing to manufacture submarines, and there were more than 100 plants across the country producing airplane parts. However they were still in major debt after the end of the war, so it was clear that new sources of funds were needed. The government issued Victory bonds which raised a surprising $2 billion, and also decided to add tax on certain items such as tabacco, alcohol, transport tickets, and medicine, and tax became a regular feature in Canadian life.
Change in Canadian lifestyles
The aftermath of the war wasn't all that bad as it seemed for Canada. Many women were getting involved in the workforce at the time of war and contributing more for society than previously and they also in the first time in history had the chance to vote, but after the war had ended, women were honoured for a little while until being put down again as they were not able to retain access to all professions and did not earn equal pay, it still took time for women to gain more rights but this was a big first step. Canada also for the first time in history showed that they are capable of being an independent nation from the battle famously known as Vimy Ridge and the country as a whole started to separate from the British Empire. Canada had their own military and generals and different strategies and tactics as they were maturing into a nation from a second colony.
Questions and insight
- Was world war I purposeful?
- Did the countries take the right steps or were they morally wrong?
-Were they justified in their actions?
Overall was the war worth it and unnecessary?
Questions about the Big Idea
Continuity and Change
Sense of Identity
Drought caused loss of wheat crops
Canadian Railway Debt
Imperial Munition Board
Debts and Taxes
Business Profits War Act
"Canada too is at war"
Canadian Enlistements and Casualties, 1917
The March to War, 1914
June 28 - Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife are assassinated
July 28 - Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
July 29 - Russia responds by sending troops to border of Austria-Hungary and Germany
Aug 1 - Germany declares war on Russia
Aug 3 - Germany declares war on France
Aug 4 - Germany invades Belgium en route to France
Britain declares war on France
Canadian government confirms that Canada, too, is at war
What are some continuities from ww1 that we still use today?
What was the most revolutionary technological advancement in ww1?
Did ww1 change Canada for the better or for the worse?