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Transcript of Cannibalism Prezi
Cannibalism in Skeletal Remains A Presentation by Jolie Schmidt Cannibalism Controversy
and Criteria The Hard Truth and Future Methods Limitations Future Methods Fractures and Bitemarks Burials Cutmarks and Cooking Controversy Definition Types of Cannibalism Types of Cannibalism Cannibalism is... The word "cannibalism" loosely refers to a range of behaviors in which one human consumes another or parts of another for survival, dietary, ritual, and/or pathological reasons.
To be considered cannibalism, an archaeological find must exhibit multiple criterion. Endocannibalism is the consumption of individuals from the same group.
Exocannibalism is the consumption of outsiders. Gastronomic cannibalism is the consumption of flesh for its food value.
Ritual cannibalism is related to religious beliefs. Calling an individual a cannibal is perhaps one of the worst insults available in the modern world. For this reason, anthropologists hesitate to refer to any population as cannibalistic.
Arguments have been made that cannibalism does not exist. Burials may help indicate gastronomic cannibalism based on the arrangement of the burial. In this example from El Mirador Cave, the remains were clearly thrown into the grave with no care for the individual.
Human remains being mixed with animal remains in midden pits may also indicate cannibalism. Cutmarks that indicate
cannibalism are represented
by v-shaped marks where
flesh and muscle has been
Evidence of cooking can be
seen by burnt bone
fragments. Boiling is shown
by rounded, polished
surfaces. To determine if a fracture
may indicate cannibalism,
anthropologists look for
crushing and peeling in remains.
Human bitemarks are the most obvious sign of cannibalism, but the hardest to identify. Repeated biting Carnivores and rodents may also create bitemarks on remains. Distinguishing from human bitemarks and carnivore bitemarks can be incredibly difficult, though not impossible.
There is currently no way to truly prove that human flesh was ingested by another human in the archaeological record due to poor preservation. Stable isotope analysis may someday allow scientists to distinguish between different animal protein dietary inputs. and chewing causes furrowed edges.